Glaucoma: How to avoid, survive loss of sight

Glaucoma: How to avoid, survive loss of sight

Josfyn Uba, Christine Onwuachumba and Gloria Ikegbule

AS often said, ‘in the land of the blind, a one-eyed man is king.’ Similarly, in the land of the sighted, every man is king. It goes to say the eye is a reverend organ in the body, a sense organ that man fears losing.

In some quarters, the eye is called the ‘lamp of the body.’ It is no wonder the Holy Book records this about the eye: “if the eye is healthy, the whole body will be full of light. But if the eye is bad, the body will be full of darkness.”

Many defects harm the eye spreading darkness over the body but the one doctors call the silent thief of the eye is glaucoma. It is a common eye condition where the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain, becomes
damaged. It is usually caused by fluid building up in the front part of the eye, which increases pressure inside the eye. Glaucoma can lead to loss of vision if it isn’t diagnosed and treated early.

In medical terms, glaucoma describes a group of conditions in which there is characteristic cupping of the optic disc with corresponding visual field defects, due to retinal ganglion cell loss. It is a progressive condition and the most common cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. It is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide.

Glaucoma is said to be an eye disease that has no cure and leads to total blindness. This eye disease comes upon
her victim like a thief in the night, appearing suddenly on one eye and attacking the other, if not nipped in the bud, to cause total blindness.

Based on these findings, Daily Sun sought the views of some renowned ophthalmologists in Nigeria on how best to tackle this dangerous eye disease.

Dr. Kunle Hassan, the Chief Medical Director, Eye Foundation Hospital Group and Deseret Community Vision Institute, Ikeja, Lagos said after cataracts, glaucoma is the second most common condition diagnosed in his hospital

He noted that glaucoma doesn’t usually cause any symptoms. For this reason, many people do not realise
they have glaucoma, unless picked up during a routine eye test. This, he concluded, is why glaucoma is often
called, the silent thief of sight.

Dr. Hassan
Describing how it attacks a person, Dr. Hassan explained that glaucoma typically has no signs in the early
stages. As the disease progresses, it usually damages the outer edge of the vision, working slowly inward. Without regular check-up the victim may not notice a problem until it is near the centre of the vision. Interestingly, glaucoma, he contin- ued, attacks males and females equally.

Worldwide, glaucoma is known to affect those in their 70s and 80s. However in the black populations, glaucoma is mostly seen among people in their 40s.

The reason for this is not known exactly, but glaucoma tends to occur at a younger ages and is more aggressive
in black populations.

Another amazing revelation by Dr. Hassan, who is the Past President, Africa Ophthalmology Council and
member, International Council of Ophthalmology Emeritus Group, is that no particular food or drink contributes
to causing glaucoma. And there is a possibility of a patient getting into depression or attempting suicide on account of being diagnosed of glaucoma especially at a late stage.

He explained that the only modifiable risk factor for glaucoma is intraocular pressure. However, this eye disease can also occur in patients with normal pressures. Other possible factors include Ischemia, which is the lack of oxygenated blood supply to the optic head.

He pointed that there is a greater prevalence of glaucoma in the southern regions, adding that a person is more at risk of developing glaucoma if a family member has it, hence, he advised that if a family member is diagnosed with glaucoma, their siblings and children should go for an eye exam once a year to be screened for it.

He said: “Glaucoma cannot be cured or prevented, but can be detected early by going for yearly eye examinations.

Its management helps to preserve vision, by reducing intraocular pressure to a safe level specific to the individual
patient. It is also important to realise that all interventions for glaucoma, whether eye drops, laser or surgery,
are aimed at reducing the intraocular pressure.

“Glaucoma treatment should begin as early as possible. Once diagnosed, patients should adhere to the eye drops
prescribed. It is dangerous stopping the use of medication as it can lead to irreversible blindness. In some cases surgery is indicated if pressures are difficult to control, or if a patient has difficulty complying with medications. Where the patient is young and the glaucoma is aggressive, surgery might be the first option in order to reduce the pressure.

“Awareness is extremely important. Most people will not experience symptom until a great deal of damage has already been done to the nerve. To prevent this, please see an ophthalmologist once a year for an eye exam. If examined and there is a suspicion of glaucoma, the relevant tests can be done and treatment started before you start to notice a problem with your vision.

