How doctoral programs train the mind to think

How doctoral programs train the mind to think

By MD Aminu, PhD |

If there is any cue that I can take from my experience during my doctoral candidacy, it is the recognition of it as nothing more than the training of the mind to think. Before my registration as a research student in Cranfield University, a friend who completed his own doctorate in another UK university advised me that to be successful in the program, I must have my critical thinking mode activated throughout the duration of my candidacy.

For the entire periods of our education, from the elementary school and up to the bachelor’s and master’s degree levels, we were typically taught to notice already established patterns, and to solve analytical problems. We take standard tests and examinations that only puts to trial our analytical problem-solving skills, and we miss out on an essential aspect of human intelligence: creativity. Because of our ability to notice these known patterns, or for our pragmatism in applying analytical skills to solve known problems, we may even end up being the best and brightest within our peers, yet we can be utterly uncreative.

To be awarded a doctorate, a person must demonstrate that they have pushed the boundaries of knowledge within that discipline they have researched on. This means they must have achieved novelty. To achieve novelty, they must have started their investigations from an unknown location and arrive at a known new and significant location. To conceive and deal with novel situations, they need creative intelligence. In the process of creating new knowledge, they are constantly drawn in on critical analysis for introductory and concluding justifications; validation of conclusions; distinguishing of facts and opinions; evaluation of the credibility of information sources; clarification of concepts and recognition of conditions, etc.

It is for this reason that some doctoral programs put in place a mechanism to help stimulate the mind on a critical thinking trajectory so that the student’s research begins by transcending the ‘pure discipline’, making the doctoral program to commence from a solid philosophical base that exposes the mind to tough arguments. Because of these emphasis on theoretical and methodological issues, the student can appreciate and can soon begin to question the underlying traditions and mechanisms across different spectrums of knowledge.

Then you go on to conduct research that gives you a lot of valuable experience such as the ability to write effectively and professionally; to learn to read from primary source formats, retain, and synthesize a lot of literature within a short time; to work in a team; to teach; to present at conferences and refine your public speaking skills; to learn to talk to different people in different ways (e.g. professors, colleagues, laboratory technicians, journal editors, peer reviewers, etc.); and to even do some administration. Due to the diversity of skills and experience that you get from the doctoral program, it cannot be denied that upon the completion of a genuine doctorate, a person should be able to construct and sustain complex arguments, ask interesting questions, and decide on appropriate methods to answer them.

It must be noted however that all these skills can equally be gained elsewhere (such as through a professional role in an office over some years), however, when a person has completed a doctorate, it is expected that such a person can develop and sustain some reasonable and appreciable level of critical thinking and evaluation; which are attributes for success in a postgraduate program. Although it must also be stated that the quality of doctorates can differ depending on several factors, which could include the structure of the program which varies from place to place; the excellence of the institution of study in terms of their research output and impact; the reputation of the supervisor amongst their peers; the strength of the results (and its scaled-up implications) in the sense of how acceptable they are for high impact journals; etc. Thus, the fluidity of any of these factors or a combination of it can influence the overall strength of the doctorate, and by consequence, the value of the experience gained from the process of earning the degree.

During my doctoral candidacy, I realized that the completion of the degree required creativity to elicit novel concepts and report the findings, as well as persistent practicality. My primary supervisor was a world leading researcher in his field and he published his work in the topmost journals in the energy discipline, believing that publishing in low impact factor journals can only do damage to a researcher’s reputation. I equally worked with a postdoctoral fellow as a collaborator, who published several papers in leading journals prior to receiving his own doctorate. These two people that I worked with not only imbued in me the qualities of ethical research, but they equally challenged me all the time by taking me onto paths of critical discussions. When my supervisor was convinced that any of his students were not critical enough, he could liken the student’s abilities to that of a technician, whose daily activity, he says, is mere routine work, that is artless and ingenuous.

During one of my progress review meetings, the committee chair advised that I read a lot of books on critical and systems thinking, and he equally confessed to me that as academics themselves, they do read a lot of those books every so often, to remain relevant in their jobs where they synthesize new knowledge.

When my friend, Mustapha Abubakar, presently of the United States National Cancer Institute, defended his doctoral thesis at the University of London, the last question he was asked by the external examiner was if the study program he had undergone had influenced his critical thinking abilities; required to become an effective academic researcher. His response to the examiner was that the program did not only influence his ability to be a critical thinker for effective researching, but that it has also made him a very critical person in his general approach to life. Many people agree that the ‘life lessons’ and thoughtful rigors learned from the doctoral study transcends knowledge in one area but shapes all aspects of our lives. Therefore, I expect it as the norm (rather than the exception) for all people who earned a doctorate to be critical thinkers, until they prove to me that they are not; which could then indicate that they might have gone through an irregular doctoral program.

News Headlines Dec 15, 2018. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

News Headlines Dec 15, 2018. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

Compiled by Demola Adefajo

The Punch
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The Nation

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The Sun
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Toasty beer carnival ignites Yuletide buzz at Eko Hotels
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How to prevent your kids from becoming gadget addicts
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How journalists can improve on their use of English – Prof. Adeleke Adelekan Fakoya
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Art masters unveil Bloom 1 at Alexis
Buhari told us economy’s in bad shape – Gov Yari

Daily Trust
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How Lagos guber candidates are shaping up for battle
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Why elephants are ‘invading’ Ogun, Lagos communities
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Buhari’s refusal to sign Electoral Act: What Nigerians think
What it’s like being non-Hausa in Kannywood – Esther Smart
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Lobi, Rangers chase elusive continental glory for Nigeria
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Japan leave Kagawa, Okazaki out of 2019 Asian Cup squad
Aviation workers threaten to disrupt elections, shutdown airport over owed allowances
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Power generation rises, TCN transmits 116,659.8 mw in November
Orphans in Kuje cry out for scholarships
FCT IPAC inaugurates new executives
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NESREA forum explores waste to wealth, environmental governance
Melting of Greenland’s ice sheet has ‘gone into overdrive’
Unilever gives N18m grant for waste management

The Guardian

Nigerian Army accuses UNICEF of sabotaging war against insurgents
PENGASSAN urges government to ensure resolution of minimum wage imbroglio
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13 years after, Supreme Court affirms Nwaukoni as Iyasei of Ogwashi-Uku
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Canelo’s Madison Square Garden debuts on DStv
Kanu’s visit excites patients at LASUTH
At Oduduwa School novelty match, old students task government on care for athletes
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2019 Elections: PDP Putting Lives Of Our Staff At Risk – INEC
Igbo, most marginalised ethnic group in Nigeria —Nwodo

Buhari meets with governors, says Nigeria’s economy in bad shape

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Jerry Gana displaces Donald Duke as SDP presidential flag bearer
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New Telegraph

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Tenant bathes landlord’s pregnant wife with hot water

Tenant bathes landlord’s pregnant wife with hot water

By Hameed Oyegbade, Osogbo |

A magistrate’s court in Osogbo, Osun State has ordered the remand of a woman who allegedly poured hot water on her landlord’s wife during a scuffle.

