Health benefits of bitterkola

Benefits of Bitterkola

by Nwokorie Jennifer

Bitter kola also known as Garcinia kola is a specie of flowering plant in the Guttifeae family. It has been used for centuries in “Folk medicine“ to treat aliments from fever and cough.

According to report from the Center of International Forestry Research, Bitter kola trading is still important to the tribes and villages in Nigeria. It is used by African medicine.

The seeds are used for treating cough, fever, head and chest colds, throat infections etc.

Bitter kola has many benefits which most people are not aware of.

Some of these benefits are:

1. It improves the functions of the lungs: Bitter kola helps to treat chest cold and asthma. It also stabilizes the other counter effects in the system and helps to increase immunity level, thus making the lungs perform well.

2. It fights Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a condition of increased pressure within the eyeball which can lead to loss of sight. It could lead to permanent blindness if not treated early. But, Bitter kola has been found to be the cure\remedy for the eyes. When Bitter kola is taken often it helps to reduce the eye pressure. It also improves the clarity of the vision.

3. It improves Sexual Impotence: Bitter kola improves the sexual performance in men. Before sexual intercourse you are to take at least two or more Bitter kola.

4. It fights against STDs: Sexual Transmitted Disease (STD) is a dangerous disease that is contracted through Sexual Intercourse. This disease can be transmitted through passing of blood or other bodily fluids and sharing of sharp objects. But here, Bitter kola have serve as a medicine that will fight against STD. It also cleanses the effects, and enhances the function of the liver and gall bladder. Is seen as the anti-bacteria fighter.

5. It is an anti-malaria agent: Bitter kola helps to fight against malaria in the system. Bitter kola has some chemical constituent that fights and make the system healthy.

Credit: The Nation

News Headlines Nov 8, 2018. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

News Headlines Nov 8, 2018. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

Compiled by Demola Adefajo

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News Headlines Nov 7, 2018. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

News Headlines Nov 7, 2018. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

Compiled by Demola Adefajo

The Punch

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Customers beat up Interswitch agent over N2m failed…
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2019: We have capacity to mobilise for Atiku/Obi in Diaspora – Adimachukwu
No court of law has declared Atiku corrupt – Garba
Buhari, Atiku not good for Nigeria – Sani
SDP crisis: Gana asks court to disqualify Duke as presidential candidate
Akwa Ibom: Why Emmanuel deserves to be re-elected – Inyangeyen, Works commissioner
Senate probes NNPC diversion of $1.05bn NLNG dividend
Nigeria tops African countries remittances inflows, says Emefiele
Loan portfolio’ll gulp N400m of our new funds – Okafor, May & Baker bos
America’s $1.3bn investment in Nigeria threatened – Consul General
Dollar ends winning streak before elections, Euro struggles
2019 Elections: NYSC says corps members will not work in volatile regions
Higher philosophy of Christian marriage (2)
Reasons for writing my polygamy series (2)
Is president Buhari’s travel ban on Nigerians constitutional? (2)
Making Abuja a true centre of unity and tourism
APC primaries: There is fire on the mountain
The Shiites and their reputation
Kano Assembly shuns court order, continues Ganduje bribery probe
Bayelsa: Dickson buries mother Dec 8
Osun Assembly passes Social Protection Bill 2018, amends Service Commission Bill
Democracies of direct and indirect primaries
Unending controversies over Buhari’s WASC certificate
Oshiomhole, APC and bad losers
Atiku and the Nigerian dream
The Kaduna killings
Is president Buhari’s travel ban on Nigerians constitutional?

Daily Trust

…It was a case of theft — Police
Deaths on Mediterranean Sea alarming — IOM
Hydrologists allay fears of earthquake
N-power participants allege diversion of allowances
Ogun to employ 30 doctors, 100 nurses
No forex sold for rice importation in 2018 – CBN
Zamfara governor rewards driver, 2 communities who recover bandits’ rifles with N4m
Bandit killings: Deploy Army to Zamfara, Reps tells FG
NANS gives FG 7-day ultimatum over ASUU strike
Billionaire publisher, Sunny Odogwu dies at 87
I rely on God for 2nd term — Gov Udom
Osun Assembly passes Social Protection Bill 2018
PRP to replace Kano gov’ship candidate today
PDP asks Prince Charles to speak to Buhari on 2019
INEC begins display of voters register for public scrutiny
Red Star Belgrade stun Liverpool as Monaco tumble at home
Afelokhai replaces injured Uzoho in Super Eagles squad
First Bank tackle Dolphins for Zenith Bank Women League title
Financial inclusion: CBN to create non interest window
Experts canvass use of tech to boost Nigeria’s aviation, agric sectors
Collapsed tower in Gusau threatens power supply in Sokoto, 2 others
Court jails 2 motorcycle thieves
‘I’m impressed by parents’ compliance with polio immunisation’
I will achieve 8 points agenda – Acting SEB chair
Have we lost the battle to evil?
Readers must be heard
Thoughts on Labour’s strike
Budget: No, Mr. President, blame yourself not N/Assembly
On conventions and audacious gambles
IRAQ: IS left 200 mass graves in Iraq – UN
Editorial: As Nigeria hosts APU confab
Atiku asks Buhari to fulfil promise on minimum wage
Strike: ASUU OAU tells students to vacate campus
NANS gives FG 7-day ultimatum over ASUU strike
Britain’s Idris Elba named People mag’s ‘sexiest man alive’
Tiwa Savage, Hauwa Ojeifo win at MTV EMA
Camila Cabello wins big at MTV EMA
How FG, African Nature Investors move to conserve, revamp national parks
Environment degradation: Forum wants global alliance switch from fossil fuels
UN: Ozone layer finally healing after damage by aerosols
N21.4bn fraud charge: Court reserves ruling against Amosu, others for Nov. 13 on amended charge
Orji Kalu given 7 days ultimatum to appear in court
Illegal mining: FG withdraws suit against Dan-China, 16 Chinese nationals
FCT Health gets new secretary
Flutterwave hires CEO, director
Conoil appoints Kheterpal as acting managing director