“Basically, the importance of people coming for screening early, and having yearly eye checks is so that this eye defect can be prevented and good vision can still be preserved. And those who have been diagnosed at a late stage, there are low vision clinic available to help make the best of what vision the patient has left if severely
vision impaired. There are also rehabilitation centers that can help patients adapt to being blind and if depressed, it often helps to speak to a psychologist or a psychiatrist.”

According to a Delta State-based expert in ophthalmology, the cause of glaucoma is unknown. However he noted that there are some causal factors.

The first, which is age, he says, is common among people above 40 years. Another one is hereditary. Furthermore, if a family member has had it, there is a higher chance of it also affecting other family members or
siblings.

Having been in the profession in the last 20 years, Dr. Hassan said those who have eye diseases constitute approximately about one per cent of the world population, and out of this one per cent, glaucoma accounts for
about 59 per cent. It is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world.

Another eye specialist, who chose to be anonymous, argued that “glaucoma is a very dangerous eye defect because it has no symptoms initially. Before it starts giving the patient problem, the person would have lost
over 80 per cent of his vision. At this point, it does not cause pain, has no redness or itch. Even the sufferer does not know that he is losing his vision which is why it is called the thief of the eye.”

He continued that there are variants of glaucoma. According to him, there is close angle and open angle types.

“Close angle glaucoma is not common in this part of the world. What we have here is open angle glaucoma with no pains, no headache until very late when the patient starts noticing that everywhere is hazy and smoky. The worst is that any part of your vision lost to glaucoma is irreversible,” he said.

The expert pointed out that those who say glaucoma cannot be operated upon are completely ignorant of the disease and are not properly briefed on how to manage it.

He affirmed that the best approach to managing glaucoma was surgery, while noting that before an eye doctor operates a patient, he should make the patient realise that even after the surgery he is not going to see better
that he was seeing before.

“And the doctor must define to the patient the purpose of the operation, which is, to preserve what is left of his vision and not to regain what he had lost. But, if he does not do this operation, the chances of him losing
his vision is high,” he said.

Admonishing further he said: “A glaucoma patient who opts for eye drops in the treatment of the eye defect is more like postponing the evil day. How long are you going to use it? At a point, you will get tired of using
eye drops and it is not going to stop the disease either.

“As soon as you are up to 40, regular examination of the eyes is very important because the damage done by glaucoma is gradual.”

Also sharing his experience on glaucoma, Dr. Sunday Abu, Chief Medical Director, Havillah Eye Hospital, Abuja, told Daily Sun that majority of people come late for treatment at a time when they cannot help them.

According to him, “it is important for everyone to understand that glaucoma is a silent disease; people are not aware of it. People come to the hospital only when they notice that something is obviously wrong with their eyes, including very learned people.

“The bottom line is for people to go for early detection. For this to happen, people must bring themselves for check-ups in the hospital when everything seems normal. It is also important that awareness be created so that people will know the implications of delay. It is only when it is detected early that something can be done.”

Putting the ratio of people suffering from this disease worldwide at 16 per cent, Dr. Abu said glaucoma was prevalent in every region but the mode of presentation may differ. In communities where people take their health matters seriously, they may come early to see the doctor and he may be able to salvage the situation, he said.

He said: “Glaucoma is symptomless until late stages. When you wait to see the symptoms, it would have been late. The symptom usually is that one cannot see well with the eyes and at that point, it is already late.

“The point is that people should go for checks when nothing seems to be happening. It will only take a sense of willingness for people to walk into the hospital for an eye check when everything appears normal.

Those are the ones you can catch early and do something about, but those that wait to see symptoms before they come to the hospital would have presented very late.

“There are different types of glaucoma. There is glaucoma associated with trauma but it is not the one we are talking about. This one we are talking about has an unknown cause. It is a chronic disease in the eye and you can’t find any history of anything that has happened to the eye.

“It is good to also note that glaucoma can be genetic. In 10 per cent of people who suffer from glaucoma, it runs in their family. If you have a relation who has suffered from glaucoma, it is an indication that you can have it, hence, your determination to go to the ophthalmologist for checks should be more than the person who has no relative suffering from it,” he noted.”

Dr. Abu
Talking about misdiagnosis in the detection of glaucoma, Dr. Abu said it is possible in Nigeria going by lackadaisical attitude of some health practitioners.

According to him, “you see different categories of people when you go to the hospital. There are different grades of eye care workers and it depends on who you are seeing. You would see people who would just give glasses and you go while you are harboring more serious problems.

“This is why creating of awareness on glaucoma should be part of our programme, generally, not only for the eyes but on other categories of diseases. There should be regular programmes in both print and electronic media for people to understand the seriousness of the disease.