It was gathered that the accused person, Semiat Azeez of Okinni area of Osogbo brutalised Rukayat Lukman despite knowing she (Rukayat) was pregnant.

The police prosecutor, Fagboyinbo Abiodun, said the cause of the fight between the duo had not been established but that the accused person was being charged with assault.

He said while Semiat was remanded in prison, Rukayat had been taken to hospital for treatment.

However, at the resumed hearing of the case, yesterday, the family of the victim prayed the court to discharge the accused person to allow out of court settlement.

The landlord and his wife said they wouldn’t want the tenant to be in prison expressing regret over her action and sought forgiveness.

But the magistrate, Modupe Awodele, refused to discharge the tenant on the premise that she (accused) was callous to have assaulted a pregnant woman with hot water.

The magistrate further ordered her remand and summoned her parents to appear before the court on December 21 when decision would be taken on the matter.

Credit: Daily Trust

Minimum wage: Buhari meets with 36 state governors at Presidential Villa

Buhari meets with 36 state governors at Presidential Villa


President Buhari on Friday met behind closed doors with 36 state governors of the federation on the lingering disagreement between the organised labour and state governments on the proposed N30,000 national minimum wage.
The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) observed that some of the governors were represented by their deputy governors at the meeting which lasted for about 30 minutes.

President Buhari, had on Nov.19, held similar meeting with representatives of Nigerian Governors Forum at the Presidential Villa, Abuja, where the same issue of national minimum wage was deliberated upon.

Representatives of the Governors forum, who met with the president over the issue then, included governors of Zamfara, Lagos, Kaduna and Enugu, while the Minister of Labour and Employment, Chris Ngige was also in attendance.

The Amal Pepple Tripartite Committee on the Review of National Minimum Wage, had on Nov. 6, submitted its report to President Buhari where it recommended N30,000 as the new national minimum wage.

While receiving the report, the president expressed his commitment to ensuring the implementation of a new national minimum wage and pledged to transmit an Executive Bill (on National Minimum Wage) to the National Assembly for its passage within the shortest possible time.

However, the 36 state governors had since expressed reservation over the proposed N30,000 new minimum wage by the Amal Pepple committee, saying the state governments were not in a stable financial position to pay the new minimum wage.

The Chairman of the Governors’ forum and Governor of Zamfara, Alhaji Abdul’aziz Yari, had on Nov. 15, told newsmen at the end of an emergency meeting of the governors in Abuja that payment of N30, 000 wage was not practicable.

Policeman allegedly kills tanker driver over N1,000

Policeman allegedly kills tanker driver over N1,000

Posted By Precious Igbonwelundu

There was chaos at Trinity, Ajegunle area of Lagos State yesterday after a policeman allegedly shot dead a tanker driver for refusing to part with N1,000.

The suspected killer-cop was said to be an operative of the Federal Special Anti-Robbery Squad (FSARS) posted to Ajegunle to tackle traffic robbers along the Mile Two-Apapa axis.

It was gathered that trouble started after the driver insisted that he only had N500 to give the policeman, who got infuriated and fired the driver.

Other drivers who witnessed the incident were said to have descended on the policeman, who was rescued and taken away by his colleagues.

The policemen, who rescued the trigger-happy cop, allegedly shot in the air to scare the mob before they took their colleague away.

Not satisfied, the tanker drivers were said to have mobilised their colleagues from other parts of the state and they laid siege to the road to Apapa, worsening traffic congestion.

A source said the protesters burnt tyres on the road, while hoodlums capitalised on the protest to rob people.

The Nation learnt that some vehicles were vandalised, while commercial activities were paralysed.

As people scampered for safety, it was gathered that many sustained injuries.

A driver, Danladi Usman, said: “We are being over extorted. We pay N1,000 to the police. We pay to officials of the Lagos State Traffic Management Agency (LASTMA) and to local government officials. To worsen the matter, we pay to area boys. The extortion is becoming a burden on us. If we do not have money, they make us to pay with our lives. Is it a crime to be a truck driver?”

Police spokesman Chike Oti said details of the incident were still sketchy.

He said: “There was a crisis in the area and we heard that someone died in the crisis. The Commissioner of Police, Imohimi Edgal, has directed investigation into the matter. At the end of investigation, anyone found culpable will be prosecuted. However, the outcome of the investigation will be made known to the public.”

Credit: The Nation

News Headlines Dec 14, 2018. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

News Headlines Dec 14, 2018. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