Vanguard

EFCC Removes Benedict Peters From Wanted List
Segun Arinze, Onyeka Owenu, Victor Osuagwu Star In Historical Movie “The Chronicles”
NDIC To Meet Depositors’ Claims On Failed Microfinance, Mortgage Banks
Sonny Odogwu, Business Mogul, Dies At 87
NEWMAP Resettles Erosion Victims In Enugu
STRIKE: FUTO Grounded, As ASUU Ensures Full Compliance
Ex-Gov Attah Now Chancellor Of Western Delta University
My Daughter Can’t Stand My PartnerIkpeazu Has Failed Us, Abia Pensioners Cry Out
Anambra School Where Students Manufacture Paints,Weld,Build
Time For FG To Re-Establish Education Bank To Boost Education Among Youths (2)
APC Chieftain Alleges Plot By Some Members To Factionalise Party In Bauchi State
Massive Investment Crucial To Off-Grid Development -Stakeholders
PDP Did Nothing In 16 Years, Akpabio Tells Defectors
Lam Adesina’s Son, 3 Other Reps Dump APC For PDP, ADC, Labour, Accord
afana Bafana Coach, Baxter Risks Sack
Kogi Community Seeks Recognition For Festivals
‘How N30,000 new minimum wage sailed through’
Court to rule on final forfeiture of N2.2bn suit against ex-Air Chief, Amosu
Buhari receives Prince Charles in Aso Rock
I’m committed to having new National Minimum Wage – Buhari
US Report on Rice import fake as Atiku Media Organisation goofed – Lai Mohammed
Minimum Wage: Buhari, Ngige, Pepple, Wabba meet in Aso Rock
PDP, CUPP condemn failed assassination attempt on Ekweremadu
Senate’ll probe NNPC claim on diversion of NLNG fund —Saraki
Nigeria name strong squad for AWC
Nigeria for maiden West Africa Triathlon Championship
Iwobi tops Nigerian players’ rich list
Rohr picks Afelokhai as Uzoho’s replacement
My daughter can’t stand my partner
Segun Arinze, Onyeka Owenu, Victor Osuagwu star in historical movie “The Chronicles”
Veteran highlife musician, Emmanuel Ntia, dies at 94
Baddy Oosha denies rift with Olamide, says he’s his brother
NDIC to meet depositors’ claims on failed microfinance, mortgage banks
Senate to engage FG, ASUU over strike
METRO
100 PUWOV members begin training at Police College
Rack Centre MD to speak at Africa FinTech Summit
Media urged to raise awareness level on prevention of Mother-To-Child transmission of HIV/AIDS

Tribune

Prince Charles meets Buhari in Aso Rock
FULL TEXT: President Buhari’s remarks at receipt of national minimum wage BREAKING: Buhari endorses N30,000 minimum wage for Nigerian workers
VIDEO: President Buhari receives Prince Charles, wife, Princess Camilla in Aso Rock
President Muhammadu Buhari on Tuesday received Prince Charles and his wife, Princess Camilla at the Presidential Villa, Abuja. Prince Charles and members of his entourage arrived the State House at about 2.20p.m. Buhari, who welcomed […]
Buhari asks Senate to confirm Izuwah, DG ICRC
PDP North West Publicity Secretary defects to APC
Construction of $134m Ibadan Dry Port set to commence
Ondo youths protest over abandoned projects, shut NDDC office
Youths protest against Anglican Bishop over religious politics I
PDP guber candidate for Kaduna dispels fake certificate rumour
Dogara condemns assassination attempt on Ekweremadu
Ondo APC denies sidelining Oke supporters
Nigeria tops list of Africa’s diaspora remittance recipients ― CBN
May & Baker Nigeria grows Q3 profit by 241%
My tourism blueprint will turn Mahin Kingdom into paradise —Prince Arowojolu
Kiriji Cultural Foundation set to launch projects at war site
Aquatech Wonderland and Lakes at Adeoyo, IbaHow we can reduce maternal mortality in Nigeria —Dr Ola Brown
Invest in clothes that flatter your body shape!
Renmoney appoints Tobi Boshoro as new CEO
Zabazaba project FID coming before year-end —Kachikwu
Senate stresses support for 2020 gas flares out date
Chevron enters into gas delivery agreement with Egbin power plant
Stakeholders see Dangote Refinery as key to transforming Nigeria’s economy
EDITORIAL: The Shiite killings
SCOAN and Nigerian returnees
Militias posing threat to our democracy

The Guardian

How I escaped assassination, by Ike Ekweremadu
Labour sets two-week target for minimum wage law
Afelokhai joins Akpeyi, Ezenwa in battle for Eagles’ number one shirt
Ekweremadu victim of burglary attempt, police say
EFCC removes Benedict Peters’ name from wanted persons list
Niger governor presents N159.5b to assembly
Senate committee bemoans low allocation to ministry, agencies
ASUU strike paralyses academic activities at UI
Why corruption thrives in Nigeria, by NEITI
Ebie preaches discipline, fair play at Delta Principals’ Cup
First Bank meets Dolphins in NBBF Women’s Basketball League final
NOC holds northern patrons’ investiture in Abuja tomorrow
El Marino Sports Club gets new officials, makes case for home-based players
AFN board member Ebewele in car crash, battles for survival
400 level NOUN student wins second Four-Inch Heel Race
Billboard Names Ariana Grande Woman of The Year 2018
New Album? Fans Discover Leaked Ariana Grande Songs
Taraji P. Henson Delays 2019 Wedding
‘Plastics may outweigh fishes in ocean by 2050’
‘Value creation, addition to economy remain DPR’s mandate’
Tax institute strengthens ties with ICPC, FRC over evasion, reporting
NPA pursues ISO 9001 certification
Editorial: Tax management: Look up to Nigerian hills
How should Nigerian Leftists vote?
Interfaith confab: Harmony without justice?
Falae’s stewardship and vision for Nigeria – Part 2
Peter Obi as Atiku’s joker
How KStar technologies can aid business growth
Cybercrime attacks rise by 30% in Africa
Glo claims 4G LTE service availability in 36 states
Broadband penetration hits 23%, says minister
Schneider Electric gets certification on Nigerian facility
Nestoil Group records over 98% Nigerian workforce
Stakeholders decry fiscal malpractices in oil sector
NCDMB, indigenous producers move

New Telegraph

Buhari to labour: Don’t let politicians use you
Senate probes NNPC over diversion of $1.05bn NLNG dividend
Okorocha sues IGP, EFCC, demands N1bn damages
Stop lamenting, face governance, Fayose’s aide tells Fayemi
Okowa to CAN: Pray for Nigeria’s unity, peace
Gen. Alkali: Lalong slams community, religious leaders for hiding criminals
Kaduna killings: Nigeria’s Ambassador reacts, call for Peace
Lagos DPO tear gassed my eye for reporting a man who raped me” 15-year-old girl tells court
NYSC, CBN, BoI parley to assist corps members
EFCC removes oil mogul, Benedict Peters, from ‘wanted’ list
NDIC: Skye Bank’s resolution saved 6,000 jobs, N949bn deposits
Volleyball League: NSCDC, Nigeria Customs win first matches
Need for re-organization of Nigeria’s healthcare system
Sanwo-Olu, Hamzat’s ticket excites Lagos APC chairman
Buhari: I’m depressed by killings in Nigeria
Amosun: We’ll accommodate minimum wage in 2019 budget
New Telegraph Awards: Encouraging initiative –Tambuwal
Senate: Scorecard of ex-governors
Ekweremadu: Assassins after my life
‘We planned our madam’s kidnap because she is wicked’
Inspector found dead inside pit
‘I murdered pastor for breaching agreement’
I killed my neighbour because I don’t forgive easily –Suspect
Six Kogi students win Fanwo’s N670,000 essay competition
Gunmen kill father, abduct daughter
Need for re-organization of Nigeria’s healthcare system
Cross River guber: Parties gear for a three-horse race
Fashola to deliver YABATECH’s 32nd convocation lecture
Uzodinma to Okorocha: You underestimated your dwindling popularity
2019’ll prove that APGA has come to stay – Obidigwe
2019: PT leads newly registered parties with 194 contestants
Stop lamenting, face governance, Fayose’s aide tells Fayemi
NIBSS: 15.6m bank accounts opened in 9 months
Cashew exporters earn N293.7bn in 3 years
Maritime Academy slashes cadets’ admission by 90%
AWCON 2018: Falcons’ players lament shoddy preparations Players
We’ve good replacements for Uzoho – Agu
Amapakabo inspects Asaba stadium
We’II revenge South Africa defeat –Ikpea
Of Fractals and Embryos: Arikpo, O’nali explore human evolution
Nigerian Breweries promotes talent through poetry festival
Uyo International Theatre and Film Festival set to hold
EDITORIAL: 2019: Peace initiative, a timely move
New Telegraph Awards: Encouraging initiative –Tambuwal

Buhari approves N30,000 as new minimum wage

BREAKING: Buhari endorses N30,000 minimum wage

Olalekan Adetayo, Abuja

President Muhammadu Buhari on Tuesday endorsed N30,000 as the new national minimum wage.

