Lagos environmental sanitation: Judgment against movement’s restriction still valid –Adegboruwa

Judgement against movement’s restriction not vacated –Adegboruwa

Governor Babajide Olusola Sanwo-Olu

In this interview with MUDIAGA AFFE, a lawyer and human rights activist, Mr Ebun-Olu Adegboruwa, says plans by the Lagos State Government to reintroduce environmental sanitation will be challenged if it impedes free movement of people

What is your reaction to the latest move by the Lagos State Government to reintroduce the monthly environmental sanitation?

Well, I’m fully in support of any move by the state government to clean the environment and there is no gainsaying the fact that Lagos seems to have been littered with refuse here and there. We have been working on how to achieve cleaner Lagos for a long time. So, it is a welcome idea which one supports but the methodology and the strategy may be the issue. Before the emergence of this administration, led by Babajide Sanwo-Olu, sanitation had always been a priority for any regime and so we support the effort to clean. But when it comes to the illegal policy of restricting movement of citizens is another thing entirely. For us as citizens and Lagosians, we are happy to have this new regime and would support all its policies and programmes, especially on sanitation. However, whether he has the right to restrict peoples’ movement in law is a different kettle of fish altogether.

You had once dragged the state government before the court over the restriction of movement during sanitation. Do you still maintain this position?

We are still in court on the matter. In 2015, a Federal High Court in Lagos delivered a judgement against the Lagos State Government and the Inspector-General of Police; it issued an injunction restraining the government and the police from restricting movement and disturbing people in the name of environmental sanitation. That judgement is still valid and the state government appealed against the judgement. We have been on the appeal but they refused to file their brief. So, we still have a judgement of the Federal High Court that is subsisting and valid. Every government has a duty under Section 287 of the Constitution, which says that the executive arm of government has a duty to obey the decisions of the court. The Lagos State Government has no choice in this matter because there is a judgement in force that cancelled the restriction of movement, but it did not cancel the observance of the environmental sanitation. If you want to do sanitation for a whole Saturday in a month, nobody is opposing that. We welcome it and will participate in it. But it cannot lead to the restriction of movement of people because that is illegal and unconstitutional. The constitution in sections 35, 38 and 40, grants freedom of movement to all citizens. It is beyond any state government in Nigeria and the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria to restrict the movement of citizens and the court has made a pronouncement on that. We are a country of democracy that is governed by the rule of law. There is no basis at all for the government of Lagos State to be tinkering with the idea of restricting movement. But we are all enthusiastic about this new government and we would participate in the environmental sanitation any time that the government declares. It should not lead to the restriction of the movement of people. If they try that, it would amount to contempt of court and that is punishable by law. I do not think that the governor would want to start his administration with a confrontation with the judiciary. From the language I have seen about Governor Sanwo-Olu, he is a peaceful and law-abiding man who swore to an oath on May 29, 2019 to uphold the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. It is less than one month, he cannot start his regime by violating his oath of office. I do not think the government has any plan to restrict people from moving; it will be totally unconstitutional.

Although the government says it is consulting with the people over the matter, what, if it decides to resume the exercise, what options will you seek?

Well, I feel that we should not encourage the government to embark on deliberate act of impunity because when those in authority, holding power in trust for us, set out to deliberately violate a judgement of the court, the signal to the rest of society is very bad. I will honestly believe that part of the consultation of the governor is to talk to lawyers and I am sure he will be consulting with lawyers and civil society. When a government, on its own, decides to violate a court judgement, it is sending a signal of lawlessness and impunity and a society that is governed by total disregard for the law and this will be bad. If it does that, it is for us to go back to the court and set up a process for the court to interpret the decisions or policies of the government. The history of this whole struggle to free the people from the compulsory stay at home for three hours was on June 29, 2013, I got an invitation to appear on a national television station to discuss a national issue. On my way, I had the access card with me, but when I got to the Ojota/Ketu end of the Lagos/Ibadan expressway, I was stopped by LASTMA and policemen and they did not allow me to proceed. I was arrested and detained on the claims that I violated environmental sanitation law. But I told them that there was no such law in existence; they refused to listen. Thereafter, the following week, I approached the Federal High Court to determine whether the government of Lagos has the power to restrict movement of citizens in the name of environmental sanitation. The court examined the matter; the state government was in court and the court said there was no such law. That is where we are. Another citizen also approached the Court of Appeal on the same matter for which a decision was also taken. This is not about me.

Over the years as a resident of Lagos, did the compulsory restriction of movement help to achieve cleaner environment?

Those were the arguments before the court. I had said that there was no need to restrict movement because it was not achieving anything. I gave examples of Saturdays when children use the opportunity to play football on the roads. There are existing LAWMA and PSP operators that we pay monthly to carry out the task. If I am paying for it, why do you then restrict my movement? It is double jeopardy. Restricting movement of pregnant women and other sick people was too much and it was not achieving the purpose for which it was set to achieve.

Credit: The Punch

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You can’t stop Tinubu’s presidential ambition, Ajomale blasts Miyetti Allah’s leader, others

You can’t stop Tinubu’s presidential ambition, Ajomale blasts Miyetti Allah’s leader, others

No group can stop Tinubu’s presidential ambition –Ajomale

Bola Tinubu

Former Chairman, Lagos State chapter of All Progressives Congress (APC), Chief Henry Ajomale has said that no group can stop the presidential ambition of the national leader of the ruling party, Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu. In this interview with TUNDE THOMAS, Ajomale spoke on various issues.

How would you react to the declaration by the National President, Miyetti Allah Kautal Hore, Alhaji Abdullahi Bodejo that the APC National Leader, Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu will not be President of Nigeria in 2023?

Who is Bodejo? Is Bodejo God that he should be making that kind of declaration? Only God knows tomorrow. Bodejo is going too far by trying to play God. What Bodejo should realize is that if God has destined it that Tinubu will be President of Nigeria in 2023, one million Bodejos of this world can’t stop it. Who even knows what will happen between now and 2023; it is only God. Bodejo’s statement is not only reckless but also very unfortunate.

The Miyetti Allah leader further claimed that Tinubu is an old man, and that he may be older than President Buhari. He further said that Tinubu is not a Yoruba leader.

Why is Bodejo so obsessed with Tinubu? Why is he talking about the man like that? I believe Bodejo perhaps has a hidden agenda against Tinubu, if not, he would not have become or speaking so bitterly about Tinubu.

But like I said earlier, Bodejo is not God, and he can’t act God. What Bodejo should realize is that it is Tinubu’s constitutional right to aspire for any political office in the country including the Presidency. It is now left for Bodejo to vote or not to vote for him. Bodejo has only one vote. It is Nigerians that will determine Tinubu’s fate if he has such an agenda.

But Tinubu has even declared recently that his pre-occupation for now is to support President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration in its plan to take Nigeria to the Next Level. Tinubu said that 2023 is not on his agenda for now, so why is Bodejo so concerned about Tinubu? Bodejo is a busy-body, he is crying more than the bereaved.

Rather than worrying himself and having sleepless nights over Tinubu, Bodejo’s headache should be how to stop the senseless killings of innocent Nigerians by herdsmen. Bodejo should first put his own house in order before he starts dabbling into other people’s affairs. I expect Bodejo as the national president of Miyetti Allah to be sober and apologetic to Nigerians for the havoc being wreaked by the herdsmen instead of talking on politics, and attacking individuals. I implore Nigerians to ignore Bodejo and his rantings on Tinubu. Tinubu will not be distracted by his vituperations as Tinubu is focused and determined to continue giving his support to President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration.

On the issue of his claim that Tinubu is not a Yoruba leader, what’s your take on that?

That’s his own view, but there is no controversy about it, and the fact still remains that today as we are speaking, Tinubu is our leader, not only that, he is also a Yoruba leader, and his leadership is recognised and acceptable to the Yoruba.

On whether he was able to get only 50 percent of Yoruba votes for Buhari during the last general elections, that’s not the issue, the fact remains that he delivered Southwest for President Muhammadu Buhari, and the APC.

In a recent interview, former Minister for Works, Senator Adeseye Ogunlewe claimed that APC has been winning elections in Lagos State since 1999 through manipulations, rigging and that Asiwaju Tinubu has moles within PDP who are on his pay roll, what’s your reaction to that?

Ogunlewe is a failed politician, and he is very bitter that Tinubu has been flooring him and other PDP leaders like Bode George and Kofo Bucknor-Akerele.

I have been with Tinubu since 1999, and not only that, I have also been part of the system and took active part in every election in the state since that time. Tinubu is a democrat who detests rigging. He believes in selling the party’s manifesto to Lagosians starting from the days of Alliance for Democracy, AD through the period when the party metamorphosed into ACN and now APC.

Lagosians love Tinubu and the parties namely AD, ACN and APC and that’s why they have always been voting for the party.

Ogunlewe was once with us in AD, and it was during that time that he was elected as a senator on the party’s platform. But when he crossed over to PDP, his political career diminished and since that time, he had never won any election in Lagos State. Since Ogunlewe joined PDP, he has become politically irrelevant to the extent that he can’t even win his own polling unit, not to talk of his ward. Ogunlewe has even become a liability to PDP in Lagos State. He has no electoral value again. If it is true that Tinubu and APC are rigging elections in Lagos State, then why has Ogunlewe been unable to win any election since he joined PDP? Since he was one of us before, the assumption is that he would have mastered the art of rigging from Tinubu and AD. Ogunlewe should not be taken serious.

By attacking Tinubu, Ogunlewe is biting the hands that fed him. It was through the grace of Tinubu that he was elected a senator, and since he left AD, Ogunlewe has become a spent force in politics,

How can he compare himself with Tinubu? There is no basis for comparison, even in Ogunlewe’s ward, he can’t get 10 people to follow him whereas millions of Lagosians will troop out to follow Tinubu if the two of them are to engage in a test of popularity on Lagos road.

Ogunlewe should face reality; PDP is dead in Lagos State. Lagosians love APC and the party’s programmes. Lagosians like how APC has turned Lagos State into Centre of Excellence, and that’s why Lagosians have been voting for the party and Tinubu since 1999.

On his allegations that Tinubu’s private company, Alpha Beta is siphoning funds from Lagos State government through the Internally Generated Revenue, IGR that it collects for the state government, what’s your take on that?

Tinubu should be commended for boosting the IGR in Lagos State when he was the governor of the state between 1999 – 2007. Before then, the state’s IGR was very poor. But through his political brilliance, sagacity, and ingenuity, Tinubu boosted the IGR, and other governors that followed him sustained it, and that is why Lagos State has been able to have the money to embark on many monumental projects that have transformed the state. This is why many people have continued to refer to Tinubu as the builder of modern Lagos State. Tinubu laid a solid foundation which others have been building upon till today. But what can Ogunlewe point at as his achievements or contributions to the development of Lagos State? Nothing. I’m publicly challenging him to mention anything he achieved for Lagos. When Ogunlewe was Minister for Works when he was supposed to be attracting projects to Lagos State, he didn’t do so. Rather, he was blocking projects that were supposed to be allocated to Lagos State. Not only that, many would remember that it was during the period when he was Minister for Works that he brought hoodlums and thugs to be disrupting free flow of traffic on Lagos roads. He was actively involved in this show of shame. To me and many others, Ogunlewe was a disgrace to Lagos State when he was a minister because Lagos State didn’t benefit anything from his tenure as a minister.

Ogunlewe should stop linking Tinubu with woes in PDP in Lagos State. PDP in Lagos State has always been a house divided against itself. PDP in Lagos State has always been like a flock without a shepherd. Even on the eve of the recent general elections, the former Lagos State PDP chairman, Moshood Salvador with his exco members defected en masse to APC, and you refer to PDP in the state as a party. There is no PDP in Lagos State, but just a group of confused elements parading themselves as politicians.

What’s your assessment of the recent general elections?

The election was okay, and I believe we should commend INEC and even President Muhammadu Buhari.

Unlike what happened when PDP was in power when rigging and manipulations were the order of the day, the ruling party APC lost some states. If it were to be before, this would have been unthinkable. This is why I believe President Buhari should be commended. We all knew what happened when the apostles of do-or-die politics in PDP were in power.

The deployment of the military for the polls has been condemned by some people …….

The deployment of the military was to forestall breakdown of law and order. It was aimed at protecting lives and properties. We could see how hoodlums and thugs unleashed violence in some places. If not for the military, the situation could have degenerated.

Election is supposed to be a civil affair, but the way some people take it as a matter of life and death, they are so desperate to win at all costs and in order to actualise their ambition, they hire thugs and hoodlums not only to disrupt the voting exercise but also to attack their opponents, but government can’t allow anarchists to hold the nation to ransom, and this is why military is there to keep peace.

President Buhari was declared the winner of the presidential election, by the INEC but his main challenger, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar of PDP has gone to court to challenge his victory, what’s your reaction to that?