Compiled by Demola Adefajo

The Punch
Afenifere, Ohanaeze back 71 Reps’ bill seeking parliamentary govt
I’m glad Senate didn’t confirm me, says Magu
FG not to blame for electricity crisis —Fashola
Court insists Kashamu, others’ expulsion by PDP remains nullified
Buhari writes N’Assembly, says ‘I’ll lay 2019 budget Dec 19’
Banks’ non-performing loans rise to N2.24tn
EFCC, Bet9ja hold anti-corruption marathon
$93.7m fintech: SystemSpecs, South Sudan firm signs MoU
CBN to track, stop bad debtors from further borrowing
FG declares Ikom, Yala LGAs in Cross River open defecation-free
My people can’t come for Christmas because of herdsmen – Anambra lawmaker
Akwa Ibom communities protest alleged neglect by power firm
Police deploy 2,000 personnel in Akwa Ibom to tackle kidnapping, others
Court remands man for alleged cultism in Rivers
Man jailed 15 years for kidnapping
Police reunite mother, daughter after two-year separation
Group donates food, grinding machines to FCT widows
Soldiers rescue abducted Nasarawa Lawmaker
Two Plateau college students still missing nine months after
I’m glad Senate didn’t confirm me, says Magu
Amosun meets APC reconciliation committee
Protest as F-SARS officer kills truck driver in Lagos
Ekweremadu, Lawan disagree over number of APC, PDP senators
Woman in court for assaulting beverage firm’s employee
Four feared killed in Lagos cult clash, families demand justice
Ritualists abduct sleeping mother’s newborn baby
Osun woman arraigned for pouring hot water on pregnant lady
Fuel tanker explodes in Rivers
Court nullifies APGA’s Anambra South senatorial primary
Ezekwesili promises to reduce poverty if elected President
APC accuses PDP of peddling lies on security
BREAKING: SDP scribe, Gabam, becomes Duke’s presidential running mate
Buhari’s withholding of assent to electoral bill in nation’s interest -Ayogu Eze
Banks’ non-performing loans rise to N2.24tn
When to open multiple bank accounts
Refineries will be repaired without govt fund –Kachikwu
Abdusalami makes a case for fewer political parties
Rangers out of Europa League, Eintracht fans run riot at Lazio
Europa League results
Unique Maradona shirt sold for €12,000
Radiohead, Janet Jackson, Cure lead 2019 Rock Hall of Fame class
PHOTOS: Mercy Aigbe, Desmond Elliot, Iyanya, others attend Buhari’s campaign event
2018 Soundcity MVP awards: Tiwa Savage, Yemi Alade, others top nomination list
Femi Kuti celebrates as son graduates from varsity
Beyonce, Hillary Clinton attend wedding of India’s richest daughter
Kevin Hart-Oscars fallout: Award may hold without an MC
Orange juice, leafy greens may cause decreased memory loss
Cybercrime, culture and mental health
Scientists to test vaccine made to fight epidemics
JUST IN: Sweden freezes support to UNAIDS until leader removed
Apple to build $1bn campus in Texas
Glo’s iWAN connects NNPC’s 139 operations
Editorial: 2019 polls: Demanding sea change in education
Governance takeaways from the upheaval in France
Angry Obaseki and demonstration farm called Discos
Towards workable university-industry linkage
Who killed them?

The Nation

2019: Buhari’s veto sparks battle of strength in Senate
Minimum wage talks at Villa today
Nigeria signs $1b Intra-Africa trade deal with Afreximbank
Nigeria owes IOCs $5.1b, says NNPC
Senate okays $1 billion cash for Ajaokuta
Insecurity: Kwara APC shelves campaign
‘Intelligence is required most in Boko Haram war’
19 freed as Imo decongests prisons
Oyetola inaugurates committee on Health sector
Seraph youth mega praise holds today
Police arrest five-man robbery gang
President promises adequate reward for party loyalists
LASU will get Faculty of Pharmacy, says Sanwo-Olu
Fayemi honours OAU’s best graduating student
How to check rot in state teaching hospitals, by NMA chief, others
2018 Rugby President Cup final: Cowrie eye revenge over Barewa
Barcelona coaches for Oshoala School Girls Football Clinic
Abu Azeez celebrates 100th beach soccer goal
19th National Sports Festival: Lagos dumps out Delta in squash
19th National Sports Festival: Rivers takes charge of taekwondo
PDP is day dreaming, says Kwara APC chair
‘APC’s victory in by-election was daylight robbbery’
Jibril: Nigeria needs power devolution
Senate okays $1 billion cash for Ajaokuta
N330b fine: MTN pays N165b to NCC
Lalong, farmers seek ways of improving agric yields
ZUMA ’18: Filmmaker Femi Odugbemi, others bag Lifetime Achievement Award
BON Award is foremost pan Nigerian event -Jury
How to check rot in state teaching hospitals, by NMA chief, others
Man, 69, blind, homeless cries for help
Children should not die of preventable deaths (Part 2)
Tenant ‘consumes N1.5m electricity illegally’’
Meat seller charged with secret cult membership
Police probe officer for ‘torturing good samaritan’
Resident seek expansion of Ikotun-Isolo road
WAEC worries over abandoned certificates
Erosion: Calabar community at the edge of the precipice
How photography lifted 10 young Niger Delta women
Navy organises championship to boost officers’ morale
Oil giant Agip celebrates Niger Delta farmers
Rights group advises Fed Govt on renewable energy
11 face court martial at 82 Div, Enugu
‘Thanks for paying our salary arrears’
US-based group gives free health care in Ebonyi
Methodist prelate: Nigeria paying for neglecting youths

22 House Members Move to Return Nigeria to Parliamentary System of Govt
Obasanjo: Don’t Instigate Press War, Fani-Kayode Warns Presidency
WTO Lists Benefits of AfCFTA for Nigeria, Others
Your Loyalty will Be Rewarded in 2019, Buhari Assures Supporters
OPL 245: FG Sues Shell, Eni for $1.1bn
House Members Threaten to Boycott Buhari’s Budget Presentation Wednesday
Magu: I Have Only One House
Buhari Appoints Hassan as New Minister of Environment
PDP, CUPP: INEC Plotting to Create Illegal Polling Centres in Chad, Niger
No diaspora voting in 2019, electoral umpire assures
CAN Denies Endorsing Buhari for Second Term
Onnoghen Orders Appointment of More Judges into Election Petition Tribunal Panels
Nigeria, AFREXIM Sign $1bn Loan Facility for Export Promotion Programme
Ekweremadu, Lawan Disagree over Numbers of APC, PDP Senators
People’s Will Must Prevail in 2019, Buhari Insists
Again, Governors Resolve to Meet Buhari over N30,000 Minimum Wage
FG Has Politicised Security, Says Wike
Towards Paradigm Shift for a Nigeria
That Ken Nnamani Outburst Against PDP
The Choice Before Ndi Imo
In Search of Transformational Leaders
Nosak Supports Drive for Domestic Production
Eczellon Capital Seeks MAN’s Partnership
NSE Recognises Market Operators for Performance, Compliance
Maritime Stakeholders Decry Sector’s Poor Contribution to GDP
Boosting Manpower Development in Aviation
Huge Debts, Recruitment May Push FAAN Into Bankruptcy’
Anthony Nzeako: Propagating Umukabia and the UN Goal For Sustainable Development
Clergy Harps on Unity Among Churches
Sanwo-Olu Makes Surprise Appearance at The Lord Chosen’s Hope for the Needy
Simba Group Endows Female Tricycle Riders
Gerard Bertrand Holds Wine Tasting In Lagos
Dufil Group Carts Away Eight Medals at 2018 ADVAN Awards