He said this while receiving the report of the Tripartite Committee on the Review of National Minimum Wage at the Presidential Villa, Abuja.

The report was submitted by the committee’s chairman, Amal Pepple.

Buhari has also promised to send a bill to the National Assembly to effect the change from N18,000 to N30,000.

Credit: The Punch

News Headlines Nov 6, 2018. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

News Headlines Nov 6, 2018. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

Compiled by Demola Adefajo

The Punch

Labour suspends strike, tripartite panel submits report to Buhari today
209 cases worth N6tn pending at tax tribunal – FG
FG saves N24bn monthly through TSA, other – Buhari
INEC removes 300,000 names from voter register
Union Bank, LASG, insist on improved investment in education
NNPC, Shell, ExxonMobil considering crude-for-product swaps
Lagos oilfield output drops, further drilling expected in 2019
Economy will improve with better management – Olawepo-Hashim
Partial compliance in varsities as ASUU begins strike
Police quiz murdered Credit Switch chairman’s wife
Parents of stranded quadruplets at National Hospital seek help
One killed as soldiers, protesting youths clash in Rivers
Parents of stranded quadruplets at National Hospital seek help
Benue family tragedy: PUNCHman, SUN reporter attacked
Senate makes a U-turn, lifts embargo on Buhari’s appointments
Atiku supporters warn Ezekwesili
South-West govs ask FG to link Apapa port with railway
106 members injured by army, police need urgent treatment — Shiites
Co-defendants testify against ex-NIMASA DG
Americans go to polls today
Labour strike: Buhari begs NLC
NLC, help Nigeria with the right strike
Missing General: Lalong visits widow, says killers won’t escape justice
Gunmen abduct ex-NBA chairman, kill wife, demand N50m
Army, police have killed 492 Shiites — Falana
Pastor refuses to wed couple after three HIV tests
Coalition alleges plan to hack INEC servers
Omisore did not present himself for senatorial ticket– SDP
Ekiti PDP rejects Olujimi, restores Fayose as leader
Dickson, PDP protest as Bayelsa gets seventh CP
Oshiomhole blackmailing me over Imo Catholics –Okorocha
2019 polls: 364,265 PVCs not collected in Ondo
‘Boroffice not our candidate in Ondo’
After 36 years as president, 85-year-old Paul Biya begins a fresh seven-year term
NNPC, Shell, ExxonMobil considering crude-for-product swaps
Economy will improve with better management – Olawepo-Hashim
Senate’ll probe NNPC’s diversion of NLNG dividend – Saraki
NLC strike: Dana Air to reschedule, reroute flights
209 cases worth N6tn pending at tax tribunal – FG
FG saves N24bn monthly through TSA, other – Buhari
Eagles won’t miss injured Uzoho against Bafana –Ex-keepers
AWCON: Dennerby drops Dike, Sunday, picks Nnadozie, Ihezuo
3SC manager Lawal congratulates Benin Arsenal
Akwa United sign Brazilian coach
Benin agog as Insurance inch closer to NPFL promotion
Dolphins, MFM complete back-to-back wins
US rapper Mac Miller died of drug overdose —Coroner
Camila Cabello sweeps MTV Europe awards
Tiwa Savage becomes first female to win MTV Best African Act
Airtel, Glo battle for second place in telecoms industry
Internet freedom worsens in Nigeria —Report
Inlaks, Temenos to execute core banking projects in Cameroon, others
Web browsers that protect online activity
Editorial: Beyond NEC’s 15 per cent for education

The Nation
Govt ’can’t meet ASUU’s demand now’
Two million to get Tradermoni by Dec.
Alleged N4.7b fraud: EFCC re-arraigns Ladoja
Panel to propose N30,000, N24,000 minimum wage
Court declines Labour’s request to compel payment of N30,000
Gen. Alkali’s suspected killers arraigned in Jos
Navy seizes N46m worth of contraband Oshodi interchange ready first quarter of 2019
Seven jailed for rape in Akwa Ibom Lagos APC to PDP: Sanwo-Olu is prepared
Gana seeks Donald Duke’s nullification as SDP candidate
Ogun APC, Amosun, Abiodun and challenge of reconciliation
Why opposition parties endorsed Sanwo-Olu, by CPP
‘Urhobo is marginalised’
Ikpeazu distributes medical equipment worth millions to health centers
Minimum wage: FG, Labour should find middle ground, says Saraki
EFCC re-arraigns Ladoja for diverting public funds
14-year-old makes history in Paraguayan derby
TSA, BVN, others save Nigeria N24.7b monthly
Coker is ADCA Sec-Gen
NIMASA to make Nigeria African maritime hub
The Lagos-Ibadan standard gauge conundrum
Cellulant Listed on KPMG’s 2018 Fintech100
Operators to govt: fix faulty radios at airports
ASUU LASU chief’s son dies in road crash
Three fuel attendants arrested, three others held for ‘robbery’
Assembly passes tourism bill into law
Truck driver, motor boy face theft charge
Church holds convention
One-chance drivers on the prowl

The Sun

2019: INEC removes over 300,000 voters from register
Resolve Apapa gridlock, South West governors tell FG
‘Obi never demolished Mosques in Anambra’
Neighbourhood Watch to commence operation – Wike
New minimum wage is N30,000
FG’s promises are cheap – ASUU
Okorocha loses again as court nullifies suspension of 5 Imo lawmakers
Lagos Assembly passes bill to establish Tourism Promotion Agency
Video clips: Don’t jump to conclusion, labour leader urges Kano residents‎
Gov. Shettima swears in 21 commissioners
2019: coalition says some politicians plan to distabilise the country’s peace
APGA primaries: Oye urges aggrieved members to forgive party’s mistakes
Why I want to govern Lagos – Gbadamosi
America’s $1.3bn investment in Nigeria threatened – Consul General
Dollar ends winning streak before elections, Euro struggles
Time to power the power sector
Celebrating presidential WAEC result
Freedom fighter’s mental haemorrhage
Dangerous sense of entitlement
NNL: Bendel Insurance FC beat 3SC to go top of Group B1
13%: OMPALAN appeals to oil-producing states for equitable distribution
2019 AFCON Qualifier: Baxter names Bafana Bafana squad to face Nigeria
Retooling Nigeria’s governance system
Woman of the Sun: Lady Veronica Eche, social worker
Buhari and WAEC certificate saga
Threat of cancer-causing school uniforms
Minimum wage: Challenges and reality
Justice for Ochanya Ogbanje