Atiku is fighting a lost battle. Although it is his constitutional right to go to court, but I see nothing coming out of the case. Atiku is wasting his time. President Buhari beat him hands down. The margin was so wide. Let Atiku continue with his case while President Buhari forges ahead with his plan to take Nigeria to the Next Level.

One thing again is this, the court case Atiku brought against Buhari and APC is now leading to some issues unheard of before like the issue of Atiku’s country of origin. Although Atiku is claiming to be a Nigerian but what I know is that those who made the allegations that he is a Cameroonian wouldn’t have done so without having their facts. The onus is on Atiku to provide incontrovertible evidence that he is truly a Nigerian. Atiku will not be the first politician to be so accused of. In the 2nd Republic, Alhaji Abdurahman Shugaba, a politician from Borno State was deported to Chad after allegations were made against him that he was a Chadian but he denied the allegations and he was later brought back to Nigeria when he eventually showed proofs of his Nigerian citizenship. Let Atiku also provide concrete evidence that he is not a Cameroonian otherwise, many will continue to doubt his claims of being a Nigerian.

I implore President Buhari not to be distracted by Atiku’s case, he should continue with the good work he has been doing to transform Nigeria. It is easier for people to forget easily. Many Nigerians have short memory; if only they could remember the rot and the mess PDP put Nigeria into before Buhari took over in 2015.

President Buhari is doing his best. He is not a magician. It is not easy to transform Nigeria overnight especially after 16 years of PDP bad leadership. I enjoin Nigerians to continue supporting Buhari’s administration to enable him achieve his goals of restoring Nigeria’s lost glory.

Credit: The Sun

News Headlines Apr 24, 2019. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

News Headlines Apr 24, 2019. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

Compiled by Demola Adefajo

The Punch

Health sector crisis: Patients sleep on bare floors, battle mosquitoes in teaching hospitals
My generation has failed Nigerians, says Soyinka
We expect every state to pay minimum wage – Presidency
Jilted lover sets girlfriend’s family members ablaze, kills five
Nigeria needs struggle, not restructuring – Osoba
Nigeria’s N24tn debt still sustainable, FG insists
Lagos policemen lament non-payment of election duty allowances
10 bandits killed while shooting at NAF fighter jets
Six feared killed in Ogun cult clash
Iniesta named captain at Vissel Kobe
Driving without shoes has health hazards
Addide manager forges NYSC certificate, defrauds supermarket of N7m
We expect every state to pay minimum wage – Presidency
IG orders arrest of hoodlums for beating up policemen
Bini people are strangers in Lagos, says Awori group
If the north holds on to power
Divorcee alleges sexual harassment, assault by IG’s squad
Buhari expresses sadness over Gombe deaths
Alcohol shops reopen in Mosul two years after its recapture from IS
Baba Suwe not dead, says Latin
Dogara hits back at Tinubu over budget padding comment
Election petitions hit 766 as 77 panels get set for hearings
Oyetola v Adeleke: PDP rejects appeal tribunal member
Sanwo-Olu expresses confidence in election tribunal
PDP rejects supplementary polls in Ajeromi/Ifelodun constituency
Nigeria’s N24tn debt still sustainable, FG insists
NCC declares 95.7 million subscribers’ SIM registration invalid
Olam offers to buy Dangote Flour for N130bn
NERC issues permits to meter providers of four Discos
Firm sues NCDMB, ExxonMobil for local content laws violation
500 security operatives graduate from Academy Halogen
Iniesta named captain at Vissel Kobe
Milner backs Man Utd to beat City
City trip to United not scary – Guardiola
U-17 AFCON: Eaglets battle Guinea for final ticket
Gladiators camp moves to Abuja
New media officers for national teams
BBNaija’s BamBam celebrates 30 yrs; gets car gift from fans
Hollywood celebrates the finale of ‘Avengers’ movies
Editorial: Zamfara, go for gold
In defence of Wale Babalakin
N30,000 new minimum wage: Matters arising
The malaria scourge

The Nation

Six feared killed in cult clash in Ogun
A Black Market For Pollution
Buhari to Goje, Ndume: Lawan is APC’s candidate
Anti-graft battle: It’s no longer business as usual, says Soyinka
Weak revenue profile ‘hindering budget operation’
766 petitions filed at 77 election tribunals
EFCC holds Jonathan’s associate King Turner
Buhari to inaugurate 820 buses, MMIA Road, Oshodi interchange, others today
Path to a people’s constitution
Elite scum and other abstraction
Establishing new varsity in Buhari’s name a disaster – ASUU
Buhari woos Qatar on investments, recharge of Lake Chad
Fayemi inaugurates first Hike Ekiti Mountains
Retirees to Ambode: pay our terminal benefits
Terrorism war is complex, says Buratai
Dogara challenges Tinubu to provide facts on padded budget
Rivers lawmakers ratify suspension of 12 council chairmen
Nigerian leaders urged on developmental legacy
Niger APC, leaders ditch Bago for Gbajabiamila, Lawan
How IRT operatives were attacked in Ogoja
2,000 benefits from Easter outreach
Police warn officers against misuse of weapons in Oyo
Woman wakes up from 27-year coma
Sanwo-Olu files defence at Election Petitions Tribunal
I won’t be a benchwarmer in the Senate, says Senator-elect
Kano: Ganduje and challenges of second term
Adeleke: Two years after
Akpabio’s legal team finally inspects election materials
Kwara Assembly stops new govt. from dissolving LG councils
I want to enjoy myself against Fan Zhendong, says Aruna Quadri
Eagles, Falconets, others get media officers
U17 Nations cup semis: forget about past victories Manu warns Eaglets
Africa still has chance to bid for World Championships, says ITTF
Abuja bubbles for FCV Gladiators Football Camp
Sterling wants harsher punishment to tackle racism
Business
EFInA, British High Commission give $2m to FinTech winners
NCC: pre-register SIM card, bag 25-year jail
Emerging outlook of banking sector
SEC, Pencom collaborate on financial literacy
Lloyds chief gives up final salary pension perk
Glo attracts over 400,000 new users
Six feared killed in cult clash in Ogun
25-year-old accused of stealing
Over 50, 0000 tricycle operators join NURTW
Man charged with beating up policeman
Suspected shoplifter faces theft charge
Pastor arraigned for ‘defrauding’ woman
Fire destroys goods on Easter Sunday
Man ‘kills, dries’ bodies with chemicals
I’m timeless, says Omoni Oboli
Maltina thrill fans with AY Live and Laff Mattaz
Mo Abudu encourages women to have CoolSculpting
Teddy A: Bambam and I have been through a lot together
Silver Fox unveils N2b entertainment spot
Glo makes Easter memorable at Warri with Bovi Man on Fire
Elite scum and other abstraction
Editorial: Standardise, don’t mushroom

ThisDay
S’Court Backs BI-Courtney, AMCON to Pay N132bn
APC Governors Rally Support for Lawan, Meet Senators-elect
High Demand Triggers Increase in Air Fares
Golden Eaglets Tackle Guinea in Fierce S’final Duel
Expert Seeks Increased Awareness on Multi-fund Investment Structure
UBA Shareholders Approve N29bn Dividend, Applaud Performance
Experts Promote Digital Financial Services
Changing NAF’s Capacity, Service Delivery Narrative
PDP Rejects Oyewole’s Gov Election Appeal Panel Membership
• It’s not true, says Appeal Court
Dogara Fires Back, Says Tinubu is Ignorant
Rubber Farmers Lament Exclusion from FG’s Loans
High Demand Triggers Increase in Air Fares
At 19%, Nigeria’s Borrowing-to-GDP Still Low, FG Insists
• Says no plan to remove fuel subsidy
Nigeria’s Unending Fuel Subsidy Debate
Williams: Chams’ Restructuring Exercise Has Paid Off
Dow Separates from DowDuPont
INDIA’S HUGE GENERAL ELECTION
Walking a Tightrope in Nasarawa
Black Day for Head of Nigeria’s Judiciary
Expert Seeks Increased Awareness on Multi-fund Investment Structure
UBA Shareholders Approve N29bn Dividend, Applaud Performance
Experts Promote Digital Financial Services
Golden Eaglets Tackle Guinea in Fierce S’final Duel
MOC for 20th National Sports Festival Inaugurated
Suleiman Scoops IBB Captain’s Cup Gross Prize
Nigeria Berths Q’finals at All Africa Badminton Championships
Old Trafford Holds no Fears for Guardiola
Tiger’s Challenge to End Early for Presidents Cup Travel
More Plaudits for Oduduru over National 200m Record
Ayinor, Randa, Omorogbe, Others Appointed Media Officers

Daily Trust

Buhari rallies Qatar on refineries, Lake Chad, others
FG launches eleven policies on reproductive health, others
Kajuru attack: FG assures of adequate security nationwide
Zamfara: Air Force kills bandits at Sububu forest
IGP orders manhunt of suspects over attack on policemen
Lake Chad: Buhari, UN Sec-Gen to co-chair special session to raise $50bn
Life Xtra Live TV: Should a woman ask a man to date or marry her?
Declare our candidate winner of Lagos constituency poll now, PDP tells INEC
Emir of Qatar departs Villa
President Buhari to unveil new aircraft during Air Force 55th anniversary
FG launches eleven policies on reproductive health, others
Kajuru attack: FG assures of adequate security nationwide
PoliticsSee More
Speakership: Dogara, loyalists in fix over Gbajabiamila
Plateau NASS members reject Maje, endorse Lawan, Gbajabiamila
…Bago loses home support as Niger APC, others back Gbajabiamila, Lawan
Team Nigeria in bright start at Nations Beach Volleyball Championships
Sylvester, Imeh chase better outing at GSL Open
Nigeria, Guinea tango for U-17 AFCON final slot
95m subscribers have invalid SIM data – NCC
Our borrowing still at 19% to GDP – Finance minister
Singapore’s Olam to buy Dangote Flour Mills
Church offers free medical outreach to Abuja residents
Easter: FCT residents hang out with family members, friends
Hunger forced me into snatching motorcycle – Suspect
The Taiwan formula
The return of Tiger Woods
No lessons from Mali
Buhari’s final impression cabinet
The two-hour escape
SOUTH AFRICA: Mudslides, flooding kill 32 in Durban
UNITED STATES: Border militia training to assassinate Obama – FBI
United Arab Emirates: Woman wakes up after 27 years in a coma
Navy arrests 7 suspects, seizes 470 bags of contraband rice
Man, 55, remanded over rape of 12-year-old stepdaughter
Mob kills suspected kidnapper in Katsina
Heatwave hits Borno, Kano, Adamawa, Katsina, others
Editorial: Justice Mamman Nasir [1929-2019]
See courses, categories eligible for customs recruitment
NNN pensioners decry alleged refusal of PTAD to pay backlog of arrears
ASUU blasts FG, First Lady over proposed Muhammadu Buhari University
Plateau tertiary institutions begin indefinite strike
2019 UTME: JAMB records 390 blind candidates, arrest 100 exam cheats nationwide
Yemi Alade, Rick Ross collaborate on ‘Oh My Gosh’ remix
Nigeria has uphill task in pollution control — Nnimmo Bassey
Eko Hotels drives eco-friendly campaign with tree planting
Justice ministry, CSOs strengthen monitoring of recovered loot

The Sun
9th Senate: Crack in APC widens
Dogara to Tinubu: You are wrong on NASS
It’s insult to sideline South East in leadership of ninth National Assembly – Igbo youths
Malawi, 1st nation to use malaria vaccine to immunise kids, says UN
Buhari visits Lagos, commissions Ambode’s projects today
Police brutality, extortion worse in South East –NHRC
Boko Haram, herdsmen: Buhari has failed on security –Soyinka
Man, wife, son set ablaze in Anambra
Court orders Navy to produce detained hotelier
Badeh: Why we’re still detaining security details, others -DHQ
IGP orders arrest, prosecution of attackers of police officers in Cross River
Enugu CP nabs 4 cops over extortion
Politics
Osun guber: PDP rejects inclusion of Oyewole in appeal panel
Osun guber: Battle rages as court hears Oyetola’s appeal today
New minimum wage law and NASS’ intervention
Buhari’s cabinet: Plateau north jostles for ministerial slot
Rights group tasks INEC on access to election materials
Buhari, Emir of Qatar discuss investment opportunities in power, transport, oil
FAAN to shut 9 airports over debts
UBA shareholders approve 65 kobo final dividend
NSE ASI up 0.01%
Olam International to buy Dangote Flour Mills for N130bn
U-17 AFCON: Nigeria, Guinea tango in semifinal
IOC condemns “heinous and cowardly” bombings in Sri Lanka
Ex sports minister, Abdulahi commends Oduduru, Ogba
NOC concludes sports management course
Finidi insists Eagles can win 2019 AFCON
Nwakaeme named player of the week in Turkey
Iwobi in trouble as Emery plans sale of 7 stars
GOtv Boxing Night 18: Adeyemi wins N1m Best Boxer prize
Semifinalists emerge in Neros/Anambra FA Cup
Onazi backs Trabzonspor for Europa League spot
Solskjaer: My players have Man United DNA
NNPC/Shell mini basketball fiesta hots up in Lagos
Yemi Alade, Rick Ross collaborate on ‘Oh My Gosh’ remix
The needless tussle over Project MINE
Your health is in your hands: Dettol’s Clean Naija mantra
Profile of Washington’s attitude to cyber security
The judicial lynching of Justice Onnoghen
Thompson Usiyan and the return of Asabatex fc
GSM: You take, not pick, calls
Ex sports minister, Abdulahi commends Oduduru, Ogba
NOC concludes sports management course
Nwakaeme named player of the week in Turkey
GOtv Boxing Night 18: Adeyemi wins N1m Best Boxer prize
Unemployment: Nigerian youths take over betting
Fake operators turn orphanage to cash cow
Evil storm kills 3, destroys property as residents lament
Day Abuja made case for limbless children