Daily Trust

Shopping for the holiday season
Suspected cultist in police net over firearm possession
Tenant bathes landlord’s pregnant wife with hot water
Man, 24, bags 5 years imprisonment for sodomy
Abductors of Benue NARTO officials demand N50m ransom
2019: Sowore protests non-inclusion among presidential debaters
2019: I will tackle poverty headlong if elected president – Ezekwesili
2019: INEC rules out Diaspora voting for IDPs
BREAKING: Process for selection of private investors for refineries concluded – Buhari
Fuel subsidy removal, key issue FG must address – Kachkiwu
BREAKING!!! Reps want Nigeria returned to Parliamentary system
Non-executive director for Chams
Lagos police nab five in-traffic robbers
Yuletide: NAFRC opens new park for kids
Late Vienna goal knocks Rangers out of Europa League
I’ll use technology to tackle insecurity – SDP guber candidate
2019: ‘Why campaign of calumny should stop’
Giroud stunner earns Chelsea late draw at Vidi
FCT, Rivers win beach volleyball gold
Ondo, Plateau advance to volleyball final
Air Peace begins MMA2 operations in January
NGOs call for commitment to end sexual, gender-based violence
Okam indigenes in FCT target N5m to expand community intervention
Martin Luther Agwai: The peace loving General @ 70
2019: Opposition versus state institutions
Three women
A look into Nigerians’ assessments of Buhari administration
Obi, Igbos and the wisdom of the West
Lessons from MA Abubakar’s politics without bitterness
UK Brexit: I won’t lead Tories into election – May
UNITED STATES: US unveils plan to counter Russia, China influence in Africa
SOUTH AFRICA: Zuma ordered to refund the state for his legal fees
Suspected cultist in police net over firearm possession
Man, 24, bags 5 years imprisonment for sodomy
Politics is making Zamfara’s health sector sick (a multimedia presentation)
Editorial: War against substance abuse
SON shuts 7 lubricant shops in Kogi, seizes substandard products
Outsourced UCH staff protest over 30 months salary arrears
FG working on early implementation of new minimum wage — SGF
In Sokoto, it’s income boom for onion farmers
A quick look into turkey farming
Our farmlands have been seized, Kano farmers’ enclave petitions FG
India offers N20m grant to digitize NIIA’s library
Buhari supports 65-year retirement age for teachers – Minister
Poor budget implementation affects Ogun’s education sector
And the devil came calling (II)
Muslim scholars move to fight Islamophobia
Muslim group to pay exam fees for students
Burna Boy, Wande Coal, Daddy Showkey, Teni to thrill fans at GOtv Boxing Night on Dec 28
Jammal ‘White Nigerian’ nominated for Future Awards
Orientation agency partners one Nigerian Reality Project to promote peace
Court restrains Kogi governor, assembly from tampering with CJ

New Telegraph

Buhari: We’re ready to fight oil sabotage in N’Delta
2019: People’s will must prevail – Buhari
INEC, Buhari plotting to Rig with Illegal Polling Centers in Chad, Niger – PDP
General Overseer abducted moments after church service
Ensuring safe motherhood, child delivery
2019: Osinbajo takes campaign to door posts of Lagosians
Reps threaten boycott as Buhari presents 2019 budget Dec 19
LASCOPA raids supermarket, confiscates expired products
Salako-Oyedele: Why we must tackle poverty, illiteracy among women
INSPECTOR HEADS ROBBERY GANG, CHEATS MEMBER of N2.8M: Suspect storms police station, surrenders self to expose crooked SARS officer
Two nabbed while planning abduction
Police arrest five suspected traffic robbers
Wike accuses FG of politising national security
Ensuring safe motherhood, child delivery
Salako-Oyedele: Why we must tackle poverty, illiteracy among women
APC to PDP: Elections’ll not be won on lies
Telecoms input to GDP hits N4.7trn in 9 months
Biafran leader arraigned after three months in detention, remanded
Telecoms input to GDP hits N4.7trn in 9 months
AHCN mulls construction of 37,000 housing units
Ganduje promises better deal for labour
Group tasks FG on increased funding for agriculture
Lawal slams Rohr over tech c’mtte
It’s tough to stop Hazard –Balogun
Osimhen to remain with Charleroi amid interest from Ajax
WAFU Cup: F’Eagles target final slot against Mali
Reekado Banks unveils Banks Music, days after announcing Mavin Records’ exit
Gunmen kidnap Benue NARTO chairman, secretary, demand N50m ransom
Calabar comes alive with traffic lights
Obaseki: Edo to boost agric sector with N5bn
Fayemi, World Bank, others laud Akeredolu on FOWOSO
Duke: We don’t need peace accord for elections
ONSA funds: EFCC prefers 59-count charge against Okupe