“With Africa being home to superstition, dogmas and other types of cultural inhibitions, awareness should be able to break those barriers that keep people away from seeking medical attention. The fact that your father or relative died of an ailment doesn’t mean that you too should just sit at home and die the same way.

“As far as I am concerned, nobody wants to go blind. The fact that your father died blind is the major reason you should go for regular checks so that you don’t die blind.

“However, we cannot do much of awareness and enlightenment programmes without the government. With government apparatus, it becomes big enough to reach everybody.

This is to say, there is not much individuals can do. But if government collaborates with the private health sector, they both achieve the desired impact.”

Glaucoma: Patient speaks

Talking with a glaucoma patient gave an insight to the reality of the situation. Mr. Michael Bassey was a police officer with the Nigerian Police Force when he was diagnosed of glaucoma on his right eye in 2011.

He told Daily Sun that he had no inkling that he had the defect. He only recalled that on his way to work one morning, he felt something entered his eyes. It was not itching him; rather he noticed he was having
blurry vision on the affected eye.

He visited the hospital and after three weeks there, his eye was confirmed to have been affected by glaucoma at the Daughters of Charity Eye Clinic in Benin City

Mr. Bassey who is presently retired accounted that the eye defect did not cause him his job as on-looker rarely noticed he had problem with his right eye.

He said: “Having glaucoma did not affect my job. Only my boss knew about my condition. My colleagues knew after my eye surgery when they saw me carrying a bandage.

“I consider myself lucky because once the eye goes bad, I can never recover the eye. It did not give me any sign, only that I noticed I was not seeing very well with that eye. I was told if I had not sorted for medical attention early, it would have deteriorated to affect my left eye.”

The retiree said he is on a continuous drug treatment to prevent the disease from spreading to the other eye.

Data analysis provided by College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, states that more than 100 thousand cases on glaucoma are recorded per year in Nigeria. It also said glaucoma, which can be chronic to last for years or lifetime rarely affect those between the ages of 14 and 18.

However, very susceptible to being affected are those between the ages of 19 and above. Data from population-based surveys indicate that glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness, accounting for eight per cent of blindness among the 39 million people who are blind worldwide.

In Africa, glaucoma accounts for 15 per cent of blindness and it is the region with the highest prevalence of blindness relative to other regions worldwide.

The national blindness survey in Nigeria in 2005-2007 glaucoma was the second commonest cause of blindness (16.7%) (prevalence 0.7%; 95% CI: 0.6-0.9)

Symptoms of glaucoma include blurred vision, or seeing rainbow-coloured circles around bright lights. Both eyes are usually affected, although it may be worse in one eye.

Credit: The Sun

English Language Class: Between Am tired and I’m tired

Between Am tired and I’m tired

Akeem Lasisi; lasisienglish@gmail.com; 08163939335

An apostrophe performs several functions in English language. It can show possession, as we have in This is the tailor’s house, telling us whose house it is. Often, when a noun is singular, the apostrophe comes before the s (tailor’s); but when it is plural, it comes after it, as we have in The tailors’ cars are wrongly parked. Another example is, “They have replaced the boys’ chairs.”

One other major function of an apostrophe is that it shows that letters and numbers have been omitted in certain expressions. This is what obtains in isn’t, don’t and didn’t. Some of the terms usually so contracted are, however, too intriguing to handle for many of us. We are focusing on such today.

What do you think about the following statements?

Am 30 years old.

A’m 30 years old.

I’am 30 years old.

I’m 30 years’ old.

I’m 30 years old.

Of all the five, it is only one that is correct. That is the last: I’m 30 years old. In the clause, the use of the apostrophe between I and am shows that a letter has been omitted; that omitted item is the a before m in am. Unfortunately, this is often confused with Am, when people say Am here. This is a wrong expression that you should shun whether in conventional writing or social media conversation.

Using Am instead of ‘I’m’ implies that you do not understand the principle behind the shortening of the original expression. In Am, you are not properly indicating the letter omitted. It is not I that is omitted, it is the a in am. So, the apostrophe is used to bring I and m together:

I am tired. (Correct)

Am tired. (Wrong)

I’m tired. (Correct)

Between his and he’s

Using his and he’s can also be problematic. The first – his – is a pronoun, a possessive pronoun that does not require an apostrophe, as we rightly have in This is his car, meaning the car belongs to him and not to any other person. You need not add any other item to this, just as you do not add an apostrophe to her, their, its and my. Or would you feel comfortable saying or writing, This is her’s house?