Tribune

UN Secretary-General to co-chair fundraising session for Lake Chad
Adesina meets Buhari, says AfDB invests $4.5b in Nigeria
640 new words, meanings add to Merriam-Webster English dictionary
Atiku’s citizenship: APC not sincere about claim ― Falana
NAFDAC raises alert over falsified anti-hypertension drug
Reps okay Bill to name Federal University Oye-Ekiti after late Gen. Adebayo to second reading
Foreign Ministry condemns killing of British aid worker in Kaduna
Speakership: I am qualified, competent to lead House of Reps ― Onyejeocha
Bisi Fayemi admonishes youths on good reading culture
Abiola Makinde, Rhoda Makinde, others Bag Doctorate Degrees
Police officer, 40 others arrested for dumping refuse on Osun roads
Four policemen arrested over alleged extortion in Enugu
Man in court for allegedly beating up policeman
Businessman ordered to cut grass for 7 days for disrespecting court
Fraudulent SIM registration operators to get 25-year jail term ― NCC
UBA Plc shareholders approve, commend subsidiary performance
SEC partners PenCom to boost financial literacy
FMBN increases disbursements by N52bn in two years
Will Ndume, loyalists draw Buhari out for ninth Senate?
Scrambling for ministerial positions in Kwara
Religious leaders, as watchdogs, should speak truth to power…
Yemi Alade, Rick Ross collaborate on ‘Oh My Gosh’ remix
Hollywood celebrates finale of ‘Avengers’ movies
Teddy A writes emotional message for Bambam at 30
How to be the cynosure of all eyes
Without acting or make-up, the world would be boring
Rock monochrome with bold ankara patterns this Easter
How to keep love aglow in marriage (I
UBA Plc shareholders approve, commend subsidiary performance
SEC partners PenCom to boost financial literacy
IS claims responsibility for Sri Lanka bombings

Leadership

NAF To Acquire 18 Fighter Jets
Hope Rises As UN Offers To Raise $50bn For Lake Chad
BudgIT Knocks Cross River Over 180-year Railway Debt
19 Die In Jigawa Auto Crash
Sanwo-Olu Files Defence Against Election Petition
Election Petition Cases Rise To 776
Revisiting Issues In Rivers Gov’ship Poll
Banditry, Politics And Changing Narratives In Zamfara
Polls: PDP Rejects Justice Oyewole’s Inclusion In Osun Appeal Panel
NIBSS Recorded 28.2m Transactions On PoS In March
Bitcoin Aims For $6,000 As Volume Of Trade In Nigeria Dips
NCAA Threatens To Pull Down Over 7,000 Telcos Masts
Our Borrowing Still At 19% To GDP, Low Compared To Ghana, Brazil, Others – Finance Minister
U-17 AFCON: Nigeria, Guinea Tango In Fierce Semifinal Class
Man City’s Sterling Wants Harsher Punishment To Tackle Racism
I’m Still Alive, Baba Suwe Dispels Death Rumours

The Guardian

Fresh outrage over Tinubu’s comments on National Assembly
Anxiety as Lagos shuts down for Buhari’s visit
NCC declares 63.2 per cent SIM registrations invalid
Uncompleted projects slated for commissioning during Buhari’s Lagos visit
FG vows to prosecute perpetrators of Kajuru attacks
Nigeria, Saudi Arabia meet to boost refineries, pipelines, others
‘Nigeria needs cost effective tariff for steady power supply’
Man confesses to killing seven persons, drying victims with chemicals in Ibadan
Buratai talks tough on terrorism, banditry
Messi rested as win over Alaves edges Barca closer to the title
Solskjaer warns United will have to wait for next Premier League title
From the land of warriors, Joshua, Adesanya rule boxing world
Guardiola hits backs at Solskjaer’s ‘tactical’ fouling jibe
Anthony Joshua’s new opponent to emerge this week
Nigeria battles Guinea for African U-17 Nations Cup final ticket today
Much ado about Tinubu and 2023 political orchestra
Politics of Lagos projects’ commissioning by Buhari
Game Of Thrones “Power Is Power” Video BTS Is Here
WhatsApp New Feature Prevents Taking Screenshots Of Private Chat

Reopening the unfortunate case of the Nigerian Police
Editorial: University teachers and 2019 elections
Atiku Abubakar: A Nigerian by referendum?
Golden opportunity for a growing continent
At last the ‘oracles’ broke overdue silence
Labourers of tomorrow
NCAA issues ultimatum, marks over 7000 masts for demolition
MAN seeks removal of barriers to industrialisation
Lagos alone contributed 70% of Nigeria’s N5.2tr tax revenue
All concessioned terminals are ISPS Code compliant, says STOAN
Nigeria to add 32m new subscribers by 2025
Facebook tasks regulators, governments on stronger privacy, data rules
DELL EMC hinges business efficiency on technology
ARM offers DAAYTA winner N12m seed funding, others

Vanguard

Atanda-Owo: How My First Million Changed My Orientation
El-Zakzaky: We’re Not At Odds With Buhari Govt – Shi’ites
AfDB Invests $258m On Rehabilitation Of Damaged Infrastructural Facilities In N/East – Adesina
NaijaSecCon Cybersecurity Conference Returns To Nigeria
How To End Militarisation Of Elections (2)
UNIBEN Students Protest Lecturers’ Strike Over Non Payment Of Allowances
Buhari And The Conundrum Of Our Security Challenge
APC Suspension: Akeredolu Dashes To Lagos To Make Peace With Tinubu
Electricity: Nigeria Needs Cost Effective Tariff – AfDB
Premiership: Evangelist Foresees Liverpool Winning The Premier League
Dogara Intervenes As Abia Rep, Abonta Opposes Bill To Establish Federal Polytechnic In Aba
Democracy Won’t Solve All Our Problems Without Socio-Economic Restructuring
Alleged Budget Padding: Dogara Slams Tinubu
Kidnapping: Katsina Resident Foil Attack, Kill Gang Member
Akpabio’s Legal Team Resumes Inspection Of Election Materials
New Cabinet: Buhari In Dilemma Over Akwa Ibom’s Slot
Heavy Storm Kills 21 In South Africa
How to end militarisation of elections (2)
Buhari and the conundrum of our security challenge
Democracy won’t solve all our problems without socio-economic restructuring
My next administration will pay more attention to health, education- Buhari
Dealing decisively with hate speech culprits
Olam International offers N130bn for Dangote Flour Mill
Akeredolu’s Suspension: Tinubu, Gov’s aides trade brickbats
A-Court replies PDP, says Justice Oyewole not on Osun Gov Appeal Panel
Premiership: Evangelist foresees Liverpool winning the Premier league
German Cup: Forsberg, Poulsen fire Leipzig to first final
Southampton’s Shane Long scores fastest goal in Premier League history
NFF appoints media officers for National Teams
Manchester Derby: Old Trafford holds no fears for Guardiola
Coming face-to-face with your ex after the breakup!
The husband who left his young marriage for an older woman!
BBNaija’s BamBam celebrates 30 yrs; gets car gift from fans
Comedian warns celebrities to desist from fake lifestyles
Teddy A goes emotional for Bambam at 30
Awon Boyz: Tolu Itegboje sheds light on life of Area Boys in Nigeria
GidiFest 2019: Shina Peters, Patoranking, others shut down 6th edition of Gidifest,Nigeria’s biggest music festival
Bitumen leads import chart
Kidnapping: Katsina resident foil attack, kill gang member
UNIBEN students protest lecturers’ strike over non payment of allowances
NaijaSecCon cybersecurity conference returns to Nigeria
War against pneumonia: Protect your children during rainy season, Expert tells parents

Basing Teachers’ Promotion on Students’ Exam Results Promotes Malpractice –  SM Adekanye

Basing Teachers’ Promotion on Students’ Exam Results Promotes Malpractice – SM Adekanye

The Late S.M Adekanye

The death has been announced of a retired Director of Education and Principal in the Lagos State Ministry of Education, Mr S.M Adekanye. He breathed his last on Wednesday, March 20 2019.
A teacher, an author and examiner of English Language, Adekanye was respected for his forthrightness and commitment to duty.
It is indeed a great loss for the education community in Lagos State.
He once granted Demola Adefajo’s Blog (DAB) an exclusive interview where he bared his mind on many issues.
The interview is reproduced below for your pleasure.

.
Mr S.M. AdebisiAdekanye is a retired Director of Education who took his bow out of the teaching service in 2013 spoke with our correspondent on a number of issues impinging on education- examination malpractice, sexual harassment, failure in English Language, discipline in school and a host of others.
Enjoy the interview
How did the journey start?
I am Mr SM AdebisiAdekanye.
I started as an ordinary teacher in 1980. I started as a teacher of English Language and English Literature at Anwar-ul-Islam College Agege in the HSC classes and Class five. That’s where I started. After some time I became the head of department of English Language and Literature. I left the school in 1990. I was posted to Lagos Baptist College, OkeOdo. I spent few months there before I was transferred to Yewa High School, Agege in the same year. I was in Yewa High School as he Vice Principal of the school from 1990 to 1999. I was posted to FESTAC College, AmuwoOdofin as the Deputy Principal in 1999. I spent just a month there. I was posted to St Joseph Secondary School, Agege, where I also served as the Deputy Principal from 1999 to 2001 when the schools were handed over to the original owners. From there I went to IjaiyeOjokoro as the Deputy Principal.
After that I came to Millennium Secondary School, Egbeda in 2002 as the Principal of the school. I was there till 2007 when I was moved to Alimoso Senor Grammar School, Alimoso as the Principal. Then in October 2010, I was transferred to Lagos Model College, Meiran as the Principal. I was there till June 26, 2013 when I retired from the service.

Factors responsible for bad results in English Language
The factors are many. Let me start with the students. The students are not properly groomed in the subject. The subject is very demanding. From the school level, the students should write essays, do comprehension passages, do summary. Then we have the objectives and Test of Orals and Lexis and Structure. All these should be done within a week. But the Essay area is the only area the child would be asked to write something for someone to interpret. So the student should be properly groomed. If he can write a good essay, there is no way he would not be able to handle the other aspects.
As for the teachers: the teachers’ knowledge and enthusiasm. Don’t let me use the word knowledge. The enthusiasm in teaching the subject is low. From the beginning they find the subject a burdensome subject, very engrossing and demanding. And then if it is the lazy type, he or she would not be able to do what is expected of him or her. There are two categories of students. Those from educationally enriched background, from literate homes and those from homes where the parents do not have deep knowledge of English Language. The students from the homes where the parents don’t have deep knowledge of the subject and government bad policies worsen the situation. Eventually, the students record low marks.
These are the basic issues.
Let me pick the example of a public secondary school. If you give them an essay topic, before you can come across a student who can score 22 over 50 in essay writing then such a student must be a brilliant student. Most of them score between 12 and 18 in essay. The paper 1 carries 100 marks. Essay: 50, Comprehension: 20, Summary: 30. If a candidate scores 12 or 15 over 50 in Essay, if he is not properly groomed, he would not be able to respond properly in Comprehension. So in all, maybe he manages to scores between 30 and 35 in paper 1. The Objective is 80 questions which may boil down to 20 marks eventually. Then you get to test of orals, 15 marks. So the Paper 1 is the Paper that can do and undo the candidate. It carries the greater proportion of the marks. But a child that does not have control over the subject would just mess up everything and it would bog down to F9.
The problems are many. The problems are with the students themselves, the teachers and even the government.
The role of the government
The government is to create an enabling environment for teaching and learning. Then the government has to go about the training and retraining the teachers. Training and retraining the teachers is not just bringing ideas not relevant to the environment. It is a question of teaching them basic things like how to write good essays, how they will go about their comprehension, how they will go about their summary passages. If a teacher has control on all these areas, there is no way the child would fail. Even if the child is from educationally disadvantaged background, it doesn’t matter. The grading is from A1 to C6. He can at least get C6.
But if the teacher is not properly equipped in these areas, the students would find it difficult to pass. That is why the government should train and retrain. They should not stop training teachers. If they want to train, they should look for relevant resource people. People who have gone through the educational system, who have been involved in marking of scripts and who actually know the demands of English Language syllabus. When all these are lacking, there is no way the student can pass English Language. Like I have said earlier, in a public school before you can come across a student who will score 40 over 100 is a difficult task.
Teachers not being examiners
As a teacher you should attend the coordination even if you are not going to mark. You should acquire the experience because the schemes vary from year to year. If a teacher is not conversant with all these things, he won’t know the right thing expected of him. For example, today in Paper 1 we have the essay, comprehension and summary. Most of the time they have been giving the students stories to react to in comprehension and summary. In essay, they ask the students to write personal letters. Most of the time they write stories that are not relevant fit into requirements. A teacher has to be conversant with all these things. When the teacher is not conversant, there is no way he can impart the needed knowledge.
Discipline of students
Discipline will break down in schools because in the home too it is not observed. The parents don’t insist on discipline. If a child is from a disciplined home, he would transfer it to the school. Maintaining discipline in schools is a very difficult area because of certain cases coming out of disciplining students. Government encroachment has been too much. Discipline in the school is necessary. It is the strength of every school. With disciplines school and disciplined administration you will have a very disciplined school. But discipline has failed in the society and at homes. It is very difficult to maintain it except you are the stubborn Principal who appreciates the necessity of discipline in the school setting. Even then, as a human being there are times you can make a mistake. If you don’t device a means of maintaining discipline it may be very difficult. Discipline is essential in the school but very difficult.
It is for the smooth running of the administration if students will comport themselves and be orderly.