Funding Of S-East Devt Commission Worries Ohanaeze
South-East Economy Looks Forward To 2nd Niger Bridge
National Sports Festival: Lagos Loses Cycling Gold
Rural Electrification: Licensing Competition, Expatriate Quota Halt Progress — Experts
Local Content: NCC To Fund Research In Tertiary Institutions
Akeredolu Appoints Interim Chairmen For 18 LGs
Anambra Assembly Passes N157.17bn 2019 Budget
Gridlock: LASG Vows To Enforce Transport Sector Reform Law
Reggae Music As International Cultural Treasure
Subsidy: Reps Summon Finance Minister, NNPC Boss, PPPRA, Others
EFCC Appointments: Ibibio Youths Flay Buhari For Excluding S-South, S-East
Ekiti Gets World Bank’s $3m For Vocational Education
PIB: ‘Buhari Doesn’t Have Positive Plan For Niger- Delta’
Ensure N30,000 New Minimum Wage Kicks-Off Jan, OPS Tasks FG
Jakande At 80: Ex-Gov Remains My Leader — AGBAJE
Zoning Controversy Causes Mass Defection In Anambra APGA
We’re Still Operating In Delta — Shell
I won’t rush action on PIB – Buhari
EFCC slams 59-count money laundering charge against Okupe
Until fuel subsidy is removed, fuel crisis remains imminent – Kachikwu
Anambra South: Court sacks APGA Senatorial candidate, nullifies primary election result
Breaking: Reps threaten to boycott Buhari’s 2019 budget presentation next week
Police contradict self over legality of having sex in car
Nigeria wants its bronze statues back but British wants to loan it to us
Jakande at 80: Ex-gov remains my leader — AGBAJE
No vacancy in Alausa for PDP, others — LPM
2019 polls: Pro-Sanwoolu group holds public awareness
2019: Buhari re-assures int’l community of free, credible, peaceful polls
FG has politicised security —Wike
National Sports Festival: Lagos loses cycling gold
Rangers set to cut Ejaria loose
South Africa in moves to host 2019 Africa Cup of Nations
Unique Maradona shirt sold for 12,000 euros
‘Majority’ back 48-team Qatar World Cup, says Infantino
Radiohead, Janet Jackson, Cure lead 2019 Rock Hall of Fame class
Simi, Falz, Ahmed Musa headline nominees for 2018 The Future Award
FIRS generates N5trn, targets N5.3tr by year end
Libel suit: I have only one house —Magu
35 erring NYSC members sanctioned in Lagos

The Sun
71 Reps seek return to parliamentary govt
2019 budget: Rowdy session as Reps fume
Why Buhari didn’t sign Electoral Bill – Presidency
2019: Yakasai tacitly endorses Atiku for president
SDP replaces Duke’s running mate, Junaid Mohammed, with Shehu Gabam
Electoral Act controversy: I’m not desperate — Buhari
Presidency, Senate fight over 2019 budget
Tanker explosion kills 2 in Rivers
Kogi PDP youths urge Sartaki to swear in Alfa
Court restrains Kogi gov from removing CJ
2019 budget: Rowdy session as Reps fume
2019: It’s time to send PDP packing from Abia – Otti
APC postpones governorship campaign in Kwara over insecurity
Ezekwesili promises poverty reduction, if elected
There may be revolution in 2019 if… – Chris Sodje
Tax receipts now stand at N5tr – FIRS
NSE lists 406.07m SAHCO shares
Fidelity Bank produces new 13 millionnaires in promo
Union Bank shines at Sustainability, Enterprise and Responsibility awards
The high school reunion
Why North should not take the rest of Nigeria for granted
For progress, you need to change the play not the players (1)
Eight tears for the South, eight years for the North and zero years for Nigeria
Idris Kpotum Ibrahim: No! for 2019 elections
Miscellaneous election matters
Crisis looms as Fulani herders, Hausa farmers resumes hostility in Kaduna
Wike: Toast to the people’s governor
Okowa’s wife harps on mindset change for teachers
How possessive lover almost tore me away from family, friends – Pascal Ageh, OAP
An uncommon birthday for an uncommon man
Court restrains Kogi gov from removing CJ
Mbaka and the prophetic burden
This humbling journey through life


Candidates Protest Exclusion From Presidential Debate
Senate Approves $1bn For Completion Of Ajaokuta Steel
Nigeria Crude Oil Production To Hit 2.5mbd In 2019 – Kachikwu
Amosun Shuns Reconciliation Meeting, As Ambode Shettima Urge Submission To APC Supremacy
2019: No Cause For Alarm Over Appeal Court Ruling – Rivers APC
FG Endorses 65 Year Retirement Age For Teachers
Ending Violence Against Women In Nigeria: To What Extent?
How A Doctor Helped Turn Lagos Swamp To Sustainable Trade Zone
Obi, Igbos And The Wisdom Of Yoruba People
Nigerian Women Leading In Poverty – UN
Fashola Inspects Loko-Oweto Bridge
‘The Voice’ Final Four Revealed
K1 Ultimate Cancels Performances After Losing Saxophonist
Juliet Ibrahim, Olamide Headline MTV Base’s ‘Back To The 90s’ Party
9mobile Offers Bonus Data On MiFi Devices
Demi Lovato Tops Google’s List Of Trending Search 2018
Nigerian Women Leading In Poverty – UN
NASCON Launches New Dangote Seasoning Cubes
Negative Sentiment Persists As Stock Market Dips By 0.24%
ICT Sector Contributes N4.7trn To GDP In 9 Months
Glo Offers Customers 400 Games On Mobile App
Experts Express Concerns Over Alleged Insertion Into Reviewed NBC Act
Surrender PVCs In Your Possession Or Face Prosecution, NIS Warns Foreigners ‘Why Kwara APC Guber Campaign Flag-off Was Postponed’
2019: No Cause For Alarm Over Court Ruling – Rivers APC
EDITORIAL: APC Undoing Itself In Ogun, Imo And Zamfara
Liverpool Fan Describing Mo Salah’s Goal To A Blind Supporter Surfaces
2018 Rugby President Cup Final: Barewa RFC To Face Cowrie RFC
Jack De Belin: NRL Player Charged With Sexual Assault
‘The Voice’ Final Four Revealed
Demi Lovato Tops Google’s List Of Trending Search 2018
How A Doctor Helped Turn Lagos Swamp To Sustainable Trade Zone
Obi, Igbos And The Wisdom Of Yoruba People
Drug Abuse Among Youths: Causes And Solutions (2)
Where’s The Devil In The Electoral Bill?
Ending Violence Against Women In Nigeria: To What Extent?
Buratai Charges Troops To End Banditry In Zamfara
Anambra Assembly Approves N157.1bn Budget For 2019
Hate Speech, Fake News Threat To 2019 Elections – Lai Moh’d
Delta Assembly Passes N390.3bn Appropriation Bill
Police Prohibit Offensive Weapons, Destruction Of Billboards During Campaigns
N5bn Suit: No House Was Traced To My Wife – Magu
Obafemi Wins 9mobile Photography Competition
Total Cure For HIV To Be Achieved In 10 Years, Says NACA Boss