Daily Trust

‘I’m impressed by parents’ compliance with polio immunisation’
I will achieve 8 points agenda – Acting SEB chair
We’ll partner stakeholders to curb crime – Zuba DPO
Abaji chairmanship candidate urges youths on sports activities
Why some women experience cryptic pregnancy
Why we are not going on strike again – NLC
Drama in court as arraigned NIMASA DG suffers diarrhea during trial
NNPC may sign oil swap deals with Shell, ExxonMobil – Official
Foreign airlines may operate during NLC strike
UPDATED: Alleged bribery: Court stops Kano Assembly from investigating Ganduje
2 school children die in Makurdi auto crash
EFCC re-arraigns Ladoja, others over N4.7bn alleged fraud
Candidates’ list: Ignore Secondus, Ogun PDP tells INEC
Display authentic voters’ register, Secondus tells INEC
Thugs clash with aggrieved Atiku supporters
Ghana 2018: 23 Falcons off to Abidjan for final camping
Uzoho says there are capable hands to replace him
Oboh makes LET Qualifying School finals
Lagos trade fair: Japan unveils new products for women
Dangote group to unveil new products at Lagos fair
NLC strike will generate more visitors for Lagos trade fair – LCCI
I will achieve 8 points agenda – Acting SEB chair
We’ll partner stakeholders to curb crime – Zuba DPO
Readers must be heard
Vacancy for Mr. Fix It
USIP 2019 prediction and Shehu Sani’s reaction
CAMEROON: Nearly 80 school children kidnapped in Bamenda
IRAN Sanctions: Rouhani defiant as US re-imposes measures
UNITED KINGDOM: UK army to recruit from Nigeria, other Commonwealth countries
Editorial: Tragic case of Ochanya Ogbanje
City Brain AI tames urban problems in China
Battery life in latest phones worse than in older models, new study finds
Smartphone with bendy screen unveiled in China
Oyo college lecturers, workers call off four-month strike
Industrial Training Fund trains 120 physically challenged on skills acquisition

New Telegraph

BREAKING: Labour suspends planned nationwide strike
Lighting up widows, youths’ lives
100 aspirants in Ondo sue Oshiomhole, INEC, APC
Don’t go on strike, Buhari begs Labour Cambridge: Why we can’t authenticate Buhari’s result
VAT removal: Antidote to reduced air fares?
11 unions vow to ground hospitals, schools, transport
Alaafin of Oyo: Coping with a disintegrated empire
Oil firms flare 2,750.54MW worth of gas daily
New Telegraph Award, credit for sustainable developmental goals –Access Bank
New Minimum Wage: Labour suspends strike
Woman locks housemaid inside toilet, goes to church
Village head, 18 others arraigned for Alkali’s murder
Ijebu-Jesa holds monarch’s first coronation anniversary
Prophet in court for duping church member of N54.5m
Rivers: One killed, policeman, four others injured during protest
UBTH doctor slumps, dies after performing four surgeries
Gunmen abduct ex-NBA chair
Credit Switch chair’s murder: Police awaiting autopsy report –CP
Succession: Hope dashed for second term deputy govs
Okorocha: The czar learns the hard way Sex-for-mark: Provost reads riot act to lecturers
SDP crisis: Jerry Gana seeks Donald Duke’s disqualification
Sanwo-Olu’s endorsement by some parties fraudulent – Salis
Three female presidential candidates shameful – Anifowose
Religion and politics: 2019 rekindles debate
VAT removal: Antidote to reduced air fares?
Oil firms flare 2,750.54MW worth of gas daily
Shell’s operations cash generation hits $12.1bn in 3 months
‘We don’t charge customers N100, 000 for prepaid meters’
NCC Tennis League: Teams Offikwu, Leadway Assurance, Tech Vibes, Goshen qualify for semis
Nigeria won’t escape defeat in Jo’Bourg – S’Africa coach
Eagles won’t miss Uzoho against B’ Bafana – Dosu
Iwobi overtakes Ndidi as Nigeria’s most valuable player
Zenith Bank Women’s B’Ball League: MFM maintain winning streak in Final Six
Nigerian player dies in Turkey
EDITORIAL: Kanu’s renewed call for election boycott
New Minimum Wage: Labour suspends strike
2019: INEC, CSOs parley on voter education, mobilisation
Court nullifies suspension of Imo lawmakers, fines Okorocha, speaker N8m
Primaries: APGA denies swindling aspirants of N2.7bn
APC loses 4,000 members in Kwara
Ekiti PDP rejects Olujimi, restores Fayose as leader

Nigeria loses top FDI destination to Morocco, South Africa
How 2019 might be free-for-all in Cross River State
Judiciary has undertaken internal cleansing more than other two arms of government’
Family requests return of Khashoggi’s remains
Electoral bodies should be subjected to public scrutiny, says INEC boss
Panic buying as Nigerians prepare for labour strike
Osinbajo takes TraderMoni to Ketu, Bariga, Oshodi markets
ICT boosts GDP by 12% in second quarter
Ogoniland clean-up a grand fraud, says Rivers governor, Wike
Falcons off to Abidjan for final African Women Championship camping
Ripples of the Paris Masters
Helicopter tragedy will haunt me forever, Leicester’s Schmeichel says
Nigerian striker dies of heart attack during match
Smalling hails Man Utd’s ‘never-say-die’ spirit
Guardiola says managing in England is ‘dream come true’
We must step up regulations for technology-driven process’
Unity Bank de-risks balance sheet to increase value
Index down by 0.24% as stock market reopens bearish
Social media and facing tragedy Editorial: Shi’ites demonstrations: Handle with care
Imohimi Edgal: Rebranding, battling crime in Lagos
Shiites and their reputation
Celebrating UI at 70 – Part 2
Tasks before Osun governor-elect

Tribune

Candidates list: Ogun PDP urges INEC to ignore Secondus
Minimum wage: FG, Labour agreement to be announced 4:15 p.m. as strike called off
BREAKING: Labour suspends strike
LAST HOUR MEETING: Labour insists on N30,000, FG N24,000, no agreement reached
Alleged N378bn NLNG scandal: PDP challenges Buhari, APC to speak out
Senator Kashamu files fresh suit to stop extradition to US to face drug charges
FRSC vows to reduce road crash through intelligence patrol
EFCC re-arraigns Ladoja over N4.7bn alleged fraud
Akpobolokemi’s co-defendants accused of stealing N754m
Lawyer of freed Christian woman in Pakistan flees to the Netherlands
Prince Charles will not apologise for UK role slave trade
Mexican drug lord ‘El Chapo’ trial approaches
How to send large files via email
EDITORIAL: As Nigerians sink further into poverty
Nigeria’s education sector: Lessons from Finnish system
Buhari and his security effort in North East
Kwara 2019 and challenge of APC’s sharing formula