On the other hand, he’s comes with an apostrophe because there is an omission. The i before s (is) is deliberately thrown out. To indicate this, an apostrophe is needed:

He is trying to repair the table. (Correct)

He’s trying to repair the table. (Correct)

His trying to repair the table. (Wrong)

His trying to repair the table is ridiculous. (Correct)

Also, note that ‘he’s’ can also mean ‘he has’, depending on the context:

He has gone. (Correct)

He’s gone. (Correct)

Similarly, she’s and it’s’ can work with both the present tense and present participle:

She is here. (Correct)

She’s here. (Correct)

She has arrived. (Correct)

She’s arrived. (Correct)

It is here (Correct)

It’s here. (Correct)

It has finished.

It’s finished. (Correct)

Of course, ‘she’d’ can also mean ‘she had’ and ‘she would’:

She had gone before the policeman arrived. (Correct)

She’d gone before the policemen arrived. (Correct)

I thought she would sign the memo before leaving. (Correct)

I thought she’d sign the memo before leaving. (Correct)

Answers to last week’s assignment

He was suspended … that he disobeyed the MD’s directive.
(a) because of the ground (d) due to the ground (c) ON

THE GROUNDS (d) on the ground

We need … united country.
(a)A (b) an (c) very (d) more

I can’t quote the statistics …
(a) OFF HAND (b) off handed (c) off head (d) off heads

Homework

Dele … finished cleaning the table when the visitors
arrived.

(a) haven’t (b) hasn’t (c) had’nt (d) hadn’t

I have noted your request. But … not what I can do now.
(a) is (b) its (c) it’s (d) it

Many people were amazed when Messi dribbled … all the
defenders.

(a)past (b) pass (c) passed (d) pushed

Credit: The Punch

Against odds: Blind from childhood, Hafsat is now a lawyer

Blind from childhood, Hafsat is now a lawyer

By Maryam Ahmadu-Suka,

Hafsat Suleiman, a Law graduate of the Ahmadu Bello University, was recently called to bar after completing Law School. Third in a family of 10, Hafsat’s remarkable achievement was celebrated widely on social media, as she had lost her sight at a young age. She shared her inspiring story with Daily Trust Saturday. Excerpts:

Daily Trust: How did you lose your sight?

I was just three-years-old then, so there are many things that I cannot remember and even when I was told, I could not hold on to them.

DT: What are some challenges you faced in school, en route becoming a lawyer?

The first was that I was not allowed to attend any school of my choice like any other person, I had to attend Kaduna State Special Education school because that was the only school people like me can go to. After my primary school, I attended WTC in Katsina before I moved to Girls High school, Kindire in Jos, where I did my JSS 1 and 2. I later moved to Government Secondary School, Kwali in Abuja where I completed my secondary education. Then, after my secondary education, I got admission to study Law at the Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria.

In ABU, the challenges came right from the entry point, because my dean insisted on not admitting me into the faculty because he felt the school did not have the facilities for me to study. It was with the help of God and the intervention of so many people that he agreed to admit me. There were other challenges like buying handouts, since they were not in Braille, so I had to either get someone to read with me because I was not brailing them and I was not recording, or make the handouts into soft copies and play on my laptop which has a software that converts text into speech.

Also, some of the lecturers were not helpful. But some were always there for me. Some of the lecturers were authors of the books we used during the course, so I would ask them for the soft copies; some of them gave me, but other would tell me they do not have it or would not even listen to me. But by the grace of God, here I am.

DT: How were you able to move around campus?

I had people who were always there for me, and even when I took courses they were not taking then, they would make sure I attend my lectures. Sometimes one of them would take me there, accompany me to the lecture hall and even if my close friends were not there, I would always find someone to help. They even go out of their way to take me back to my hostel.

DT: What informed your decision to study law?

Growing up, I never thought of becoming a lawyer because I my father wanted me to be a Physiotherapist and up to my secondary school, I was still holding on to that. But then, when I later understood that the educational system is not favourable, I decided to change course and even then, I never thought of studying Law. I never wanted to study any course that has been labelled for disabled people even though there are people that have decided to offer such courses. I never wanted people to rule my life and make decisions for me just because I am physically challenged.

When I was in secondary school, a counsellor opened up to me and told me I could not study sciences, and I would have to choose between arts and social sciences. Back then, when I chose art, I kept wondering what I was going to do with it. I do not know how come, but it came one day and I decided to study Law because I felt it was interesting and I would at least have the opportunity of giving the voiceless a voice.