The Guardian
Reps begin push for parliamentary system
Nigeria files $1b suit against Shell, Eni in UK
EFCC files 59 charges against Doyin Okupe
Stray bullet kills tanker driver in Lagos
Court bars Kogi government from probing, suspending chief judge, chief registrar
RCCG ends faith summit
Police arraign 51 adherents of Judaism in Umuahia for terrorism, felony
FG lays foundation of gold refinery in Ogun
I have only one house, Magu tells court
Port Harcourt zone emerges winner in intra-command championship
Man United may face Porto or Barca in Champions League knock out stage
Delta clinches 2018 sports festival title, hits 85 gold
Nigerian swim school start-up wins African Entrepreneurship Award grant
How Rivers athlete Itsekiri won 100m gold at Abuja 2018 sports festival
Golfers brace for Copa Cobana tourney in Brazil
Clamour mounts for expansion of candidates in presidential debate
‘It’s disservice to Nigeria if PDP returns to power in 2019’
‘Campaign to free Lagos is quest for democracy’
‘INEC must shun incumbent interest to prevent election violence’
South African Artist Arrested Over Sex ArtWork
Kanye West Calls Out Drake
Donnie McClurkin survives accident four days after Experience concert
December concerts in Lagos: Protect yourself
Editorial: Begin Ogoniland cleanup now!
AFCON’s marketability threatened by hosting turmoil
‘New investments in key sectors to drive Nigeria, Norway trade ties’s
‘Maritime industry has capacity to drive economy’
Experts seek incentives to boost retail investors’ stake in stock market
Volatility persists as stock market plunges further by 0.24%
Improving access to affordable housing by the common man
Our country of supreme evil
Oyedepo’s antithetical gift to Buhari!
Was Abacha a much better national security officer?
NCC moves to order telecom operators to refund illegal deductions from subscribers

Air Pollution Causes Miscarriage, Stroke ― Expert Warns

Air Pollution Causes Miscarriage, Stroke ― Expert Warns

A public health expert, Dr Tolulope Tolufase, has warned that air pollution can cause non-communicable diseases like stroke, diabetes, miscarriage, dementia, Parkinson disease and poor development in children.

Tolufase, who is the President, Moole Charity Foundation, said this in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Wednesday in Lafia.

He said that people are ignorant of the magnitude of danger that air pollution resulting from man’s harmful activities to the environment could cause.

The public health expert said that some of man’s harmful activities include gas flaring, indiscriminate burning of fossil fuel like firewood and tyres, indiscriminate felling of trees and other activities.

Tolufase said the recent World Health Organisation (WHO) global air pollution meeting held in Geneva, had it that one in every nine deaths in the world was caused by air pollution.

“Research has shown that non-communicable diseases such as stroke, dementia, diabetes, miscarriage, poor development in children and Parkinson diseases are caused by air pollution.

“The effects of air pollution cannot be over emphasized. WHO reports that 4.2 million people, the world over, die every day as a result of air pollution.

“The report said 92 per cent of world population live in places where the air is being polluted, it means that you and I are breathing bad air,’’ he said.

The expert enjoined the populace to take proactive steps to stop burning fossil fuel such as firewood and tyres indiscriminately to lower carbon production emissions in the environment.

Similarly, he appealed to the government to intensify awareness campaign against indiscriminate felling of trees, burning of tyres and other activities capable of causing air pollution.

“Government should intensify awareness campaign, also look into places where gas flaring is taking place; and people should replace every tree they fell,’’ Tolufase said.

The health expert urged that viral influenza common with harmattan should not be treated with antibiotics.

“People should not treat flu with antibiotics because it is a viral infection; you are also advised to wear clothes that can keep you warm and also take a lot of water to keep you from dehydration,’’ Tolufase advised.

Why you need to check your eyes once a year – Optometrist

Why you need to check your eyes once a year – Optometrist

Dayo Ojerinde

An Optometrist at the Ultimate Eye Clinic, Lagos, Dr Emeka Iwuala, has stressed the need for a regular eye test to check the underlying problems in the eyes.

In an interview with our correspondent, Iwuala said some eyes diseases like glaucoma don’t have signs and symptoms and can develop in the eyes without the patient knowing.

“The reason we do preach that people should check their eyes at least once in a year is that there might be some underlining problems in the eyes which one can’t know without going for an eye test.

“Your vision might be good, but your ocular health may be very poor and you can’t judge ocular health with the way you see. That is why we recommend that even if you see very well, you need to check your eyes at least once in a year,” Iwuala said.

He also noted that exposing of the eyes to computers and phones for longer periods can cause computer vision syndrome because they emit ultraviolet light which is dangerous to the eyes.

“Some people can stay all day on phone and computer, and this can lead to a situation where they will start feeling strain around the eyes, while for some people it comes with a headache.

“What we advise people that spend much time on the computer is for them to get an anti-reflective coated lens which will help them to reduce the amount of rays that enter the eyes from the computer,” Iwuala noted.

The Optometrist also advised people who work on the system for a longer time on a daily basis to practice the 20:20:20 step, which means working for 20 minutes on the system, staying away 20 feet from the system for 20 seconds. He also advised people not to spend more than three hours on a computer at a stretch so as not to cause injury to the eyes.

Credit: The Punch

Glaucoma: How to avoid, survive loss of sight

Glaucoma: How to avoid, survive loss of sight

Josfyn Uba, Christine Onwuachumba and Gloria Ikegbule

AS often said, ‘in the land of the blind, a one-eyed man is king.’ Similarly, in the land of the sighted, every man is king. It goes to say the eye is a reverend organ in the body, a sense organ that man fears losing.

In some quarters, the eye is called the ‘lamp of the body.’ It is no wonder the Holy Book records this about the eye: “if the eye is healthy, the whole body will be full of light. But if the eye is bad, the body will be full of darkness.”

Many defects harm the eye spreading darkness over the body but the one doctors call the silent thief of the eye is glaucoma. It is a common eye condition where the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain, becomes
damaged. It is usually caused by fluid building up in the front part of the eye, which increases pressure inside the eye. Glaucoma can lead to loss of vision if it isn’t diagnosed and treated early.