Leadership

Respite As Labour Shelves Planned Nationwide Strike
INEC Deletes 300,000 Names From Voter Register
Uproar Over Diversion Of N378bn NLNG Dividend
en Alkali: Buratai Indicts Security Agencies, May Sanction Officers
81 People, Mostly School Children, Kidnapped – Sources
Mid-Term Elections: U.S. Warns Russia, China, Iran To Stay Off
UATH Hails NLC, FG Over Strike Suspension
Lobi Stars, Pillars, Others For Gold Cup Tourney
NNPC To Endorse Crude Swap Deal With Shell, ExxonMobil
As Quarry Owners Resume Operations In Abuja
Diamond Bank Enlightens SMES On Nigeria/China Currency Swap
America’s $1.3bn Investment Threatened, Says Consul-General
‘Shi’ite/Military Clash Won’t Affect Sports Festival’
Entrepreneurship Education And National Development In Nigeria
US Crude Dips 4 Cents, Settling At $63.10
Khashoggi’s Sons Ask Saudi Arabia To Return Father’s Body
Nigeria Feeds 9million Pupils Daily
Diamond Bank Enlightens SMES On Nigeria/China Currency Swap
America’s $1.3bn Investment Threatened, Says Consul-General
US Crude Dips 4 Cents, Settling At $63.10
PMB Will Win 2019 Election – Akpabio
2019: Will Minimum Wage Be Albatross For Politicians?
2019: APC Still Party To Beat In Abuja – Secretary
Secondus Urges Vigilance Over Voter Register
Lobi Stars, Pillars, Others For Gold Cup Tourney
Ghana 2018: Super Falcons Off To Abidjan For Final Camping
Tottenham Faces Do-or-die Clash At PSV Eindhoven
Agric Student Wins 2018 Music Icons Reality Show
EDITORIAL: Election Boycott Not An Option
Needless Hoopla Over PMB’s WAEC Certificate
How PMB Changed Narrative Of Insecurity In North East
NNPC Probe: What It Tells About The Legislature
As Quarry Owners Resume Operations In Abuja
NSC Cuts Shipping Charges At Seaports
SAHCO To Sell 406m Shares
Reining In Mercury Emissions
Minister Tasks Tax Commissioners On Integrity, Professionalism
Paint Consumption In Nigeria Hits N96bn
AfCFTA Can Propel Africa Towards Greater Development – Enelamah
NCC, Stakeholders Brainstorm On Regulation Of Satellite Services
FG Assures Canadian Mining Investors Of Business Friendly Environment

ThisDay
Relief as FG, Labour’s Agreement on Minimum Wage Averts Strike
INEC Delists 300,000 Ineligible Voters, Publishes Register Today
LCCI: Infrastructure Deficit Erodes Nigerian Business’ Competitiveness
Ekweremadu, Wife, Son Escape Assassination Attempt
Bill Gates Stuns Audience with Jar of Poop
Ghana 2018: Super Falcons off to Abidjan for final camping
Immigration Officer, Others Lands in Prison for Attempting to Procure Illegal Nigerian Passport
Governor Emmanuel’s Silent Revolution
New Era of Innovative Lending to MSMEs
Edo Gov Rewards Bendel Insurance with N25m
*Says club’s triumph over 3SC and hope of promotion to NPFL is promise kept
Ex-Abia Warriors Brazilian Coach Now to Handle Akwa United FC
2018 Rainoil Open Tennis Tournament to Serve off Nov 8 in Lagos
Aviation Agencies Groan under N45bn Debt by Airlines
Saraki Decries Use of $1.05bn NLNG Dividends for Fuel Subsidy
•PDP asks president to speak on expenditure
NPDC, Neconde Begins Joint Gas Production, Delivery
Interswitch Partners Microsoft on Blockchain Technology
Governor Emmanuel’s Silent Revolution
PT Tops Newly Registered Parties with Highest Number of Candidates
NIPSS, Political Parties call for Regulations on Campaign Spending
Lagos Has Nothing to Show for 20 Years of APC Rule, Says AD Gov. Candidate
Ezekwesili Restates Commitment to Poverty Alleviation
CPPP Backs Sanwo-Olu’s Governorship Bid
Group Berates Atiku over Dubai Meeting
Interswitch Partners Microsoft on Blockchain Technology
Derefaka: Why Nigeria Can No Longer Tolerate Gas Flare
‘Emotan Gardens Estate Will Bridge Housing Deficit in Edo’
Ecobank Incentivises Customers on ‘Rapidtransfer’ App
Ghana 2018: Super Falcons off to Abidjan for final camping
MFM Maintains Winning Streak in Final Six
Messi May Return against Inter Milan Tonight
EDITORIAL: THE THREAT OF CLIMATE CHANGE

Vanguard

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Minimum wage: Labour suspends strike as committee meets Buhari today on new figure

Labour suspends strike, tripartite panel submits report to Buhari today

•Tripartite panel submits report to Buhari today
•New minimum wage to be unveiled on Tuesday
•Partial compliance in varsities as ASUU begins strike
Olalekan Adetayo, Ade Adesomoju,Leke Baiyewu, Maureen Ihua-Maduenyi, Ochei Matthew and Enyioha Opara

Organised labour has called off the nationwide industrial action scheduled to commence on Tuesday (today) to press home workers’ demand for a new national minimum wage.

The National Chairman of the Nigeria Labour Congress, Ayuba Wabba, announced the suspension at the end of the 10pm meeting of the tripartite committee set up to come up with the new minimum wage on Monday.

Wabba said the decision to suspend the action was reached after agreements were reached and documents signed.

“Having reached this position and agreements signed, the proposed strike action is hereby suspended,” the labour leader said.

Wabba, however, refused to disclose the figure of the new minimum wage arrived at by the committee.

He said the figure would only be made public after the committee’s report would have been presented to President Muhammadu Buhari by 4.15pm on Tuesday.

He, however, said only one figure would be presented to the President.

The Chairman of the committee, Amma Pepple, expressed delight that their assignment had been concluded.

“I am happy to report to you that we have concluded our assignment and we will submit our report to the President by 4.15pm on Tuesday.

“We will reveal the figure at the presentation,” she said.

The Secretary to the Government of the Federation, Boss Mustapha, thanked members of the committee for doing a wonderful job.

He described the process as a long journey.

“The committee has worked assiduously to reach the conclusion,” he said.

Earlier, the tripartite committee set up by the Federal Government to come up with a new national minimum wage for the country concluded its assignment on Monday.

The committee chaired by a former Head of the Civil Service of the Federation, Amma Pepple, had recommended two figures, N24,000 and N30,000, for minimum wage.

Pepple disclosed this to journalists at the end of the committee’s marathon meeting held to beat the indefinite strike action declared by labour unions and scheduled to start on Tuesday.

In the process of negotiation, state governors said they could only pay N22,500; the Federal Government proposed N24,000 while the labour and organised private sector settled for N30,000.

The labour and the Federal Government did not shift ground at the Monday meeting.

Pepple said the committee would present the two figures to the executive arm of government which will take a final decision after due consultation.

She said the final decision would thereafter be sent to the National Assembly.

“We have concluded but we have a little challenge about Chapter 5 of our report. That is the section where we report the negotiation and the figures we used for negotiation and the figure that we concluded on.

“The committee came up with two figures. The Federal Government suggested N24,000 and labour as well as the organised private sector gave a figure of N30,000.

“There is no stalemate. We have finished and we have signed the report but what we are insisting on is that the strike should be called off. We are waiting for the President to give us a date to submit the report. The report will go through a process. It will go through the Federal Government as well as the National Assembly.”

On the industrial action scheduled to commence on Tuesday, Pepple said, “We have pleaded with them (labour leaders) to call off the strike and they have said they are going to consult. So we are likely to come back. We shall be reconvening at 10pm.”