When you misfire as an administrator you are in trouble. Disciplined and orderly school is essential for smooth administration and learning. When you get to a disciplined school you think you are in a graveyard. Everything is silent. Everybody is minding his or her business. It is quiet with no disturbance or students roaming about. Everybody will be seated and teaching and learning would be going on well. And the students will not come to school late.
When you want to maintain that as a Principal some of your teachers would be rebellious. They will consider it to be too harsh. The government is not helping matters. Parents are also not helping matters. Most of the young parents don’t beat their children at home. During our own time our parents beat us at home. So it was not strange if you were beaten at school. Even if you were bruised nobody would care. But these days the young parents would not want to beat their children and they would not want the teacher to beat their children.
If you say punishment, you can give the child imposition. But these days it takes time. And the government is not encouraging suspension of students. If a child has gone beyond bounds, you just give him a week or two to stay at home with the parents and return when he is sober. Government restrictions have made things very difficult for school Principals. The Principals have no authority. He is the school Principal, but if he is not diplomatic, he can incur the wrath of the society, the government.

Experience with discipline of students as a Principal
What I was doing was to call a meeting of the parents before curbing the excesses of the students. I would put a notice, inviting the parents to discuss at length. For instance on late coming, I would tell the parents “your children have been coming late and it has been disturbing teaching and learning in the first period. what do we do?” If they say we should curb the lateness, we would then deliberate on how to curb the lateness. I would take suggestions from the parents. Mine would be to implement the suggestions. The reason is this: there are some parents who have access to the ministry. They would just go and tell some cock and bull story. Eventually, they would start worrying you. They (Ministry Officials) would not let you concentrate in school.
It is better to start with the parents and give the children grace of, maybe, two weeks to adjust. You tell them “we have resumed today. If you come late to school two weeks from now, you would be sanctioned”. It is as simple as that.
You see, you cannot discipline the students without the parents’ consents because some of them may not agree with you.
So that was the way I was going by it. I would first of all invite the parents and we discuss and reach resolution. Then the students would be given time to prepare. By the time the grace period expires he would have checked himself and put some things in order. Eventually, you would have very few of them would fall into that trap. There must be consultation.
And you as the Principal must be an embodiment of discipline. If you tell the students not to come late, you too should come to school early. By 7 to 7.30 you are already in the school. If you do that, the children will learn one or two things from you. But you cannot sit somewhere, doing something different and expect the students to behave well. It won’t work. If you want to curb staff lateness, you come early to school. You should be one of the first arrivals in the school.

Examination malpractice
The problem is that the students are not properly equipped for the examination. So they panic when they want to go and write the examination. They don’t exude that confidence expected of them. That is why they go all out to look for easy way out. That easy way out is examination malpractice. They look for ‘live’ questions, solicit for assistance of some corrupt teachers to assist them in the examination hall.
The first solution to examination malpractice is to prepare the children very well. If the child is very well prepared, half of the problem is already solved.
Then with the staff, all of them cannot be corrupt. You have one or two teachers you can trust who would not compromise. These are the teachers you choose to lead the invigilators. There would be more than two who are honest who would not tolerate malpractice. They are the people you make the chief invigilators for each paper. Some of the teachers, the young teachers especially, collect money. They would even collect money for even tests,
Prepare the children well and you will need some disciplined and honest teachers who will invigilate.
So if you have the honest teachers leading the invigilation, the deviant ones cannot do anything. If they want to do anything unusual they would be curbed.
Involvement of school Principals in examination malpractice
The pressure for that is from the government. When the school result is bad they indict them. In their meetings they say all sorts of uncomplimentary things about such schools as if the school is not being properly manned, when such pressure is mounted on them, they will go to the extent of aiding and abetting. Promotion of the staff should not be based on the performance of the students. Once you do it like that, you are indirectly creating an atmosphere conducive for examination malpractice.

How have you been spending your retirement period?
I have been going round some schools, assisting them on the effective teaching of English Language. I want to establish a consultancy service where teachers would be trained in the teaching of certain subjects- English Language, Mathematics, Economics and some other subjects. The teachers would be trained by the best hands you can find in this country.

Sexual harassment in schools
I heard some cases like that. It is a very delicate matter. In the first instance, when something of that nature happens in the school the school would be divided. You would have some members of staff who would say no and others would say yes. Some would be supporting the accused teachers. That is why I say it is very delicate matter. If a teacher is using his position as teacher of students to be harassing those students sexually, the best thing to do as a Principal is to request for his transfer from that school. If he goes to another school and he does that, they also would agitate for his transfer. By the time he goes round about ten or twenty schools, he would eventually be sober

Teachers who write anonymous petitions
What you should do as a Principal is to have record of everything in the school. Some teachers want to operate in an atmosphere of confusion. They don’t like well-disciplined place where things are done in proper manner. I can give you one simple example: if at the end of every term, the Principal would call for the marks, the continuous assessment marks, have a copy with him and a copy with the teacher, and do that for all the test and take the pain to vet the CA marks and ensure they agree with what is in the marked scripts, teachers would find you very strict. Some would commend you. But those who live on collecting N500 from students and so forth would gang against the Principal and write their petitions
The Ministry of Education is operating a system I will call an absentee landlord. When the landlord is not living on the premises, anytime he comes and people tell him about some things going on he would consider all the tenants as being bad. And he would just be doing some things the tenants will not like. That is what they do in their investigation. They come for investigation. They don’t have their facts. If the person who wrote the petition has been able to make himself available, it would have been easy to investigate.
Some teachers basically are cowards. They can’t call a spade a spade. If you see that the Principal is doing something bad and come out with your facts, it would be very easy. It would solve a lot of problems. You see when the Ministry officials start their investigation, if you are not careful, innocent people would be brought to their investigation because they would mention their names somewhere. By the time you get to know they would start asking foolish questions. That is what I see in the whole idea of petition writing.
A Principal who would not be subjected to anonymous petition would be one who has given them the laxity to do whatever they like. Once the Principal is disciplined and say this is what I want for my school, a lot of the teachers would commend the Principal. But you would have three or four who would be very rebellious because they cannot operate in that atmosphere. So certainly they can write a petition against the Principal .
Life as a retiree
The entitlement was delayed. But it has eventually been paid. I am sorry to say one thing, Fashola’s government was basically an anti-pensioner’s government. His emphasis was on other development, neglecting the pensioners. Ambode has been very good to the pensioners. If he can continue to clear the backlog, once someone retires they can get their entitlements within three to four months. But once there is backlog there is no way you can pay someone who has just retired. It is very painful when you retire and you don’t have any means of livelihood. You were once collecting a salary and the salary was okay for you. But when you are retired you don’t have anything. Not even N5000. It is a big money to you. And you know you are growing. And this environment when you are growing all sorts of ailments would be emerging- diabetes, hypertension. All these things would start coming. That is the time you have to take good care of your health. And when you don’t have the financial wherewithal what do you do
My philosophy
I believe you should do your best and leave the rest to God

Religious Belief
It is a personal matter. I am not enthusiastic about religion. Not that I condemn religion but I have read a lot about what religion can cause in the society. Very bad people hide themselves under the cloak of religion and become hypocrites. So I am not so keen. Not that I don’t believe in God. But I am not so keen about religion.

My mother used to bribe me to attend school –Prof Lai Olurode

My mother used to bribe me to attend school –Prof Lai Olurode

Professor Lai Olurode

A professor of sociology, Lai Olurode, who is also a former National Commissioner of the Independent National Electoral Commission, tells ADEMOLA OLONILUA about his childhood and his time in the commission

Was it your dream as a child to become an academic?

Not really, I did not start life with such a dream. I would say that I am an accidental lecturer. I never liked going to school; I found going to school to be disgusting because I liked playing around. As a Muslim, when it was time for any of the festivals, I would desert school. My mother would bribe me with new clothes and I would go to school for a while and then return home. If it was the festival that requires we kill a ram, I would totally forget about school. I would be going from one house to another. So I would not say that I was one of the best pupils in my primary school days because I hated schooling. I liked going to parties and some of my mates called me a professional Master of Ceremonies because my English was fluent and I made use of highfalutin words whenever I was introducing people that would open the floor. I liked doing announcements at parties and at a point in my life; I used to organise parties called Askia Party. My nickname when I was in secondary school was Askia The Great, and later, Askia of the Songhai Empire. I loved to read history and commit things to memory so my friends gave me the nickname. The party was usually held on December 31. In those days, there were no problems between Muslims and Christians; we went to parties together. When we were done with church programmes for the day, we would go to our party. For decades, people looked forward to the party. I do not know how I attained that fame. To organise the party sometimes, I would get some money from my mother and some of my friends would contribute money because they always enjoyed the party. I was so good that people I never knew would be looking for me so that I could anchor their events.

As I advanced in my secondary school education, I noticed that I loved writing. I would type my work out and paste it around the school. With the write-ups, I critiqued the society, especially men who were fond of taking young women around. I can recall that one of them called me and asked me what I knew about girls for me to criticise what they did. I did not know the implication of what I was writing about but I just saw the old men as our competitors because they were competing with us when it came to the best girls in town at the time.

Were girls swooning over you at that point in your life?

Each time I remember that period, I feel somehow awkward. Sometimes I say that I wish I was better disciplined because it could be distracting. Girls used to come around and some of my friends and I had what it took to attract girls to us. However, we never did it at the expense of our studies; we did not abandon school and we took our reading very seriously. I think we wasted quite some time because to have girls around you required time. We did not need so many resources because the taste of ladies back then is not as high as the taste of ladies nowadays. It was not really expensive to move with girls. Some of us strayed and never became focused to become what they ought to become, while some of us had a narrow escape. That made us to be more vigilant as we were raising our children because it could be distracting.

You are a university professor today, what then was the turning point in your life as you said you did not like school and were organising parties?

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I think the turning point for me came when I was finishing my secondary school education. Most us wanted to become doctors, engineers or lawyers and we were well-trained because we attended the best schools. I went to Baptist High School, Iwo, Osun State. It is a very popular school. After finishing school, it dawned on us that we were growing and that we had to forge ahead in our education. Our parents were more desirous of good education and more concerned about us as regards our education. They wanted us to go beyond secondary school level. To us, the university was a new thing and we did not have a lot of people in the university because the best education the generation before us acquired was Nigeria Certificate in Education programme or Teachers Grade 2. There were not many role models for us. Somehow, our parents saw that the world would belong to people who acquired higher education.

When I got to the university, I did not know what course to study. Most of us wanted to study law, engineering or medicine but the examinations we took did not support the course we wanted to do, so most of us had to change our courses.

What was it like to grow up in what is now known as Osun State?

I used to go to the farm with my father. However, I doubt you would come across anyone from my place that had no dealings with cows. We were predominantly butchers. During my secondary school days, I used to go to Ile-Ife for my holidays. I used to follow a butcher, who I called master, to the slaughter slab. Even though he would ask me to leave, since I had my own knives, I would cut part of the cow meat that was not meant for the public consumption. It always surprised me that my uncle always drove me away from the slaughterhouse. He never wanted me to be a butcher. I made good money during my holidays and I also had meat. I used to put meat on my head and follow my master as we went from one community to the other. Sometimes, he would ask me to go and sell the meat and I dared not return without selling everything.

My mother was also a butcher in Iwo and she used to ask me to sell cow dung in Iwo because that was what people used for the flooring of their newly constructed houses. I was also a thrift collector and people trusted me. I remember a friend of mine gave me a bicycle and I repaired it. I used to move around with a lot of money and nothing happened to me because the country was very good. Although I dealt with adults, they trusted me even though I was very young at the time. The first collection I took on the first day was always for me, so I would add that to my savings, even though I was privileged to have a mother who had enough to take care of me.