In medical terms, glaucoma describes a group of conditions in which there is characteristic cupping of the optic disc with corresponding visual field defects, due to retinal ganglion cell loss. It is a progressive condition and the most common cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. It is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide.

Glaucoma is said to be an eye disease that has no cure and leads to total blindness. This eye disease comes upon
her victim like a thief in the night, appearing suddenly on one eye and attacking the other, if not nipped in the bud, to cause total blindness.

Based on these findings, Daily Sun sought the views of some renowned ophthalmologists in Nigeria on how best to tackle this dangerous eye disease.

Dr. Kunle Hassan, the Chief Medical Director, Eye Foundation Hospital Group and Deseret Community Vision Institute, Ikeja, Lagos said after cataracts, glaucoma is the second most common condition diagnosed in his hospital

He noted that glaucoma doesn’t usually cause any symptoms. For this reason, many people do not realise
they have glaucoma, unless picked up during a routine eye test. This, he concluded, is why glaucoma is often
called, the silent thief of sight.

Dr. Hassan
Describing how it attacks a person, Dr. Hassan explained that glaucoma typically has no signs in the early
stages. As the disease progresses, it usually damages the outer edge of the vision, working slowly inward. Without regular check-up the victim may not notice a problem until it is near the centre of the vision. Interestingly, glaucoma, he contin- ued, attacks males and females equally.

Worldwide, glaucoma is known to affect those in their 70s and 80s. However in the black populations, glaucoma is mostly seen among people in their 40s.

The reason for this is not known exactly, but glaucoma tends to occur at a younger ages and is more aggressive
in black populations.

Another amazing revelation by Dr. Hassan, who is the Past President, Africa Ophthalmology Council and
member, International Council of Ophthalmology Emeritus Group, is that no particular food or drink contributes
to causing glaucoma. And there is a possibility of a patient getting into depression or attempting suicide on account of being diagnosed of glaucoma especially at a late stage.

He explained that the only modifiable risk factor for glaucoma is intraocular pressure. However, this eye disease can also occur in patients with normal pressures. Other possible factors include Ischemia, which is the lack of oxygenated blood supply to the optic head.

He pointed that there is a greater prevalence of glaucoma in the southern regions, adding that a person is more at risk of developing glaucoma if a family member has it, hence, he advised that if a family member is diagnosed with glaucoma, their siblings and children should go for an eye exam once a year to be screened for it.

He said: “Glaucoma cannot be cured or prevented, but can be detected early by going for yearly eye examinations.

Its management helps to preserve vision, by reducing intraocular pressure to a safe level specific to the individual
patient. It is also important to realise that all interventions for glaucoma, whether eye drops, laser or surgery,
are aimed at reducing the intraocular pressure.

“Glaucoma treatment should begin as early as possible. Once diagnosed, patients should adhere to the eye drops
prescribed. It is dangerous stopping the use of medication as it can lead to irreversible blindness. In some cases surgery is indicated if pressures are difficult to control, or if a patient has difficulty complying with medications. Where the patient is young and the glaucoma is aggressive, surgery might be the first option in order to reduce the pressure.

“Awareness is extremely important. Most people will not experience symptom until a great deal of damage has already been done to the nerve. To prevent this, please see an ophthalmologist once a year for an eye exam. If examined and there is a suspicion of glaucoma, the relevant tests can be done and treatment started before you start to notice a problem with your vision.

“Basically, the importance of people coming for screening early, and having yearly eye checks is so that this eye defect can be prevented and good vision can still be preserved. And those who have been diagnosed at a late stage, there are low vision clinic available to help make the best of what vision the patient has left if severely
vision impaired. There are also rehabilitation centers that can help patients adapt to being blind and if depressed, it often helps to speak to a psychologist or a psychiatrist.”

According to a Delta State-based expert in ophthalmology, the cause of glaucoma is unknown. However he noted that there are some causal factors.

The first, which is age, he says, is common among people above 40 years. Another one is hereditary. Furthermore, if a family member has had it, there is a higher chance of it also affecting other family members or

Having been in the profession in the last 20 years, Dr. Hassan said those who have eye diseases constitute approximately about one per cent of the world population, and out of this one per cent, glaucoma accounts for
about 59 per cent. It is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world.

Another eye specialist, who chose to be anonymous, argued that “glaucoma is a very dangerous eye defect because it has no symptoms initially. Before it starts giving the patient problem, the person would have lost
over 80 per cent of his vision. At this point, it does not cause pain, has no redness or itch. Even the sufferer does not know that he is losing his vision which is why it is called the thief of the eye.”

He continued that there are variants of glaucoma. According to him, there is close angle and open angle types.

“Close angle glaucoma is not common in this part of the world. What we have here is open angle glaucoma with no pains, no headache until very late when the patient starts noticing that everywhere is hazy and smoky. The worst is that any part of your vision lost to glaucoma is irreversible,” he said.

The expert pointed out that those who say glaucoma cannot be operated upon are completely ignorant of the disease and are not properly briefed on how to manage it.

He affirmed that the best approach to managing glaucoma was surgery, while noting that before an eye doctor operates a patient, he should make the patient realise that even after the surgery he is not going to see better
that he was seeing before.

“And the doctor must define to the patient the purpose of the operation, which is, to preserve what is left of his vision and not to regain what he had lost. But, if he does not do this operation, the chances of him losing
his vision is high,” he said.

Admonishing further he said: “A glaucoma patient who opts for eye drops in the treatment of the eye defect is more like postponing the evil day. How long are you going to use it? At a point, you will get tired of using
eye drops and it is not going to stop the disease either.

“As soon as you are up to 40, regular examination of the eyes is very important because the damage done by glaucoma is gradual.”

Also sharing his experience on glaucoma, Dr. Sunday Abu, Chief Medical Director, Havillah Eye Hospital, Abuja, told Daily Sun that majority of people come late for treatment at a time when they cannot help them.

According to him, “it is important for everyone to understand that glaucoma is a silent disease; people are not aware of it. People come to the hospital only when they notice that something is obviously wrong with their eyes, including very learned people.