DT: What call would you make to others living with disability?

They should never give up, and always, always hold their head up high.

DT: What is your next step after being called to the bar?

I’m presently serving with a law firm and I hope to practice after my NYSC, but our society is not supportive of people like me. I know that if I am in a room with another lawyer, the client will definitely pick the other lawyer because of my disability. And even if he picks me and in the end, we lose the case, the client will say it’s because I am physically-challenged. Society needs to stop the discrimination of people like me.

When I was at the Special Education School, I noticed that the children were forced to learn with people older than them, thereby taking away their childhood. I pray that by the grace of God, I will be able to establish a foundation for special children, and even if I am able to cater to only two children, I would be happy and grateful.

Credit: Daily Trust

Polytechnic lecturers declare indefinite strike

‘No going back on our indefinite strike’

MAPOLY lecturers declare ‘work-to-rule’ strike
The Academic Staff Union of Polytechnics (ASUP) on Tuesday said there was no going back on its planned indefinite strike beginning on Dec. 12 in all the nation’s polytechnics.

Mr Usman Dutse, the National President of the union made the declaration in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Lagos.

Dutse said that the strike became necessary following the failure of the Federal Government to implement the 2009 and 2017 agreements reached with the union.

According to him, we are commencing our strike tomorrow as scheduled. Everything is set and there is no going back.

“There is an invitation for a meeting on Dec. 17, but we will still commence our strike on Wednesday.

“I don’t know what will happen at the meeting or what they have decided, but until we meet with them, we cannot predict.

”I don’t know what they plan to present until we meet with them,“ he said.

Duste said that the strike would be comprehensive and total, until all issues raised were adequately addressed by the government.

He said the union had issued a notice directing all members nationwide to comply and down tools by midnight of Dec.12.

The president said the union leaders would also send a reminder to all its branches, adding that there would be no academic activities in all the polytechnics until further notice.

Dutse said that the failure of the Federal Government and the Minister of Education, Malam Adamu Adamu, to comply with the agreements reached with the union necessitated the strike.

He said the union had in 2009 signed an agreement with the government and also a Memorandum of Action in 2017, adding that none of the agreements had been implemented.

Speaking on the resolution reached at the union’s 93rd National Executive Council (NEC) meeting held in Yaba College of Technology, Lagos State on Nov. 29, Dutse said the strike was inevitable. He said the union had issued a notice directing all members nationwide to comply and down tools by midnight of Tuesday, Dec.12.
He said that the union would also send a reminder to its branches on Wednesday.

He listed the 10 point demands of the union to include non-implementation of NEED ASSESSMENT reports of 2014 as agreed with the minister at the meeting of October 2017.

“They are lack of seriousness in the renegotiation in the union’s 2010 agreement; non-release of arrears of CONTISS 15 migration for the lower cadre; non-release of arrears of promotions and shortfalls in personnel releases as well as non-payment of allowances.

“Other agitations are non-payment of salaries in many state-owned polytechnics, non-payment of union check off dues, pension deductions and other statutory deductions from staff salaries to the appropriate bodies, continue victimisation of union officers,“ he said. (NAN)

NOUN graduates now free to undergo NYSC, Law School as Buhari signs new Act

Buhari approves NYSC, Law School for NOUN graduates

By Ismail Mudashir |

President Muhammadu Buhari has assented to the National Open University Amendment Act, to allow the institution to operate as all other universities in the country.

Daily Trust reports that with the assent, the graduates of the NOUN can now participate in the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) and the Nigerian Law School.

Presidential Assistant on National Assembly (Senate), Senator Ita Enang announced the assent of the President while addressing State House reporters in Abuja.

” President Buhari has also assented to National Open University Amendment Act, which allows the National Open University to operate as all other universities, having the same power and functions and the same administrative structures eliminating possible discrimination as some use to want to have on its products and programmes.

” It has also allowed the establishment of some centres to be called study centres and given conditions for the establishment of such study centres,” he said.

The National Assembly had passed a bill for An Act to Amend the National Open University Act Cap N6 LFN 1983 (Amendment) Bill 2017’.

Credit: Daily Trust

ASUU STRIKE: FG withdraws ‘no work no pay’ threat as negotiation continues Tuesday

ASUU STRIKE: FG withdraws ‘no work no pay’ threat

‘No work no pay’ policy not applicable to ASUU — Falana

By Dayo Adesulu & Johnbosco Agbakwuru

ABUJA—THE Federal Government has withdrawn the recent threat to activate the ‘no work no pay policy’ against striking university teachers.