How about your father?

All my father wanted me to become was an Arabic scholar; he wanted me to go to any university in Saudi Arabia to study the Arabic language and speak it fluently. That was my father’s wish. At that time in Iwo, people were not sure about western education because they saw it as a potential source of conversion. Some people who went to school got converted to Christianity along the line and Iwo was predominantly a Muslim community. The worst thing that could happen to a parent was for their child to be converted to another religion, so they guarded our religious beliefs jealously. Although my father supported my western education, he was not too keen about it. He would have supported me more if I had gone to an Arabic school. Although after school we always went for Arabic classes, that was not sufficient enough for him. Later on, he appreciated my western education even more than my mother. My father is literate only in Arabic and he can read and write. When I was in England, he would write me letters and send them via the post office. My mother could not write so sometimes, she would ask my father to write letters for her. There were times she would not want him to know the contents of the letters, so she would call any literate person to help her. She always had a pen and a notepad with her. She is still alive and till date, she is always with her pen and notepad. She did this so that whenever she saw any educated person, she would approach the person and ask them to write a letter for her. She also has envelopes with her all the time.

Is it right to assume that you were born with a silver spoon in your mouth because you travelled to England to further your education at a time when only a few people went to school?

I would say that it was a case of providence and stroke of luck. I was admitted to the University of Lagos in 1976 to study political science. I must confess I had never been to any university before then. I did not believe anyone in my family would attend a university and I was the first. I am not sure my parents understood what university education entailed but they just wanted me to further my education. Luckily, it rubbed off positively on my siblings because almost everyone acquired university education except the girls. The reason the girls did not go to school was because of the discrimination against their gender. They felt they would become spoilt if they went to school. When I got to the university, they said that there was no accommodation. I met some of my mates whom I had secondary school education with and one of them volunteered to accommodate me since he had a room. I went to the toilet and saw everything was sparkling white, very clean. I went back to my friend’s room and told him that I had found a room. Then he asked where the room was, so I led him to the toilet. I never knew it was a toilet because the place had no smell or odour. I also saw a table there but I did not know that it was meant for ironing clothes. My friend told me that it was not a room but a toilet, but I told him that I could still manage to stay there. Before I gained admission to school, I doubted if I had ever seen a water closet before because we did ‘shotput’ (throwing faeces wrapped in papers or polythene bags into the bush). There were not many pit latrines then.

When I got back home, my mother asked me what course I was studying at the university and I told her it was political science. She did not understand what it meant, so I translated it to her in Yoruba and immediately she remembered ‘Operation Wet E,’ in the 1960s and the killings that happened in my community and other places in the old Western Region. People were burnt alive in those days. If you recall what happened during the 1983 elections, there was so much violence and people really died. My mother did not want me to offer the course and my father also insisted that I should change my course. My father questioned why I would offer political science when I knew that politicians killed people like cows. I tried explaining to them that it was strictly academic and that offering the course did not mean that I would become a politician. So they asked me ‘what was the use of studying a course I would not practise later in life’. My mother said those studying political science and politicians were birds of a feather. My father called me and said if my mother was not in support of the course I was reading, then I should not do it because I had to make her happy. I went back to the university and changed my course from political science to sociology. So I would say that I strayed into sociology. Later in life, I studied law.

So how did you find yourself in England?

After I completed my studies, I did not have it in mind to become a lecturer but as providence would have it, I turned out to be the best student in my set while I was studying sociology. I had my National Youth Service Corps programme in Kaduna and when I completed that, I returned to the village in Iwo and not UNILAG. Someone who was like a mentor to me then and had been a graduate assistant in the school, brought a letter to my house, saying the university had been looking for me. He said they wanted me to come back as a graduate assistant. I did not know what it meant so he explained it to me. That was how I joined the university system and since then I have never had any regrets. I started as a graduate assistant at UNILAG. I also had my master’s degree in UNILAG and as God would have it, I was the best graduating student during that programme also. When I was done with my master’s degree programme, the Commonwealth scholarship came out and I applied for it. I also applied for Oyo State scholarship. I got both scholarships but I opted for the Commonwealth scholarship.

How did you meet your wife?

A friend of mine, who is dead now, introduced me to my wife. They were from the same community. There was a modern school that my wife attended and we used to go and watch inter-house sports competitions in her school. She was not one of the girls we used to move around with in those days when we were young because she was quite reserved. Whenever we went to watch inter-house sports competitions in her school, I used to notice her in the crowd. Later, I discovered that she was my friend’s distant relation. She was a sprinter for her school and she was very good. That was how we met. When I was wooing her, she never believed that I was serious.

Before we started courting, there was a lady that I was dating and it was as if we had a perfect relationship. She had agreed to get married to me and people knew us together in the community but I think she was unlucky because when my mother saw her, my mother asked if she had come to visit us. My mother further told me that she was my relative and it was a no-go area as it was not possible for us to get married. I still believed that I could continue with the plans because I had not met my wife at the time, but my father also discouraged me and told me not to make my mother unhappy. That was how I began to search for a wife and fortunately, I met the woman who is my wife today. She was a sprinter and she always looked very smart.

You are a former National Commissioner of the Independent National Electoral Commission, how would you describe the experience you had?

I do not know how President Goodluck Jonathan put the team together but I think he put together a very formidable team. His primary preoccupation was probably to ignore some of his very powerful party members, especially in regards to the appointment of Professor Attahiru Jega. Not many state actors in the Jonathan-led administration wanted Jega to be appointed because they saw him as someone who was very independent. My own appointment was also very controversial. When I was on the floor of the Senate, I spent some time being quizzed by senators, just like Jega. Also, the pedigrees of the commissioners appointed cut across various fields because we had a medical doctor in our team, Dr Abdulkadir Suleiman Oniyangi. We also had Hajia Amina Bala-Zakari, a pharmacist; we had an engineer, Nuhu Yakubu; we also had Dr Igbani. These were people from diverse disciplines and with different orientations. We had a large number of academics in our midst. Jega, for instance, was a professor of political science and I am a professor of sociology. We also had a technical team. I think one of the key success stories we had at the time was that whatever activity the Jega-led commission embarked upon, it had to be research-driven. We did a lot of research. We have room for science to dictate whatever we wanted to do. A related factor, which I think contributed, was how much we relied on the accumulated experiences of previous commissions and ours as well. In fact, we invited previous electoral commissioners to camp with us and we shared experiences with them. Jega was transparent and open about anything he wanted to do and he asked for other people’s opinions. I recall that after we had completed the compilation of the national register of voters, Jega invited a professor, who was once a commissioner so that he could critique our work. Everything we did was subjected to a critical review.

Our education was also very helpful. With all modesty, Jega had done a lot of work as regards election and he had played active roles in some public offices in this country. So we were looking for an opportunity to implement those ideas. We saw it as an opportunity that would never come again, so our enthusiasm was very high.

Would you say that President Jonathan conceded defeat in the 2015 election because he had faith in those that were at the helm of affairs in INEC?

I am not sure whether there was sustenance of the degree of believability that Jonathan imposed on the Jega-led commission, whether it was sustained through the end. Towards the end, as the elections were approaching, there were controversies as to whether the elections would hold, if there was a credible register, and how many people had collected their permanent voter cards. And Jega always said that we were ready. I think a measure of distrust began to creep in. I am not sure that the Jega-led commission was able to get that confidence back from the administration. I am sure that people would have been telling Jonathan that they had warned him against appointing Jega during that period. I do not think it could be said to be the reason that he conceded defeat. I am not sure that he felt the (presidential) election was free and fair if you read his book because he cast some aspersions on INEC and its leadership.

I think Jonathan conceded defeat because the election was adjudged to be free and fair. It was also said to be a credible election by the local community and the international community. Also, the consequences of not accepting the result would have dawned on the Jonathan-led administration. We can see the experience of President Laurent Gbagbo of Cote d’Ivoire, who did not want to concede defeat. He ended up at the International Criminal Court. I think that the reason why he conceded defeat was not because of the trust he had in the commission but because the elections were seen to be free and fair. The use of card readers checked electoral fraud. We had a very clean register similar to the one that they used in the recently concluded elections.

The elections that were just concluded recorded many deaths. What do you think can be done to forestall such in the future?

Political parties should go into elections as disciplined political parties that are cohesive and not factionalised. Once a party is not cohesive and it goes into an election, the chances are high that there will be trouble because already, they are not speaking with one voice. We see that from the conduct of the primaries. It is time for the political parties to respect their own laws because if they do not do that, it becomes an invitation to anarchy. The parties have done well since 1999, considering the fact that we have two major parties that are formidable. This is a plus for the development of democracy in this country. We have to learn to build on it by reforming the political parties. One way of doing that is by allowing members of political parties to make some payments in terms of fees, however little the amount is.

Let them been seen to own the political parties. If you do not want political parties to be hijacked by moneybags and barons, the party members should be allowed to pay some money because they have to run their secretariats. Also, party members should do some volunteer work. As a university professor and a member of a political party, I would be willing to give one hour of my time a week for my party. I would go to the secretariat and ask what they want me to do for them. I think this sense of volunteerism has become weakened and it is contributing to the hijacking and complete takeover of the political parties. This would create a sense of ownership and give people the knowledge that the party does not belong to anybody. The internal machinery for recruiting leaders needs to be sanitised as well. No doubt, ‘godfatherism’ cannot be eradicated because some people were there before but these godfathers should see all the party members as their children and whoever wins an elective position should do so by merit. They should not appear to favour anyone because they are like a shepherd. They should let all their party members have a sense of belonging instead of giving them a feeling that they have been short-changed. Also to make our elections peaceful, we need to train our security agents. It is very important. The security agents tend to see themselves as agents of the government in power instead of seeing themselves as agents of the state, which they are. Their role is to uphold the electoral law. They are not there to satisfy any member of the administration; they are there to satisfy members of the public. The administration of elections needs to be decentralised. I think that too many activities are centralised in Abuja. You can let the Resident Electoral Commissioner play more physical roles in terms of the procurement of materials. We also need to have electoral offence tribunals because there is no way that INEC can cope with prosecution. Their hands are full already and they should not be saddled with that responsibility because it is very expensive and requires the attention of specialists, which INEC cannot do given the circumstances. Other stakeholders are not partnering with INEC sufficiently enough. INEC would take one direction and the political parties would head to the opposite direction, undermining INEC. They need to understand that this is a collective venture. If they want good elections, then the parties have to partner effectively with INEC beyond the partisan level.

Has your life ever been threatened in order to manipulate election results?

In 2015, we had to return to Imo State when Rochas Okorocha was coming in as governor. The election was inconclusive so we had to return to do a re-run. We were at a collation centre at the INEC headquarters when a phone call came in from someone in a very high position of authority, saying that a particular person must return because that was the person the people of Imo State desired to have as their governor. The person said we must not do anything other than the instructions given. The returning officer then had received several calls before then; he was a professor and I was with him. At a point, he gave me his mobile phone to answer a call but soon after, he told me that he did not want to continue with the exercise because his family members had received several threats that if the election went a certain way, then he should forget about his family. So he resigned and decided to discontinue the collation process midway. The commission under Jega’s leadership had to get someone else to conclude the process. We had to be rescued after the process because the commissioner of police had to bundle us into his vehicle and that was how we escaped after the announcement. I have been at other election arenas where we also had to run soon after announcements were made because we had been warned by security agents that hoodlums were hanging around. It can be really frightening and I feel for the people that are participating in these elections. Sometimes what leads to these issues is the undue use of power by the incumbent government, which nobody can do anything about except we censor ourselves. The desperation is unbelievable. We have to change the mindset that, ‘I must win at all cost’. Elections should be approached with some scepticism and a doubtful mind because it is about probability. We have an attitude of ‘winner takes all’ and we need to create rooms for the losers to be accommodated. Proportional representation should be an area that the next National Assembly should look at so that everybody would be a winner. Those who win elections should draw the losers close to them. For someone to have contested for an elective office, it means that he has some qualities to offer the country. This would help us change the notion whereby we see the opposition as an enemy that must be run down and killed.

Credit: The Punch

How Buhari, IBB forced me out of military – Capt. Bala Shagari, eldest son of late President Shagari

How Buhari, IBB forced me out of military – Capt. Bala Shagari, eldest son of late President Shagari

Captain Bala Shagari

Captain Muhammad Bala Shagari (Rtd), is the eldest son of the late Second Republic President, Alhaji Aliyu Shehu Shagari who passed on two weeks ago. He is also the District Head of Shagari, the hometown of his father and holds the traditional title of Sarkin Mafaran Shagari. In this exclusive interview with Saturday Sun, the retired Army officer opens up on the late Turakin Sokoto’s lifestyle and his travails in the military which began soon after his father was overthrown by the then Major General Muhammadu Buhari. It was conducted by TUNDE OMOLEHIN, in Sokoto.