“The bottom line is for people to go for early detection. For this to happen, people must bring themselves for check-ups in the hospital when everything seems normal. It is also important that awareness be created so that people will know the implications of delay. It is only when it is detected early that something can be done.”

Putting the ratio of people suffering from this disease worldwide at 16 per cent, Dr. Abu said glaucoma was prevalent in every region but the mode of presentation may differ. In communities where people take their health matters seriously, they may come early to see the doctor and he may be able to salvage the situation, he said.

He said: “Glaucoma is symptomless until late stages. When you wait to see the symptoms, it would have been late. The symptom usually is that one cannot see well with the eyes and at that point, it is already late.

“The point is that people should go for checks when nothing seems to be happening. It will only take a sense of willingness for people to walk into the hospital for an eye check when everything appears normal.

Those are the ones you can catch early and do something about, but those that wait to see symptoms before they come to the hospital would have presented very late.

“There are different types of glaucoma. There is glaucoma associated with trauma but it is not the one we are talking about. This one we are talking about has an unknown cause. It is a chronic disease in the eye and you can’t find any history of anything that has happened to the eye.

“It is good to also note that glaucoma can be genetic. In 10 per cent of people who suffer from glaucoma, it runs in their family. If you have a relation who has suffered from glaucoma, it is an indication that you can have it, hence, your determination to go to the ophthalmologist for checks should be more than the person who has no relative suffering from it,” he noted.”

Dr. Abu
Talking about misdiagnosis in the detection of glaucoma, Dr. Abu said it is possible in Nigeria going by lackadaisical attitude of some health practitioners.

According to him, “you see different categories of people when you go to the hospital. There are different grades of eye care workers and it depends on who you are seeing. You would see people who would just give glasses and you go while you are harboring more serious problems.

“This is why creating of awareness on glaucoma should be part of our programme, generally, not only for the eyes but on other categories of diseases. There should be regular programmes in both print and electronic media for people to understand the seriousness of the disease.

“With Africa being home to superstition, dogmas and other types of cultural inhibitions, awareness should be able to break those barriers that keep people away from seeking medical attention. The fact that your father or relative died of an ailment doesn’t mean that you too should just sit at home and die the same way.

“As far as I am concerned, nobody wants to go blind. The fact that your father died blind is the major reason you should go for regular checks so that you don’t die blind.

“However, we cannot do much of awareness and enlightenment programmes without the government. With government apparatus, it becomes big enough to reach everybody.

This is to say, there is not much individuals can do. But if government collaborates with the private health sector, they both achieve the desired impact.”

Glaucoma: Patient speaks

Talking with a glaucoma patient gave an insight to the reality of the situation. Mr. Michael Bassey was a police officer with the Nigerian Police Force when he was diagnosed of glaucoma on his right eye in 2011.

He told Daily Sun that he had no inkling that he had the defect. He only recalled that on his way to work one morning, he felt something entered his eyes. It was not itching him; rather he noticed he was having
blurry vision on the affected eye.

He visited the hospital and after three weeks there, his eye was confirmed to have been affected by glaucoma at the Daughters of Charity Eye Clinic in Benin City

Mr. Bassey who is presently retired accounted that the eye defect did not cause him his job as on-looker rarely noticed he had problem with his right eye.

He said: “Having glaucoma did not affect my job. Only my boss knew about my condition. My colleagues knew after my eye surgery when they saw me carrying a bandage.

“I consider myself lucky because once the eye goes bad, I can never recover the eye. It did not give me any sign, only that I noticed I was not seeing very well with that eye. I was told if I had not sorted for medical attention early, it would have deteriorated to affect my left eye.”

The retiree said he is on a continuous drug treatment to prevent the disease from spreading to the other eye.

Data analysis provided by College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, states that more than 100 thousand cases on glaucoma are recorded per year in Nigeria. It also said glaucoma, which can be chronic to last for years or lifetime rarely affect those between the ages of 14 and 18.

However, very susceptible to being affected are those between the ages of 19 and above. Data from population-based surveys indicate that glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness, accounting for eight per cent of blindness among the 39 million people who are blind worldwide.

In Africa, glaucoma accounts for 15 per cent of blindness and it is the region with the highest prevalence of blindness relative to other regions worldwide.

The national blindness survey in Nigeria in 2005-2007 glaucoma was the second commonest cause of blindness (16.7%) (prevalence 0.7%; 95% CI: 0.6-0.9)

Symptoms of glaucoma include blurred vision, or seeing rainbow-coloured circles around bright lights. Both eyes are usually affected, although it may be worse in one eye.

Credit: The Sun

Police Arrest Father For Allegedly Defiling Own Daughter

Police Arrest Father For Allegedly Defiling Own Daught

THE Police Command in Lagos state has arrested 58-year-old commercial motorcyclist, named withheld, for allegedly defiling his 14-year-old daughter.

The Commissioner of Police in the state, Mr Edgal Imohimi, confirmed the arrest on Tuesday in Lagos while addressing newsmen on various arrest made by the command.

“The Command Gender Unit is investigating a case of defilement reported by a 14-year-old girl against her father of Charismatic Road, Abule, Berger, Ikorodu, Lagos.

“According to the survivor, after her father, a security man and commercial motorcyclist had defiled her, she reported the case to her mother who did not believe her and warned her not to tell anybody.

“She added that because of her mother’s inaction, she ran away from home and sought refuge in the home of her father’s friend,” he said.

The commissioner said that the victim had been referred to Mirabel Centre for medical examination.

Imohimi also said that the Gender Unit of the command had commenced investigation into a case of defilement at Selewu area of Ikorodu in Lagos.

He said that the case was reported by one Mrs Obinna, on behalf of her 6-year-old daughter, against a 64-year-old carpenter of the same address as the complainant.

“During investigation, it was revealed that on Dec 3 at 10 p.m, the suspect took the survivor into his room and inserted his fingers into her private part.

“However, her mother noticed that her daughter was unnecessarily irritated and withdraw, so she began to ask her questions and she revealed to the mother what her uncle, name withheld, had done to her,” he said.

The commissioner said that investigation was ongoing on the cases, adding that the suspects would be charged to court soon.