No work, no pay policy: Labour threatens to report FG to ILO

This was disclosed by the National President of the Academic Staff Union of Universities, ASUU, Prof. Biodun Ogunyemi, in an exclusive chat with Vanguard yesterday.

Ogunyemi also said that the negotiation meeting between ASUU and the Federal Government would continue tomorrow, stressing that what the union was doing was to rescue the education sector from imminent collapse and to ensure that the children of the poor get access to quality and affordable education.

The ASUU boss also said that last Friday’s meeting between the two parties did not yield much results.

He said: “Well, we have confirmed that they have withdrawn that threat (no work no pay). So it appears the threat is not there for now. But even if the threat is there, we are prepared for that because for our members, no sacrifice is too much to salvage Nigeria’s education.

“Shortly before our action while the NLC (Nigeria Labour Congress) hullabaloo was going on with federal government, they went to the Federal Executive Council that they were activating that rule.”

Meanwile, human rights lawyer, Mr. Femi Falana, SAN said yesterday: ”Although the Federal Government referred to “extant rules” to justify the ‘no work, no pay’ policy the directive is anchored on section 43 (1) of the Trade Disputes Act which provides that “any worker who takes part in a strike shall not be entitled to any wages or other remuneration for the period of the strike…”. In resorting to the desperate measure the Federal Government was not properly advised. Otherwise, it would have realized that even under the defunct military junta the application of ‘no work no pay’ rule, threat to eject lectures living in official quarters, promulgation of a decree which made strike in schools a treasonable offence and the proscription of ASUU did not collapse any of the strikes called by ASUU.

”It is submitted that the latest strike embarked upon by ASUU has complied with the provisions of section 31 (6) of the Trade

Disputes (Amendment) Act, 2005. Since the law does not punish acts which are lawful in any democratic society section 43(1) of the Trade Disputes Act cannot be invoked to justify the seizure of the salaries and allowances of members of the ASUU who have decided to participate in an industrial action that is legal in every material particular. Under the current labour law regime only those who take part in illegal strikes are liable to be prosecuted and forfeit their salaries and allowances.

Credit: Vanguard

WASSCE: 36% credit pass recorded as WAEC releases 2018 private candidates results

WAEC releases 2018 WASSCE private candidates results

By Anietie Akpan, Calabar

The result of the 2018 West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) for private candidates, second series has been released.

The Head of the Nigeria National Office of the WAEC, Mr. Olu Adenipekun, who announced this yesterday at a press briefing in Transcorp Hotels, Calabar, said 112,567 candidates registered in Nigeria out of which 109,902 candidates sat for the examination.He stated that out of the 109,902, “107,749 candidates representing 94.04 percent have their results fully processed and released while 2,153 candidates representing 1.96 percent have a few of their subjects still being processed due to errors traceable to the candidates in the course of registration or writing the examination.”

Giving a breakdown of the performance of the candidates, Adenipekun said: “Out of the 109,902 candidates that sat for the examination, 63,037 representing 57.36 percent obtained credit and above in a minimum of any five subjects, that is with or without English language and or Mathematics (while) 39,557 candidates representing 35.99 percent obtained credits and above in a minimum of five subjects including English and Mathematics.”

Adenipekun, who was flanked by other top members of the council, advised candidates to check for their results online using the checker PIN and serial number as contained in the candidate’s smart identity card used during the examination and certificates of candidates whose results have been fully processed and released will be ready in 90 days from yesterday.

During question and answer session, he said that cases of examination malpractice was very low or insignificant because the number of candidates that sat for the examination was quite lower as compared to the school examinations. “We ensured that WAEC officials were in all the centres, and the issue of collusion and use of mobile phones were nipped in the bud.”

On the low percentage of scores for candidates who got five credits and above including English Language and mathematics, he explained: “We cannot say that the percentage is low but we need to draw the attention of the nation to the fact that it is a make up examination” to complement an earlier result.

On e-testing, Adenipekun said: “WAEC is doing everything possible to play required roll as far as e-testing is concerned but WAEC is meant to test the performance of candidates as per their learning in school and e-testing in schools. We must have e-learning before we can have e-testing.