What was growing up like as the first son of former President Shehu Shagari?
I think among my siblings, I have lived with my father longer than any other person. I have one older sister, of course, but she didn’t have the closeness I had with our father that could make her understand him very well. I started my closeness with him since he was a teacher, though I was a very young boy then.

What was your observation about his personality then?
Well, he was always exhibiting himself as a typical educationalist. He brought us up in a formal manner. I saw him at first as a teacher and later he became an administrator. He was a classroom teacher and later became Assistant Headmaster when I was yet to enter primary school. I went to primary school as far back as 1956. So, you can see how long the closeness started.

Was he soft on you and other siblings in all approaches or otherwise?
I can say he was quite tender on us. Not really the harsh type. I can recall that since I was born, it was only once my father lifted his hands to beat me. And that was the time I did something he disliked. I was still very young then, when somebody who was a known drunkard came and took me from the house and I followed him without my father’s permission. The fellow took me to a bar and ordered for a bottle of beer. He also ordered a soft drink for me, which was Cola. In those days, the Cola is like Coca Cola of today. That outing and the beating that followed was an evergreen lesson and a blessing in disguise. Out of curiosity, when the man excused himself to urinate, I used the bottle’s cap to taste its liquid content with my tongue, which tasted bitter to my dislike. And I hated anything bitter. That was the beginning of my dislike with anything alcohol. My father was not comfortable with that outing, believing if I continue following the man I may end up like him. He gave me the beatings for that. That was the only time I can remember he took a cane and followed me round the house to beat me. However, I always watched out and ensured that I follow his commands and deeds.

What do you really cherish most about him?

Well, what I really cherish most about him is honesty and his true sense of purpose. You know, a lot of people have this misconception about him that ‘the man is weak’. But those who had worked closely with him will tell you the contrary. He was a person with high sense of responsibility. If he believes in a course, he will definitely fight for it to the end. My father has also been a revolutionist from the beginning of time. In those days, he told me a story about when he was in the middle school after his primary education. The middle school was like junior secondary school and had expatriates as their teachers. One of the teachers gave his class a task to write an essay on any topic in English. Apparently, it happened to be my father’s first ever essay. My father’s essay was on the need for colonial masters to go back home. When the white man read the essay, he couldn’t believe it because as far as he was concerned, my father came from a remote village and couldn’t have learnt fast on the negative impacts of colonialism on his fellow citizens. He (White man) took the letter (essay) to the District Officer (D.O) and showed him what a mid-one student had written about them. The D.O. enquired about my father’s background and the teacher said he came from Yabo, a remote village then. He couldn’t believe that someone from such a village could write such essay. The essay was later passed over to the Resident Officer of the province who was like a Governor of today. The Resident Officer couldn’t believe it also, and decided to invite my father. He asked him where he got the idea of his topic from. One thing I discovered from the story was that, my father started reading very early in his life. Because, that was only where he could have gotten the idea of his essay, that is, if he had been reading newspapers or stories written on Nnamdi Azikiwe and other nationalists who were fighting against colonial rule. So, he had been a revolutionist from the beginning of his time. I can also remember that when he was a teacher, there was a newly built library in Sokoto by colonial masters. It was a standard of its kind and the colonial masters were very proud of it. My father used to visit the library for his reading. One day, a white man came to the library and was asking everyone their experience about the ‘high class library’. When he got to my father’s turn to respond, he told the white man that he had read all the books in the library. The white man was surprised and called the librarian to confirm what my father just told him. And the librarian said he wouldn’t know whether my father had read all the books but he was sure that my father had borrowed every book in the library. The white man couldn’t believe, he decided to test my father by picking the books randomly and asked him the content or story inside such books, which my father responded to perfectly. The white man was impressed and invited my father to his house to check at his personal library for more books. I really cherish his reading culture. Even, as a teacher, he was into journalism by writing articles for publication in the Citizen and its Hausa version newspapers namely Gaskya Tafi kwabo, an Hausa version and Citizen newspaper, an English version. There was a time when a white man came to Shagari town asking for him to give him compliments because he had been reading his articles in the newspapers and that got him interested.

Many know him as a politician rather than an educationist you talked about. Can you recall how he eventually joined politics?

Well, before coming to that. Let me start this way. When Zik and other nationalists were going round the country campaigning for revolution against colonial rule and seeking independence, my father was the only civil servant then, as a teacher to attend Zik’s rally and listening to his messages. Everybody was afraid that the white men might not be kind to them if they are caught attending such rally. As a teacher, he was so informed to the level of challenging colonial masters on some issues that affected his community. There was an incident when some people were quarantined in Shagari because of meningitis outbreak. And the outbreak had not affected Shagari town, but the white men decided to use its outskirt as quarantine camp. When a white man came to sensitize the villagers over the epidemic, my father asked him if it was right to camp people infected with meningitis in a town that the outbreak has not reached. The white man said no, and asked about my father’s name. He was popularly called Malam Shehu. The white man then ran to the Resident Officer to report him. He informed him that one troublesome man had challenged the rationale behind camping infected people near his village. That was how they quickly moved the quarantined people out of Shagari town. He was later invited by the Resident Officer who begged him not to write any article on the issue. That was how he spent his youthful life. He was always on the defence of his people, as an educated fellow.

Then, coming to how he joined politics. I will say my father was a reluctant president. He had no ambition of becoming a president. He just wanted to be a Senator. And if you had seen his autobiography, the book he wrote, he titled it ‘Beckoned to Serve’. What that means is that, he has never asked for a position before he gets it. Any position he might have occupied, he wasn’t the one that lobbied for it. He was always called to serve. He went to House of Representatives, he became a federal minister and many more. He never asked for them. When the issue of presidency came, he had no intention to run for the position. He made it clear in the media that he was only interested in going to the Senate. When the NPN was formed, they started it together with his contemporaries and the party zoned presidency to the north. At a zonal convention, the north was supposed to bring three aspirants to the Lagos General Convention for the national delegates to choose a candidate. My father was in his lodge in Kaduna, the venue of the zonal convention resting when some delegates from Plateau State came for him and declared their support for him. They asked him to join the presidential aspirants. The delegation was led by Alhaji Isyaka Ibrahim. He outrightly rejected their suggestion and pleas. They left after much persuasions without success and mobilized for more delegates from other states. I think they succeeded in including more states like, Niger, Sokoto. I can’t remember the other two states. They came again and pleaded for him to throw his hat into the race. He equally declined. They said okay, ‘We will go and call Alhaji Makama (whom he respected most).’ They left again. But before they came back, my father out of frustration decided to turn on his radio. Incidentally, an Islamic preacher was preaching a sermon about leadership. And he said ‘do not give leadership to anybody that asked to be given leadership because he may not be just. But on the other hand, Allah is angry with anybody that people come for to lead them but who decline.’ That sermon hit my father so hard to the extent that his body started shaking for a while. After sometimes, when he regained himself, the set of delegates came back with Alhaji Makama. And the man (Makama) started talking to him. They all pleaded with him and that was the turning point of his presidential bid. After the convention, he secured the highest votes and they picked six of them to Lagos for the final convention and he still emerged the winner. He once told me when giving insight on his Kaduna convention’s experience where he recalled that a delegate borrowed his pen to tick another candidate’s name on his ballot paper and returned back to him to show him that he didn’t vote for him, just to upset him in the process. But later when my father won the election and eventually became the president, he appointed the fellow chairman of a federal parastatal.

At the time he became president, where were you and how did you feel as son of the President?

When he became president, I was already in the Nigeria Army. I can recall that when he was President-elect, my promotion also came as Lieutenant, and traditionally you cannot wear your new rank until you go back to your unit. At that time, I was in Lagos for official engagement because I was also a sportsman in the Army. I was playing snooker game for my Division, 1 Division, Kaduna. So, I was in Lagos for the game when the Supreme Court decided the case between him and Chief Awolowo. It was about the same time that my promotion came as Lieutenant. I saw it in newspapers, but I couldn’t wear it until I went back to my unit when my C.O. decorated me. Jokingly, the C.O said my father was a President-elect and I was a Lieutenant-elect. We all laughed. So, I was in the Nigeria Army when he became the president. During his tenure as president, none of his children ever went out with bodyguard or fleet of cars. We moved around freely and mixed with people freely without fear or sense of insecurity to our lives. We all feared our father for his principled lifestyle. We were so conscious of what we do as his children and what people will be saying about us. When I saw children of president maybe during Babangida regime and so on going around in presidential jet, it made me remember an incident. I came to Lagos one day because I was serving in Zaria. So, I took a commercial flight from Kaduna airport to Lagos, and when I was going back to Zaria, my father’ Aide de camp (ADC) bought me a flight ticket to return back to Kaduna, it was about N21 or so. But when my father saw the ticket he was furious. He then queried the ADC on why he should buy me a ticket because I wasn’t a staff of State House. Why should he buy a ticket for me? So, you can see the difference between then and now. He wouldn’t even allow State House to buy you a ticket talk less of you taking a presidential plane around. I also remember when his two wives wanted to go for holiday. They wanted to go to London for a few days and later move to Saudi Arabia for prayers. My father denied them to be flown in the presidential plane. He insisted that they must fly in a commercial plane or they abort the trip. He said the presidential plane can take them within Nigeria and not outside the country. So, when I see the children of these days doing things the way they like because of their fathers’ influence or position, I laugh it off.

Where were you when he was overthrown and how did you feel?
I was still in the Nigeria Army when he was overthrown. Though, I was later retired compulsorily by the Buhari’s regime.

What was your sin(s)?
For being the son of President Shehu Shagari. That was all. That was my only sin, I think. I can recall that the retirement letter states that ‘by the power vested on me as Chief of Army Staff, you are hereby compulsorily retired and your service is no longer required.’

Who was the Chief of Army Staff?

The then military secretary signed the letter while General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida was the Chief of Army Staff. The letter was his directive. Immediately they served me the letter, that was where they also picked me up and detained for six weeks. Though, it was a house arrest in Sokoto, not in a prison yard. They took me to Kaduna, I passed a night in Kaduna and they later brought me back to Sokoto, to NSO office which we call SSS now. When they brought me, I slept a night in their office. The next day, they prepared one of their guest rooms and put me there for six weeks.

What were you doing when the news was broken to you that your father had been overthrown?

I remember on the day of the coup d’état, I was in Jos playing polo. And I came back in the morning trying my horses because I had another game in the evening. I was with two of my Lebanese friends who played polo too. They were also from Zaria. They called my name repeatedly asking me if I have not heard the news that my father had been overthrown in a coup d’état. I merely responded to them and continued rolling my ball. They were surprised the way I responded to them. My mates were also surprised to see me calm throughout the period.

When you were moved to Sokoto, did NSO officials later brief you the offence you committed?

Not at all. Well, maybe the new government felt I was a threat to them because I didn’t look worried at all when my father was overthrown.

Before you were retired, what was your mood like, at least for taking orders from those who overthrew your father?

I didn’t have any mixed feelings about the whole thing. I was a young officer and well nurtured in the military. I always see myself as serving the nation. In fact, there was another polo game I went for in Lagos, and I met with Babangida. I believed he must have been thinking of me by saying ‘see this boy again, only God knows what he is planning against us.’ When they discovered that my mood wasn’t changed, at one time, Colonel Aliyu Akilu, the then Head of Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI) called me to confirm if I have any problem. And I said no sir. He then said if I am not comfortable again in the military, I can put in my resignation letter. I said no sir. I am okay. He called me again to know if I have made up my mind to tender my resignation letter from the Army. I repeated the same no sir, and assured him that I am alright. I said ‘when I joined the Army, my father was not a president. Now because he is no more a president doesn’t mean I should also quit the Army. So, I will not resign but if you people felt you cannot work with me, you can ask me to go.’ That is what I told him. Later I was served with compulsory retirement letter. That was all.

After successive governments, did the military hierarchy reach out to you to compensate you?
Not at all. Nothing was done since I was retired as a captain, and I had not stayed long to earn pension. In those days, you have to be in the service for at least fourteen years before you can be on pension benefits. I was less than ten years before I was retired. Even my gratuity, I didn’t take it.

Did your father encourage you to join the Army?

No, I picked interest in it without any external motivation. When I was in Barewa College, I was a member of cadet unit of the school. So, I joined the Army on my own.

Did you or your late father have any bad feelings against these actors you have identified in the course of your travails?

To be honest and as far as I am concerned, my father never had any bad feelings against them. If you are talking of General Babangida and President Buhari, my father never talked bad about them. We are trained to believe in destiny. After the whole thing, people around me always wondered how I could be so calm? But I just have to be calm.

After the demise of your father, there are lots of tributes by eminent Nigerians that confirmed him as incorruptible leader. But, there is this general belief that your father was surrounded by people with corruption tendency during his tenure as President. How do you react to this?