The Minister of Labour and Employment, Chris Ngige, also told reporters that the government was making progress.

He insisted that the N24,000 figure of the Federal Government was based on ability to pay and sustainability, stressing that the state governors who proposed N22,500 would have no choice but to adopt the Federal Government’s figure.

The minister said, “We are making progress. The governors’ figure should be the figure of the Federal Government. We are just trying to carry them along; otherwise, the Federal Government speaks for the government.

“The figures are standing but you know that there are other processes. It will get to the National Economic Council, Council of State and then an Executive Bill will be sent to the National Assembly.

“The Federal Government figure of N24,000 is noted and it is also weighty because it is based on ability to pay and sustainability.

He added, “The labour is satisfied. We have done the needful and we have crossed the Rubicon. The only aspect we need to do now is to fix an appointment to present the report to the President.

“We are reconvening tonight because that appointment has to be made. Mr President has gone home; he is not just sitting idle. We have sent message to the place and we are making necessary contacts. If we get the appointment now, we will reconvene and decide what to do.

“The state governors have no choice now because they have attached themselves to us as the supreme sovereign, they are the minor sovereign.”

Representatives of the labour union that attended the meeting have yet to speak with journalists as of the time of filing this report.

While some of them left and insisted that they would not talk until after the meeting slated for 10pm, some others remained at the venue of the meeting.

The Kebbi State Governor, Atiku Bagudu, who represented governors on the committee also did not talk to journalists before leaving the venue.

The Minister of Finance, Zainab Ahmed; and the Minister of Budget and National Planning, Udo Udoma, also refused to talk to journalists.

The two ministers left the venue earlier than others.

While the reconvened 10pm meeting of the tripartite committee was still ongoing, the Head of the Civil Service of the Federation, Mrs Winifred Oyo-Ita, on Monday night ordered all workers to ensure they resume at their duty posts on Tuesday.

She said the order became necessary because the National Industrial Court had restrained the Nigeria Labour Congress and the Trade Union Congress from embarking on strike from Tuesday as scheduled.

The order was contained in a circular titled ‘Notice of court injunction on proposed strike action: Directive for compliance’ and dated November 5, 2018.

The circular was signed on behalf of the HOCSF by the Permanent Secretary, Service Welfare Office, Mrs Didi Walson-Jack.

She asked all Permanent Secretaries to ensure strict compliance with her directive.

The circular read, “The attention of the Head of the Civil Service of the Federation has been drawn to the order of interim injunction by the Abuja Division of the National Industrial Court of Nigeria dated November 2, 2018 restraining the Nigeria Labour Congress, the Trade Union Congress and their members from embarking on or taking part in the strike or industrial action to commence on Tuesday, November 6, 2018.

“In view of the above, I am directed to inform you that all staff are expected to continue to report at their duty posts to carry out their duties pending the hearing and determination of the motion on notice for interlocutory injunction.

“All Permanent Secretaries and Heads of extra-Ministerial Departments and Agencies are to bring the content of this circular to the attention of their staff and ensure strict compliance.”

Earlier, President Muhammadu Buhari had on Monday appealed to the leadership of the Nigeria Labour Congress to consider the rot, he claimed, his administration inherited and call off its planned strike.

Buhari made the appeal at the Presidential Villa, Abuja, when he received members of the Association of Retired Career Ambassadors of Nigeria led by Ambassador Oladapo Fafowora.

The appeal came barely 24 hours to the commencement of the indefinite industrial action called by labour unions to press for a new national minimum wage.

Buhari said the workers needed to show more understanding.

“President Buhari also appealed to the Nigeria Labour Congress to consider what this government inherited and the more it is doing with fewer resources in putting the economy right,” a statement issued by his Special Adviser on Media and Publicity, Mr Femi Adesina, read.

Buhari assured Nigerians that his administration would sustain investments to upgrade and develop the country’s transport and power infrastructure.

He said, ‘’There is no part of the country I haven’t been to, having attempted to be President four times. I know the condition of our roads. The rails were literally killed; there was no power despite the admittance of some previous leadership that they spent $16bn on the sector.

“Today, we are getting our priorities right and we believe that of the three fundamental issues we campaigned on, security, the economy and fighting corruption, we have remained very relevant and Nigerians believe we have achieved something.”

Buhari’s appeal came just as the National Industrial Court of Nigeria in Abuja, also on Monday, rejected a request for a fresh order to stop the organised labour from embarking on its planned strike scheduled to commence on Tuesday (today).

The court presided over by Justice Sanusi Kado also refused to grant a prayer for an order to compel the government to immediately commence the process of adopting N30,000 as the new national minimum wage.

Justice Kado said it would be unnecessary to make another order stopping labour from embarking on the planned strike having earlier made a similar one in a case brought to the court by the Federal Government on Friday.

The Federal Government had filed its suit following the threat by the organised labour, comprising the Nigeria Labour Congress, the Trade Union Congress, and the United Labour Congress, to embark on strike if its demand to increase the national minimum wage from N18,000 to N30,000 was not met.

Contrary to the labour’s demand, the Federal Government said it could only pay N24,000 as minimum wage and the state governors under the aegis of the Nigeria Governors’ Forum, had stuck to N22,500.

The lingering dispute between government and the labour prompted the Federal Government to seek and obtain the court order to stop the strike. Labour however denied receiving any notice or order from any court.

The fresh ex parte application seeking to stop labour from embarking on the strike and to also compel government to commence the process of paying the N30,000 minimum wage was filed by a civil society group, Kingdom Human Rights Foundation International.

The group’s lawyer, Mr Okere Nnamdi, at the Monday’s proceedings, informed the court that he filed his client’s ex parte motion alongside other processes on November 1.

He urged the court to grant the prayers, including the one seeking an order of substituted service of the court processes on the governors joined as the 10th to the 45th defendants in the suit.

But the judge immediately cut in, asking the lawyer if it would still be necessary to proceed to hear the application, in view of the Friday’s order made by the same court.

Okere conceded that he was aware of the order made by the judge on Friday.

But Nnamdi argued that his ex parte motion was different from that of the Federal Government, save for the prayer seeking an order stopping the planned strike, which is contained in both applications.

The judge insisted that the court having, on Friday, granted an order to stop the strike, there was no longer any form of urgency in the matter, and as such, it was not necessary to compel the government to start the process of adopting the N30,000 as the new national minimum wage.

Following the judge’s explanation, the plaintiff’s lawyer applied to withdraw two of the prayers having to do with the request for an order stopping the planned strike and the other seeking to compel the government to pay N30,000.

Strike threat causes panic

In response to the workers’ strike, residents of Asaba and environs on Monday abandoned offices and stores to besiege various bank galleries in Asaba, the state capital, to make withdrawals ahead of today’s strike.

Our correspondent’s survey across the state revealed that there were unusually long queues of customers withdrawing money from virtually all the Automated Teller Machines of commercial banks, especially within the Asaba metropolis.

One of the customers, simply identified as Okechukwu, said he was shocked to see such an unusual crowd, despite the fact that neither the state nor the local councils had paid the November salaries.

Another customer, Mr Monday Jindu, told The PUNCH that attention was shifted to the ATMs because of the failure of some of the banks to attend to the customers.