“If we go ahead to say all our candidates should use e-test, we will not be seen doing what we are supposed to do. We are supposed to do e-testing and not aptitude test so that they can demonstrate effectively what they have learnt.But we are not resting, hence the need for us to draw the attention of the nation to the teaching of e-learning in schools”.

Source: Guardian

WASSCE: 36% credit pass recorded as WAEC releases 2018 private candidates results

WAEC releases 2018 WASSCE private candidates results

By Anietie Akpan, Calabar

The result of the 2018 West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) for private candidates, second series has been released.

The Head of the Nigeria National Office of the WAEC, Mr. Olu Adenipekun, who announced this yesterday at a press briefing in Transcorp Hotels, Calabar, said 112,567 candidates registered in Nigeria out of which 109,902 candidates sat for the examination.He stated that out of the 109,902, “107,749 candidates representing 94.04 percent have their results fully processed and released while 2,153 candidates representing 1.96 percent have a few of their subjects still being processed due to errors traceable to the candidates in the course of registration or writing the examination.”

Giving a breakdown of the performance of the candidates, Adenipekun said: “Out of the 109,902 candidates that sat for the examination, 63,037 representing 57.36 percent obtained credit and above in a minimum of any five subjects, that is with or without English language and or Mathematics (while) 39,557 candidates representing 35.99 percent obtained credits and above in a minimum of five subjects including English and Mathematics.”

Adenipekun, who was flanked by other top members of the council, advised candidates to check for their results online using the checker PIN and serial number as contained in the candidate’s smart identity card used during the examination and certificates of candidates whose results have been fully processed and released will be ready in 90 days from yesterday.

During question and answer session, he said that cases of examination malpractice was very low or insignificant because the number of candidates that sat for the examination was quite lower as compared to the school examinations. “We ensured that WAEC officials were in all the centres, and the issue of collusion and use of mobile phones were nipped in the bud.”

On the low percentage of scores for candidates who got five credits and above including English Language and mathematics, he explained: “We cannot say that the percentage is low but we need to draw the attention of the nation to the fact that it is a make up examination” to complement an earlier result.

On e-testing, Adenipekun said: “WAEC is doing everything possible to play required roll as far as e-testing is concerned but WAEC is meant to test the performance of candidates as per their learning in school and e-testing in schools. We must have e-learning before we can have e-testing.

“If we go ahead to say all our candidates should use e-test, we will not be seen doing what we are supposed to do. We are supposed to do e-testing and not aptitude test so that they can demonstrate effectively what they have learnt.But we are not resting, hence the need for us to draw the attention of the nation to the teaching of e-learning in schools”.

Source: Guardian

Expert task students, school leavers on self-reliance

EXPERTS TASK NIGERIAN STUDENTS ON SELF-RELIANCE

A cross section of students participants

The Nigerian students have been charged to be tenacious in building individual capacity and self-worth to shore up their core value in life.

This task was given to secondary school leavers in Agege, Lagos State, by experts and facilitators at the 7th edition of Beyond Secondary Education: What Next? (BSEWN), programme organised by Future Matters Concept (FMC) at Agege Local Government Education Authority conference centre with the theme
“Achieving Greatness through Positive Vibes”.

The Director-General, Quality Education Assurance, Ministry of Education, Lagos State, Ronke Soyombo, in a keynote address said that the theme of the program is pivotal in ensuring a brighter future of young people.

“According to the theme of this event, Achieving Greatness Through Positive Vibes, you have chosen to change the world of these future leaders by bringing out the best in them to achieving maximum self-discovery, repositioning them for purposeful leadership roles and transforming them into confident and purposeful individuals with maximum concentration.

Soyombo, who was represented by the Zonal Director, Quality Education Assurance, Alimoso zone, Mrs Ajose Kemi noted that there is a need for young people to know that they are the strength of the nation.

“As youths your shoulder lays the future leadership of this great nation, we are therefore preparing you for the leadership roles you are bound to play.

“Leadership is a professional cross you must all carry at one point or another and to become a leader is not on a platter of gold. Hard work, diligence, focus and determination are keys to becoming a successful leader”

Since leadership skills are not on a platter, you must continually be involved in capacity building to yield more productive results leading to improved learning and development.

“You must imbibe a work ethic that will propel you to the top with clear vision of what your goals are”.

”The educational and leadership skills you acquire will motivate and inspire you to the zenith of your chosen careers”.