You see, you cannot rule out such misgivings. But to be honest, there are other people that have been misjudged by the public. For example, Umaru Dikko. The only thing about him was that Umaru Dikko is a workaholic fellow but people turned this against him. He is a very hard working man. Umaru Dikko can attend to people until 2am mid-night and he will still wake up by 7am to resume office. He was always working with my father overnight. My father like him because he was very hardworking. But because he was so close to my father, a lot of people became envious of him. And you know a lot of negative stories were said of him. There was a time he made a statement and that statement pitched him against Chief MKO Abiola. The statement was that ‘presidency is not for sale’, and because Abiola was very ambitious at that time, he thought Umaru Dikko was talking to him. So, he decided to stage media war against him because it was Abiola’s newspaper, The Concord that promoted the One billion pound he was accused of. When my father came out of the detention and read the story that Umaru Dikko had One billion pounds, he was so surprised about such narrative. He said the whole lifetime of Rice Task Force programme where the people thought Umaru Dikko got the one billion pounds, he was only given four hundred million Naira. So, how can four hundred million naira translate to one billion pounds. Another instance that proved that the whole stories were just propaganda against them was when I was in a car with one of the chief security officers of this country. The fellow forgot that I was in his car and was talking to his friend that Senator Uba Ahmed wrote to them from exile asking them what he did wrong because he wanted to come back to Nigeria but before then he wanted to know his offence. The man told his friend that even Umaru Dikko that they have been shouting his name, up till then, they did not have any evidence against him. So, it is better he stays there because when he returns back to Nigeria, they will be ashamed of themselves because they will have nothing to hold against him and people will know that they just lied against them.

Credit: The Sun

Examination malpractice: Edo suspends principals of 28 public schools

Examination malpractice: Edo suspends principals of 28 public schools

by Our Reporter

The Edo State Government has suspended 28 principals of public senior secondary schools over their involvement in examination malpractice in the 2018 West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE).

Commissioner for Education, Hon. Emmanuel Agbale, in a memo to the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Education, Edo State, said the decision to suspend the affected principals followed the receipt of “report of investigations on the issue, carried out and decision reached by the West African Examinations Council (WAEC) cancelling the results of affected candidates, and recognizing the schools for a period of two years, with effect from the WASSCE for school candidates, 2019.”

For private schools, Hon. Agbale ordered that a query be sent to 28 private secondary schools to explain in 72 hours, why they should not be deregistered/de-recognised for involvement in examination malpractice in the 2018 WASSCE.

He said this was after receipt of the report of the issue and a decision reached by WAEC to cancel results of the affected candidates in the 2018 WASSCE and derecognising the schools for a period of two years, with effect from the WASSCE for school candidates, 2019.

He directed that a strong warning and reprimand in writing be issued to proprietors of affected private secondary schools for complicity in examination malpractice in their respective schools/ institutions in the WASSCE for school candidates.

The commissioner said that seven other principals of public senior secondary schools in the state were warned and reprimanded for complicity in examination malpractice in their schools in the 2018 WASSCE for School Candidates. A total of 16 private and secondary schools got warning letters for complicity in examination malpractice.

On the suspended principals, he said they will “remain suspended as principals pending their arraignment before the Teachers Disciplinary Committee to determine their culpability.”

The public secondary schools whose principals were suspended include Ikpeshi Grammar School, Ikpeshi, Edo State (Centre: 4130101); Evboesi Mixed Secondary School, Evbeosi, Edo State (Centre: 4131303); Obanosa Secondary School, Evbuobanosa, Edo State (Centre: 4131306), Igbanke Grammar School, Igbanke, Edo State (Centre: 4131307); Iru Grammar School, Iru, Edo State (Centre: 4131323); Osasinmwin-Oba Secondary School, Osasinmwin-Oba, Edo State (Centre: 4131716); Government Science and Technical College, Benin, Edo State (Centre: 4132063) and Ojirami Mixed Secondary School, Ojirami, Edo State (Centre: 4130111).

Others are Dagbala Secondary School, Dagbala, Edo State (Centre: 4130134); Uma Secondary Commercial School, Imoga, Edo State (Centre: 4130105); Asoro Grammar School, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4130210); Opoji Secondary Commercial School, Okhore-Opoji, Edo State (Centre: 4130301); and Afuda Secondary School, Afuda-Irrua, Edo State (Centre: 4139324).

More public schools, whose principals were affected include Anegbette Secondary School, Anegbette, Edo State (Centre: 4130704); Oguola College, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131107); Urhokuosa Mixed Secondary School, Urhokuosa, Edo State (Centre: 4131820); Egbede Community Grammar, Uvbe, Edo State (Centre: 4131816); Obadan Mixed Secondary School, Obadan, Edo State (Centre: 4131814); Ugiamwen Secondary School, Ugiamwen, Edo State (Centre: 4131813); Umagbae Grammar School, Adumagbae, Edo State (Centre: 4131803); Ikpiti Grammar School, Gelegele, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131748); Ugbine Secondary School, Ugbine, Edo State (Centre: 4131708) and Uzebba Grammar School, Uzebba, Edo State (Centre: 4131509).

Others are Ozalla Secondary Commercial School, Ozalla, Edo State (4131503); Holy Trinity Grammar School, Sabongida-Ora, Edo State (Centre: 4131502); Esigie Comprehensive College, Abudu, Edo State (Centre: 4131344); Oza Grammar School, Oza, Edo State (Centre: 4131310); and New Era College, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131213).

The public school principals who were issued strict warning include Ore-Nolomi Secondary School, Iguosodin, Nebudin, Edo State (Centre: 4131707); Mixed Secondary School, Ugboko Numagbae, Edo State (Centre: 4131305) and Osomhe Secondary School, Osomhegbe-Ekperi, Edo State (Centre: 4130713).

Others are Iruekpen Grammar School, Iruekpen, Edo State (Centre: 4130614); Ujoelen Grammar School, Ekpoma, Edo State (Centre: 4130606); Akugbe Secondary School, Emuhi-Ekpoma, Edo State (Centre: 4130603); and Uhiele Grammar School, Ekpoma, Edo State (Centre: 4130602).

Agbale said that private schools whose managements were queried are Federal Staff Business College, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4130272); Zenith Model Education Centre, Igbogiri, Edo State (Centre: 4131830); Hizbullah Secondary School, Auchi, Edo State (Centre: 4130961); Calvary Secondary School, Ekpon, Edo State (Centre: 4131016); Gracious Secondary School, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131138); Eden City College, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131147) and Lilmak Secondary, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131268).

Others are Jobamoh Uni. Secondary School, Itsukwi, Edo State (Centre: 4130825); Jubilee Academy Secondary School, Isihor, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131733); Gabmay Secondary School, Benin, Edo State (Centre: 4130239); Ultimate College, Benin, Edo State (Centre: 4130236); Gentry National High School, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4130270); Excel Secondary School, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131124); Oman Christian Academy, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131193) and Ceta International Secondary School, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131240).

The other private schools that received queries include God’s Favour Secondary School, Abudu, Edo State (Centre: 4131341); Oje Reliance Secondary School, Avbiosi, Edo State (Centre: 4131512); Highers Wisdom Academy, Igue-Iheya Qtrs, Isior, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131736); Leaders College, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131743); and Mcmidas Comprehensive School, Isiohor, Benin City Edo State (Centre: 4131753).

Others are Paulson Foundation Secondary School, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131824); Rising Hope Academy, Ugbor, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4133025); Ralph Education Centre Secondary School, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4132042); Powerline Academy, Uselu, Benin City, Edo State (4132025); Christ The Winners Schools, Benin-Auchi Road, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131827); Ogunbor Secondary School, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4131112); God’s Grace Educational Centre, Evboriaria, Edo State (Centre: 4132932); and Winners Foundation Secondary School, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4133001).

The private secondary schools whose management were warned are Zanna Royal Academy, Ekpoma, Edo State (Centre: 4130617); Simbridge College, Benin, Edo State (Centre: 4130268); St. Mathias Group of School, Ewohimi, Edo State (Centre: 4130536); Napoly Secondary, Ihievbe-Ogben, Edo State (Centre: 4131417); Imperial College, Benin, Edo State (Centre: 4131244); Excellent Education Centre, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4132057); Enina Secondary School, Ogida Quarters, Benin, Edo State (Centre: 4132066); Royal City College, Benin, Edo State (Centre: 4131293); and Oxonian Grand Academy, Benin City, Edo State (Centre: 4132040).

Credit: The Nation

Afenifere leaders against Buhari are not progressives

Afenifere leaders against Buhari are not progressives – Fasae, factional leader

Factional leader of Afenifere, a pan-Yoruba group, which has made known its support for President Muhammadu Buhari’s re-election bid, Akin Fasae, has said that their support for the President is a matter of principle and a way to repay him for his admirable performance in office.

Yoruba prefer restructuring, not 2023 presidency – Afenifere
Fasae in this interview conducted by WOLE BALOGUN in Ado Ekiti denied allegation by the mainstream Afenifere group that they are puppets of APC national leader. He gave reasons why they chose to support APC as a party and Buhari as its presidential candidate and expressed optimism that Buhari will win the February 2019 polls.

How do you react to the allegation from the Senator Femi Okurounmu faction of Afenifere that your support for Buhari is a script prepared for you by Tinubu to act?

Everyone has an opinion, and that is the opinion of those who believe that they have the mandate of the Yoruba, but let me tell you; how do you have the mandate of the people in a democracy? It is through the elected officials. Ask the Okurounmu people from Lagos to Ondo, Ekiti, Osun and Oyo who are their elected people in all facets of the political divides. Do they have councilors, house of reps members or governor in the whole of southwest or Yoruba? My answer to that is No. So, they are representing themselves.

The Tinubu they are accusing is not only a national leader of APC but of all Yoruba. The Afenifere that we know has been a progressive movement from the days of Obafemi Awolowo, we know in history that Afenifere has always toed the path of the progressives, therefore the APC in the South West is a representation of the progressives, so in Afenifere, we don’t have any option than to support the APC and President Muhammadu Buhari, they only envy Tinubu. What they have against the APC leader is not a matter of principle, they only envy Tinubu because he is younger than them but he has emerged as a leader of the Yoruba.

The Okurounmu that we know won election under AD in 1999 and he defected to the PDP, but since then he hasn’t won any election. They belong to the group of lazy politicians in the Southwest.

They are at war with Omisore because he supported APC and now they are supporting Atiku, do you think Awolowo in his grave will be happy with them? Anyway, the likes of Okurounmu and Ayo Adebanjo have a right to their opinion and I wish them good luck.

They have also alleged that the only time your faction comes out to take a position on a national issue is when Tinubu motivates you and it has always been about politics as you allegedly prefer to keep mum on other issues such as the kidnap of Chief Olu Falae?

We have right to choose when we talk. However none of us is happy that anybody is being kidnapped, we are not also happy that anybody’s property or farm is destroyed by whatever group of people, whether Fulani herdsmen or terrorists. But we do not have to make an issue out of it. If Falae was kidnapped and we didn’t know how it happened or what has happened, we didn’t have to say that it was Buhari that caused it.

When you want to criticise, you must first gauge the mood of the people.

When it happened we condemned it and we didn’t only condemn it in the Southwest, we condemned it in every part of the country. They blamed the Falae kidnap on Buhari government and we didn’t like that.

Why do you support President Buhari?

Any reasonable person or group of persons in the Southwest will support and not only in the Southwest, we want every Nigerian to support President Buhari. We want everyone from the East, Northwest and PDP. This is because Buhari has done very well. We know the difference between 1999 and now, we know the difference. We also know the difference between 2015 and now. We don’t have to tell lies as the facts are there. This is the best time for all Yoruba even from the time of Tafawa Balewa, this has been the best time for the Yoruba.

Look at what has been happening on Lagos-Ibadan expressway, see what has been happening to our railway between Lagos and Ibadan. And it is like that all over the Southwest and other parts of the country. Look at what is happening on Npower in the country. In Ekiti alone we have not less than 700,000 beneficiaries. Our support for Buhari is not because Tinubu wants us to support him, it is based on what the President has done for the country and for the Southwest.

How would you reply those who have said that President Buhari’s government has brought more poverty and suffering?
Those who say that Buhari government has brought poverty are not knowledgeable. The people will vote and you will see that Buhari will win.

What is your advice to Nigerians on the forthcoming polls?
I want to advise Nigerians that we should ensure that we shun violence and bitterness in the coming elections. As from March this year, when Buhari is re-elected, Nigeria will march to greatness.