“I enter inside the bank, the queue is long, even the PoS inside the bank was not working and I came back to ATM again, yet unable to dispense cash. The problem is that tomorrow is strike, so coming back tomorrow is another issue because no money will be in the ATM.

“I have gone to three banks this morning to withdraw, I couldn’t, some banks that have up to three to four ATMs, only one will be working which cannot serve the crowd.”

An old woman who did not want her name in print said she had to join the long queue despite health challenges because there were rumours that the banks might fully join the strike.

“I am here to withdraw the little balance I have in my two accounts before the money in the ATMs is exhausted. I had spent all I have on my children who went to school on Sunday.” she said.

Credit: The Punch

Managing mental health issues

Managing mental health issues

By Geraldine Akutu

Experts say one of the biggest challenges facing mental health in the country is stigmatisation, low level of knowledge and awareness regarding mental health. President, Resident Doctors’ Association at Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, Yaba, Dr. Raliat Akerele in this chat with GERALDINE AKUTU, enlightens on mental health, treatment of mental disorders and how families can help their loved ones with mental illness.
What does it mean to have a mental health issues?

To understand mental health illness, we need to understand mental health first.

Mental Health is an individual’s ability to recognise his or her talents, use it to cope with everyday life stresses, while working productively and fruitfully and contributing to society.

Therefore, mental health disorder occurs, when an individual loses these functions.

It is an illness with psychological or behavioural manifestations in thoughts, emotions, beliefs, and behaviour of an individual.

This means the individual starts to think strange and unusual things and act out of character.

Who does mental illness affect?

It can affect anyone regardless of age, gender, tribe, religion or socio-economic status. Most mental illnesses start during adolescence and maintain a lifelong course.

What causes it and what are some of the warning signs?

There are numerous causes of mental illness but for ease, I’ll divide it into biological, psychological and social causes.

Biological factors like defective genes that form due to injury to the foetus in pregnancy can lead to a mental illness later in life.

These genes could also be inherited from parents or grand parents, meaning it’s a familial disorder.

Another biological cause of mental illness is long-standing medical conditions like hypertension, diabetes and sickle cell disease, among others.

Note that a gene is a very important part of the cells in our body, which controls our growth, development and our physical characteristics.

Psychological causes of mental illness include, personality traits, which can predispose an individual to develop a mental illness.

For example, there are people that require excess approval to function. They are more at risk of a depressive illness, if they don’t get the validation they need.

Another cause of mental illness is environmental/social factors. These are life events that can either be positive or negative e.g. parental neglect in childhood, pregnancy or delivery and loss of job, among others.

All these factors interact and exert their influences on the brain in a nature and nurture interplay, thereby, altering the way the gene is expressed.

The extent to which these factors are implicated depends on the individual’s level of resilience.

Visible warning signs of mental illness are persistent unusual thoughts and or behaviour that cause distress to the individual, society and affect the individual’s functioning.

I stress persistent, because we all behave out of character occasionally for one reason or the other.

Examples of these are talking to self, undue suspiciousness and decline in personal hygiene to name a few.

Can one have mental health condition and not know?

People who have mental illnesses usually are initially aware that there has been a change in their behaviour, or how they perceive things, but the stigma borne of ignorance that persists with mental health issues does not allow them to accept it. When the condition progresses, they lose that awareness.

More so culturally, Nigerians have a strong bias to label unusual phenomenon as spiritually caused and we are more comfortable with that option. However, not all mental illnesses cause loss of awareness about the condition.

Does stress lead to mental illness?

Stress is a very important precipitant of mental illness. Note that I said precipitant. T

his is because the individual would already have been predisposed to having the illness during pregnancy or childhood by some of the factors I mentioned earlier.

So, recent stressful events like infertility, loss of spouse and even financial constraints, which is a form of stress, can then precipitate the illness.

What treatment options are available?

We have come a long way from treating mental illnesses with exorcism, rituals, flagellations and bloodletting. Treatment options include medications, depending on the particular condition, psychotherapy (talk therapy), social therapy and other physical therapy.

Social therapy is targeted at resolving the life event that might have precipitated the breakdown, because if it persists, it’s an ingredient for delay in resolution of symptoms or future re-occurrence of symptoms.

Other physical treatments include use of electroconvulsive therapy and neurosurgical procedures that are usually not the first option.

How does one handle a mentally ill person before help arrives?

To ensure that a person suffering from mental illness is taken care of before he or she gets available treatment, the onus lies on the family and friends to be empathetic and supportive.

Let the individual know (s)he is not alone and reinforce this at every opportunity.

Then reach out to a specialist for more information on signs the family has noticed, so that useful information can be passed along to the sufferer, which will convince him/her to present in the hospital.

Despite this, some individuals would still be in denial and would have to be brought to the hospital via subterfuge.

Above all, always reassure them that their experiences though unusual can be managed, that there is hope and they are not alone.

It will be counter productive to deny the signs or encourage them to visit religious homes only, because early presentation in the hospital produces the best outcomes.

What is the role of family and society in managing mental illness?

The family and society have a huge role to play in mental health issues, because these are the people those with mental illness interact with daily.

Any stereotypical comment or discrimination can affect them adversely, causing a reoccurrence of symptoms.

This can lead to loss of productivity in the individual, which will ultimately affect the family and society.

Since the family and society are a large body of people compared to just an individual, there is the advantage of being able to pool resources, such as donation of funds for acquiring office space for clinics and residential treatments, training of staff, organisation of mental health awareness campaigns, subsidising mental health care (MH care isn’t under NHIS), so that those affected can afford treatment and providing motivation and support for those in recovery.

Volunteering in existing mental health institutions is also a way for the family to be involved in the care of these people.

Above all, government has to pass the mental health Act, which outlines a structure for promotion of mental health, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of mental illnesses.

Ctedit: The Guardian

Keeping the female reproductive organ safe and healthy

Keeping the vagina safe and healthy

Monica Taiwo
The woman’s vagina is designed to naturally keep itself clean with the help of its natural secretions or discharge. For all women, looking after your everyday health can help keep your vagina in good shape,

Generally, good vaginal health is maintained by making sure the woman is generally healthy; this includes a healthy diet and exercise. Note that normal exercise helps maintain good vaginal function the way walking and running help the pelvic floor tone up. Here are a few things you should know if you want a clean and healthy vagina.

Vaginal secretions or discharge: Apart from the period which is part of your natural menstrual cycle, it is normal to produce clear or white secretions/discharge from your vagina. This mucus is produced naturally from the neck of the womb, known as the cervix.

Vaginal discharge is not always a bad sign unlike the general belief by some women that the clear or white discharge is associated with s3xually-transmitted infections. Changes in the amount of discharge could be hormonal; in other words, it could belinked to the menstrual cycle, pregnancy or menopause.

The character and amount of vaginal discharge vary throughout your menstrual cycle. Around the time your ovary releases an egg; ovulation, the discharge usually becomes thicker and stretchy, like raw egg white. A healthy discharge doesn’t have a strong smell or colour. There may be an uncomfortable wetness, but there shouldn’t be any itching or soreness around the vagina. If there are changes to the discharge that you are not used to, such as a change in colour or if it starts to smell or itch, then you need to see a doctor as you might have an infection

Bacteria in the vagina: There are lots of bacteria inside the woman’s vagina, and they are there to protect it. According to Professor Ronnie Lamont, spokesperson for the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, “The vagina contains more bacteria than anywhere else in the body after the bowel, but the bacteria are there for a reason.”