Soyombo, charged the stakeholders to continue in the path to developing, educating and orientating the youths on the mantle that has been placed on them to be the linkage between the past, present and future of our country by unlocking the hidden potentials in them

“Let us reawaken entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation in all areas, let us get our youths off the streets, let us acculturate them with values, and let us create an enabling environment that would see them prosper and evidently reflecting in the progress and development of key areas of the Nigerian society”, she said while commending the convener, Adewale Adeleye, head strategist Future Matters Concepts for this laudable initiative

“No doubt, the future of these young leaders of tomorrow has taken the front burner in your vision of a robust future, opening doors to a whole lot of opportunities as they progress from one academic level to another”.

“In line with the objectives of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and Lagos State Office of Education Quality Assurance on Lagos State Child’s Right Law 2007 for quality education not for teaching and learning alone but to invest in the potentials of our teeming youths for a purposeful future through, most especially, harnessing the 21st skill acquisitions and entrepreneurship. Soyombo added.

In a remark by The Tutor General General/Permanent Secretary Lagos State Education District 1, Agege Dr. Folayinka Ayandele, opined that a child’s mindset could be an asset or a liability owing to what information is available for it to process and use.

Ayandele who was represented by Mrs Funmi Longe a Director of Administration and Human Resource at the Education District, established the fact that a child would either have a ‘Growing’ or a ‘Fixed’ mindset which majorly plays a pivotal role on who the individual eventually turns out to be in future.

“Idea rules the world and the information you are opened to will make or mar you, many in life tend to have fixed mindset rather than a growing mindset, they are not open to ideas, they tend to build a high wall around themselves, so they have no network and their progress in life is hampered”

“Achieving Greatness comes with various challenges that require serious dedication to one’s dreams and aspirations for a brighter future”

“As young people your positive attitude towards your dreams of a glorious future should give you solace and energy in the face of present challenges you might be expressing”

“The world celebrates exceptional youth, who achieve excellence in his or her endeavours” Ayandele stated

The Past Chairman,Nigeria Institute of Public Relations ( NIPR), Lagos Barrister Jide Ologun foremost amongst the facilitators at the course charting forum for young minds harps on the importance of concentrating on self-development early in life, rather than wasting time on things that add up nothing to one’s worth.

According to him correct networking is the key to a successful living while strategy to combat lives inevitable challenges brings about solution.

It is because we are not maximizing our potentials that is why we have resource control issue, we don’t want the younger generation to continue in this wrong direction and few of us started igniting the mindset in them.

“Irrespective of their physical location majority of people grow up in the midst of having to take right decisions.

“There are children raised up even in environment that cannot be described as Crime prone and they end up in crime because right now beyond the physical environment what about technology, online community and different kinds that are available, so it is apt to engage this minds.

“Our concern now is grooming them to take right decisions.” Ologun affirms.

Earlier the convener of BSEWN Adewale Adeleye noted that many of the students after secondary tend to be uncertain about what the future holds for them so the programme aims at charting a right course for them.

“It is a concept aimed at inspiring excellent attitude towards academic pursuit, providing adequate information on career choices, leadership and entrepreneurship, while addressing issues substance/abuse/sexual reproductive health and vices amongst the young people.

“The theme of this year’s edition “Achieving Greatness through Positive Vibes” becomes imperatives following some of the challenges known as VICES that often confront our young people on the way to the top.”, he said

CPS Saheed Olayinka Egbeyemi, the chairman Lagos State Taskforce on Environmental and Special offences, while delivering his goodwill message at the event cited the importance of the environment in ensuring an individual is well groomed.

“Seated here are future leaders, I want to make them know that Crime does not pay and education is the key to success.

“The environment determines who you are. I was able to rise to limelight just due to my mindset and poise to achieve much in life, I was born and bred in Agege but as I moved out to another serene environment my mindset changed”

Other dignitaries and facilitators who also played active roles include; Education Secretary, Agege Local Government Education Authority Hon. Olamilekan Majiyagbe; Chief Operating Officer Soulcomms, Mrs Mojisola Saka; second in command to the chairman task force, SP Adetayo Akerele; NIPR General Secretary, Lagos state, Mrs Thelma Okoh and host of others.

Respondng, Miss Nuratu Malik a student of Government College said the programme had impacted her greatly.
“Just like the chairman of Task force didn’t allow his background to put his back on the ground, I think your background should help to bring you out finally, it should not determine what you will become in future.

Abubakar Sulaiman from State Senior High School Oyewole in his reaction to the programme, said that it enlightened him more of the fact that after secondary school there is still a long way to go.

“It teaches me how to make use of the resources, I have now in order for me to have a better future.