Credit: The Sun

News Headlines Jan 5, 2019. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

News Headlines Jan 5, 2019. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

Compiled by Demola Adefajo

The Punch
2019: Experts forecast weak, sluggish economy
Obasanjo will face prosecution if Buhari decides to probe power sector – Oshiomhole
Dino Melaye ‘slumps,’ taken to the hospital after arrest
2019 elections between the rich and the poor –Amaechi
The real change we want to see in 2019 –MAN, ASUP, CACOL, Ex-NMA President, others
Ekiti athletes lament N15,600 NSF allowance
When I die, I’ll meet God a fulfilled man –Prof. Salami, VC, The Technical University
Military helicopters kill gang leader, bandits in Zamfara
2019: ASUU agrees to release striking members for election duties
Buhari, IG in closed-door meeting, day after due retirement date
Miyetti Allah asks FG to keep Atiku under surveillance
APC’s injustice will not stand in Ogun, says Akinlade
Don’t mock Ogun workers, APC tells Isiaka
Obasanjo will face prosecution if Buhari decides to probe power sector – Oshiomhole
Dino Melaye ‘slumps,’ taken to the hospital after arrest
Minimum wage: FG, organised labour meeting inconclusive
2019 elections between the rich and the poor –Amaechi
Ronaldo chills with Joshua in Dubai
Dino Melaye slumps at SARS HQ
Tamara and I had more than 10 sex tapes, Pastor Omatsola claims
Funke Akindele shares first photo of twin sons
I was under my enemies’ spell –Cleric who raped girl, five
Sales agent in court over missing N10.6m kerosene
We used proceeds of bank robberies to buy explosives –Suspected Boko Haram commander
Two sentenced to death in Ondo for armed robbery
Fake DSS officer obtains N3.1m from job seekers
Family accuses wife of killing husband, demands justice
Four workers nabbed in Lagos for foreigner’s death
I killed my boyfriend’s son after losing my womb to abortions, 20-year-old lady tells court
2019 elections and ‘enemies’ of ICT in Nigeria’s search for credible polls
My ambition is about rescuing Nigeria – Gbor, APGA presidential candidate
Know number of registered voters before promising your candidates million votes —Shehu Sani
Atiku’s candidacy, PDP’s greatest blunder – APC Rep candidate
Allow INEC and Amina Zakari to do their jobs, Lagos IPAC tells PDP
Customs generate N1.2tn, record 5,235 seizures in 2018
Azman Air Lagos-PH bound aircraft engine malfunctions mid-air
‘Dangote BlocMaster, best for construction in swampy areas’
Forex: CBN makes first intervention in 2019, injects $210m
Pirates kidnap crew members off Cotonou …anchor ship in Lagos
FG extends window for 50% reduction in business registration
When I die, I’ll meet God a fulfilled man –Prof. Salami, VC, The Technical University
My aspiration is to assemble vehicles in Nigeria –Aguebor, female mechanic
Only idle pastors predict politicians that’ll win elections – Mogekwu, Anglican Bishop of Asaba Diocese
Ethnicity causing division among actors – Fidelis Duker
Ekiti athletes lament N15,600 NSF allowance
Pogba set to miss Reading FA Cup tie
I didn’t expect we would be down by three goals in Aiteo Cup final – Ogunbote
Huddersfield sign Palace’s Puncheon on loan
Djokovic crashes out of Qatar Open
I’m glad my skits appeal to elderly people too – Steve Chuks
Mimicking Davido the riskiest video we’ve shot –Ikorodu bois
There is a huge market for African songs in the UK –DJ Jibs
My voice once got me an instant job –Yemi Blaq
Nollywood actor, Gbenga Akintunde, dies at 47
I’ve never thought of bleaching, my complexion is a blessing –Bimpe Oyebade
Not forgiving Toyin Abraham, others was hampering my progress –Yomi Fabiyi
Scammed on the way to ‘canaan’: Victims of visa fraud share heartbreaking stories
Revealed: New tricks beggars use to milk Lagos residents
Amazing tale of four delta brothers that wedded six wives same day
Oil production cut, price drop threaten 2019 budget
Huawei demotes two employees for sending New Year tweet via iPhone
How to control what children see on smartphones
The ultimate cell phone buying guide (1)
Telecoms to drive financial inclusion, economy in 2019 — Experts
Elections: We need conversations, not sweet-nothings
Do wives need their husbands’ permission to spend their income?
Nine attitudes to imbibe to have successful year
The Nation
INEC to PDP, others: WE WON’T DROP ZAKARI as collation centre chair
Drama as Melaye surrenders to Police 1
Suspected Boko Haram commander opens up on BLOODY EXPLOITS
Minimum wage: FG, Labour meeting inconclusive
Campaign flag–off tragedy:Tears as eight PDP supporters are buried
Senate crisis: We ‘ve agreed on ceasefire – Ndume
Sack Amina Zakari from INEC, PDP tells NASS
Presidency: Zakari,not Buhari’s blood relation
‘Use your PVCs to end dismal PDP in Sokoto’
PDP not a threat to Buhari’s re-election — Keyamo
PDP is lying on restructuring , says Salvador
‘Election will be a referendum on Buhari’
Kings Cup: Musa excited to start 2019 with a bang for Al-Nassr
Ighalo attracts Southampton interest
Mikel announces departure from Tianjin Teda
LaLiga: Omeruo set for 10th start against Espanyol
Nwakali impressive in FC Porto B’s first win of the season
Efe Ambrose leaves Hibernian
BCN, Google partner for free Abuja Wi-Fi
Lufthansa Group appoints new GM Sales
NBS: Nigeria earns N808b from VAT
LCCI blames CBN’s interventions for pressure on external reserves
BSF W/Africa rewards female pharmacists
Hyundai Creta, Camry, others get awards
Mother, children survive gas incident in Warri
‘Overhaul criminal justice system’
New Year’s resolutions couples should make for a stronger relationship
My frustration as a celebrated model – Gabby Ibeabuchi
Maintain industrial peace, health professionals tell FG
HIV/AIDS: Group seeks removal of ARV fee in 2019
The undying practice of female genital mutilation
At home with Dino’s kinsmen on New Year’s Eve

ThisDay
Dino Melaye Surrenders to Police
Buhari, IGP Meet in State House
Izu Ojukwu’s ‘Power of Oneness’ Reawakens Nigerians
Endorsement Galore for Jimi Agbaje
Another Appeal to President Buhari and His Supporters
Borno State Security Situation Getting Worse
Kaduna First Lady, Hadiza El-Rufai’s Inspiring Word
Burna Boy Shines with 2018 Burna Live Concert
Intrigues over Ogun APC Governorship Succession
Lekki Gardens: Court Fixes Date for Estate Distortion Suit
For Linda Ikeji, the Beat Goes On
Chelsea London Dry Gin Lights Up Barracuda
Peugeot Revisits History in Pickup Segment
Electric Jaguar I-Pace Voted Norway’s Car of The Year
Volvo Cars’ Award-winning Line-up Proves 3 Design Heads are Better than One
Lexus Embarks On High-Tech Road-Safety Project
BMW Models Enjoy Awards-rich Year in 2018
A Tribute to Leah Sharibu
GANI ADAMS AND PRESERVATION OF CULTURE
Nigeria Needs Businessmen, Not Bureaucrats
WAITING GAME OF KWARA’S POLITICAL GLADIATORS
How Accord Party is Changing Lives in Kwara State
Regina Chukwu: I Used to Sell Wares By Road Side… Now I Live a Better Life
Fall of Ngozi Olejeme

Leadership

Minimum Wage: Crack In Labour As ULC Boycotts Meeting With FG
PMB, Amina Zakari Not Family Relations – Presidency
Army Kills 6 Terrorists, Deploys Special Forces To North East
Amina Zakari Not In Charge Of Collation Of Presidential Election Results
Dino Melaye Finally Surrenders To Police
Yobe Emir Tasks Politicians On Peaceful Election
PDP Not Alternative To APC In 2019 – Nasarawa Speaker
‘Africa Looks Up To Nigeria For Clearer Political Vision’
NANS Disapproves Ibadan Polytechnic Tuition Fee Increment
Oluwo Anchors Seminar On Foreign Trips For Nigerians
Late Ex-President Shagari Is Resting In Heaven – Emir Sanusi
Groom Yourself For Leadership, PMB Tells Nigerian Youths
BEDC Reconnects 42 Communities Across States Of Coverage
Customs Distributes Over 3000 Bags Of Rice To IDPs
PDP responsible for Nigeria’s current woes – Ameachi
NSE: Capitalisation Dips Further By N49bn
Govt. Disputes $600m Tax Refunds To Mining Firms
oNCAA To Probe Azman Aircraft Incident At PH Airport
Oil Price Rises By Over 1% On China-U.S. Trade Talks, OPEC Cuts
Buhari Is My Political Godfather – Gov. Lalong
PPC To Ease Lagos Taffic Problem, Female Guber Candidate Assures
Sharapova Suffers Injury Blow Ahead Of Australian Open
New Year Shocker: Nollywood actor, Akintunde dies of malaria
EDITORIAL: How Not To Fight Corruption
Oluwo Anchors Seminar On Foreign Trips For Nigerian
I Will Transform Yobe In 4 Years-Amb Damagun
B/Haram Attack: Don’t Leave Home, Gaidam Tells Residents
‘Take The War To Enclaves Of Boko Haram’
Vanguard
As Qatar Quits OPEC
Peperito Soccer Challenge 2019 Begins
Revolutionary ‘Breathalyser’ Could Speed Up Cancer Diagnosis

AVM Badeh’s Death: Why Do Govts Tell Lies
Oil Price Hits $58, Highest In 2019, As Saudi Arabia Cuts Output By 500,000 Bpd
KWARA BOAT MISHAP: Abdulrahman Abdulrazaq Brings Succour, Raises Hope Of Residents
A Family’s Suicide Mission
Educational Landmarks In Delta State
Buhari, IGP Meet Behind Closed Doors
Excited Nnewi Philanthropist Offers Quintuplets UK, USA Varsity Scholarships
Always Look At What’s Left On The Board
Shh! Buhari Didn’t Topple Shagari!
Dino Melaye And The Nigerian Big Man
My Life Is Not Normal
Plateau Community Where Natives Adore Grave Of Their Ancestors
Atiku Ready To Debate Buhari In Daura, Sudan Or Anywhere – Reno
How I Was Indoctrinated To Wage War Against Nigeria — Boko Haram Commander
Buhari doesn’t share family relationship with Amina Zakari — Presidency
Breaking: Dino Melaye surrenders
2019: The elite, thieves have ganged-up against APC – Amaechi
APC accused of bribing First Lady with campaign appointment
Politicians’ll twist my 2019 prophecies, says Adeboye
2019 Presidency: Buhari, Atiku combination very interesting — Ameh Ebute
Dino Melaye admitted in our hospital, in stable condition – Police
Ozekhome to lead legal fireworks for Senator Dino’s freedom
U20 AFCON: Aigbogun to release squad January 12th
Rohr uncertain over Mikel’s int’l future
Ofoedu sends tongues wagging in Israel
EPL: Pochettino targets top-four finish for Spurs
A family’s suicide mission
Plateau community where natives adore grave of their ancestors
Musicians that rocked the music scene in 2018 and why
Photos: Omotola Leads Partners In widows home make over
Renmoney rewards outstanding employees
Man kills mother in Enugu
Educational Landmarks in Delta State
When bus stop tears Ekiti communities apart

Daily Trust
Should someone who returns a misplaced valuable be rewarded?
Elections: The best way to choose candidates
Who said nothing has happened?
A memo to ASUU and FG negotiators (I)
The last minimum wage (2)
PPCO asks N/Assembly to prevail on Buhari to remove Zakari from INEC
BREAKING: At last, Dino Melaye surrenders to Police
‘Amina Zakari not in charge of collation of Presidential Election results’
APC Governorship candidate, Owan-Enoh to pay N30,000 to Cross Rivers workers
We want to handover power to the poor in Kwara – Amaechi
Benue gets new police commissioner
JUST IN: Melaye taken to hospital, in stable condition – Police
Makurdi is dirtiest state capital in Nigeria- Sen. Akume
Inside Amosun, Oshiomhole’s endless verbal war
‘With no stolen funds, we’ve changed Adamawa’s political landscape’
Kwara United FC unveils 18 new players
LMC insists on Jan 13 kick off date for NPFL
Roma’s Sadiq returns from loan spell with Rangers
Arewa Health: Funtua Blazes Trail
2019 and the Search for National Renewal
Police arraign 2 boys for stealing phone at Sabo
Police arrest 2 for allegedly beheading rice dealer in Osogbo
We will not be distracted by 2019 general election – ASUU
ASUP accuses FG of neglecting technical, vocational education
NNPC security guards protest non-payment of salaries
How to maintain your tomato health and hygiene
Despite price fluctuation, 2018 was good year for vegetable farmers
How Kenya farmers float tea companies: Lessons for Nigeria
Strike: Students appeal to ASUU, FG to resolve dispute
LAUTECH: Lecturers defy ASUU directives on resumption, begin teaching
Black Panther’s Letitia Wright gets Bafta rising star nomination
Nigerian singers who have starred in movies
Burna Boy, Mr Eazi to make Coachella debut
NSCDC explores modern ways to fight black soot
Nigeria leads West Africa on biosafety
National Park to monitor migration of herdsmen
7 Zamfara lawmakers reject LG bosses tenure extension