Functions of the good bacteria inside the vagina includes:

provide “numerical dominance”; they outnumber other potential harmful bacteria that might enter the vagina
help keep the vagina’s pH balance (how acidic the vagina is) at an even level, which helps keep the balance of bacteria healthy
can produce bacteriocins (naturally occurring antibiotics) to reduce or kill other bacteria entering the vagina
produce a substance that stops invading bacteria sticking to the vagina walls, which prevents bacteria invading the tissues
If the balance of bacteria is disturbed, this can lead to infection and inflammation. Bacteria called lactobacilli help keep the vagina’s pH balance at its normal low level), which also prevents the growth of other organisms.

If the pH of the vagina increases; it gets less acidic, that is, the quality or amount of lactobacilli can fall and other bacteria can multiply. This can result in infections such as thrush, which can cause symptoms which include itching, irritation and abnormal discharge.

Washing your vagina: It is a good idea to avoid perfumed soaps, gels and antiseptics as these can affect the healthy balance of bacteria and pH levels in the vagina and cause irritation.

Use plain, unperfumed soaps to wash the area around the vagina gently every day. The vagina will clean itself inside your body with natural vaginal secretions/ discharge.

During your period, washing more than once a day may be helpful, keeping the perineal area between the vagina and anus clean is important. A good perineal hygiene is necessary by washing that area at least once a day using your normal bathing soap.

However, not all women are the same; some may wash with perfumed soap and not notice any problems. But if a woman has vulval irritation or symptoms, one of the first things you can do is use non-allergenic, plain soaps and see if it helps.

Vaginal douches: A douche flushes water up into the vagina, clearing out vaginal secretions. Some women use a douche to clean the vagina, but using a douche can disrupt the normal vaginal bacteria. There is also no evidence douching protects against STIs or vaginal infections, and it may even increase the risk.

Scented wipes and vaginal deodorants: These perfumed products can disrupt the vagina’s healthy natural balance. “If nature had intended the vagina to smell like roses or lavender, it would have made the vagina smell like roses or lavender,” says Professor Lamont.

Washing with water and a plain soap should be all a woman needs to keep her vagina healthy. It is normal for the vagina to have a scent. Vaginal odour can change at different times of the reproductive cycle and should not always be thought of as being a sign of infection or illness

Safer sex: Some bacteria and viruses can get into the vagina during s3x. These include the bugs that cause chlamydia, gonorrhoea, genital herpes, genital warts, syphilis and HIV. You can protect your vagina against these infections by using a condom when you have s3x with multiple partners.

Cervical screening: All women aged from 25 to 64 are advised to go for cervical screening. Being screened regularly means any abnormal changes in the cervix can be identified early on and, if necessary, treated to stop cancer developing.

Additional report from Women’sHealth

Credit: Tribune

How to manage chlamydia infection

How to manage chlamydia infection

Rotimi Adesanya

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria known as ‘Chlamydia trachomatis’. The disease, which affects both men and women, is spread by having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected person. It is also transferred to newborn babies from infected mothers.

Most people infected chlamydia don’t notice any symptoms and so they don’t know they have it. Research suggests that 50 per cent of men and 70-80 per cent of women don’t get symptoms at all with an infection. They can pass it to others without knowing it. If a pregnant woman has chlamydia, it can be passed to her baby during birth.

Symptoms

A big problem with chlamydia is that it often produces no symptoms. If left undetected and untreated, complications can occur. People who have the disease can still transmit the infection, even if they don’t have any symptoms themselves. When symptoms do occur, they may not appear until several weeks after having sex with an infected person.

Women: They frequently develop abdominal or chronic pelvic pain and the continued spread of the disease. Other symptoms are burning desire to urinate, an abnormal vaginal discharge, blood in the urine, urinary urgency (feeling an urgent need to urinate) and increased urinary frequency can occur if the urethra is infected.

Men: Chlamydia can be difficult to spot in men because the symptoms are rare and not consistent between men. More common symptoms include a white, cloudy or watery discharge from the tip of the penis, difficulty or pain during urination, swollen and sore testicles.

Newborn: Pregnant women infected with chlamydia can pass the infection to their babies during childbirth. This could result in the baby developing conjunctivitis (eye infections) and pneumonia (chest infections).

Complications

Women: If it isn’t treated, the infection can sometimes spread to other parts of the body and lead to serious long-term health problems, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy (in which a pregnancy develops outside the uterus, such as in the fallopian tubes) and infertility (not being able to have children), due to infection and scarring of the fallopian tubes.

Men: If left untreated, chlamydia can cause internal scarring of the genitals, a lower sperm count with less fertile sperm, and can lead to additional health conditions.

Newborn: Chlamydia can lead to blindness or complicated pneumonia in the newborn baby.

Diagnosis

If you think there is a chance you might have chlamydia, getting tested early on is important, and so is avoiding spreading it to others. Testing for the infection is done with a urine test for men. Women can have a urine test or a swab taken from the cervix or vagina. Treatment normally involves antibiotic drugs.

Treatment

Chlamydia can be cured with the right treatment. If your doctor detects c the infection, it can usually be treated with special class of antibiotics. It is important that you take all of the medication your doctor prescribes to cure the infection. When taken properly it will stop the infection and could decrease your chances of having complications later on.

It is advisable for infected persons to avoid having sex while taking the antibiotics for a week so that he or she does not pass on the infection to someone else or become re-infected. It is recommended that the infected person do another test for chlamydia three months later to make sure there is no re-infection. Anyone who has had sex with an infected person in the past six months should also be tested and may need treatment at the same time. This is called contact tracing.

As Chlamydia is transmitted through unprotected sex, the doctor may suggest that you undergo screening for other sexually transmitted infections and if necessary, you and your partner(s) treated.

Prevention

Having oral sex or anal sex with someone who has chlamydia can result in infection of the throat or the rectum, thereby causing pain and a discharge of pus or mucus that could be painful when you urinate, an unusual discharge from the penis, vagina or rectum or, in women, bleeding between periods or after sex.

One can getting infected with chlamydia (and other sexually transmitted infections) by practising safe sex. This means using a condom during vaginal or anal sex.

The universal method of prevention of sexually transmitted infections is the ‘ABC’tip.

A–Abstinence

B–Be Faithful to a partner who is also faithful to you

C–Condoms: Use them correctly.

Credit: The Punch

Minimum wage latest: Committee adjourns till 10 pm as stalemate ensues over new figure

BREAKING: Stalemate as minimum wage committee adjourns till 10pm

Olalekan Adetayo, Abuja

The meeting of the tripartite committee set up to come up with a new national minimum wage has ended in a stalemate.

The Chairman of the committee, Ama Pepple, told journalists at the end of their marathon meeting that they would be reconvening at 10pm.

She however said the committee arrived at two figures of N24,000 and N30,000 as the new national minimum wage.

She said the committee had appealed to the labour leaders to call off the strike and they have promised to consult and revert when the meeting reconvened at 10pm.

But the Minister of Labour and Employment, Chris Ngige, said the meeting at 10pm was meant to get appointment on when the report will be submitted to the President.

Credit: The Punch